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The perils of machine learning in designing new chemicals and materials - Nature Machine Intelligence

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It is easy to recognize the benefits of the machine-learning approach to, for example, testing chemicals and materials for toxicity -- an area that we work on as a combined team of computer scientists and chemists. First, the need is obvious when you consider that less than 1% of the chemicals registered for commercial use in the United States have undergone toxicity characterization, whether they are used for medicinal purposes or for fracking. Moreover, there are many scientific, ethical, and economic advantages to replacing the animals currently used in toxicity tests with non-animal test systems, and great speed and cost advantages in using computer systems. Second, material and chemical usage has increased to 60 billion tonnes per year during the twentieth century2, underscoring the advantages of a rapid machine-learning approach for toxicity characterization. Finally, the number of materials and chemicals that can be designed digitally far exceeds the number that have been well characterized. For example, our estimates based on the number of material combinations with six surfaces exceed trillions, while the organic chemicals based on only hexanes exceed 1030 (Figure 1), clearly indicating the vastness of possibilities.


AI TRENDS IN 2021 TO BOOST BUSINESS PERFORMANCE

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It was back in the 1950s when a group of experts from different arenas came together to discuss the possibility of developing an artificial brain. Then again in the mid 1950s, John McCarthy coined the term "Artificial Intelligence" during a summer conference at the Dartmouth college. Since then, with every passing decade, there were innovations and observations in the field of AI that assured the future of AI to be promising and evolved. It was in the 1900s when many computer scientists around the world dwelled into research based findings in AI and this technology took its first big step towards advancement. What was once just a mere theory, now became the crux around technology and innovation.


Speed Up Machine Learning Models with Accelerated WEKA

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In recent years, there has been a surge in building and adopting machine learning (ML) tools. The use of GPUs to accelerate increasingly compute-intensive models has been a prominent trend. To increase user access, the Accelerated WEKA project provides an accessible entry point for using GPUs in well-known WEKA algorithms by integrating open-source RAPIDS libraries. In this post, you will be introduced to Accelerated WEKA and learn how to leverage GPU-accelerated algorithms with a graphical user interface (GUI) using WEKA software. This Java open-source alternative is suitable for beginners looking for a variety of ML algorithms from different environments or packages.


Brian Gerkey on the success of Open Robotics and ROS - Channel969

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Welcome to Episode 84 of The Robotic Report Podcast, which brings conversations with robotics innovators straight to you. Be a part of us every week for discussions with main roboticists, modern robotics corporations, and different key members of the robotics neighborhood. Our visitor this week is Brian Gerkey, CEO and co-founder of Open Robotics and certainly one of creators of ROS. Brian tells us concerning the improvement and evolution of the Robotic Working System (ROS) and why open supply software program has performed such a pivotal function within the development of the robotics trade and within the acceleration of robotics analysis in college and company robotic labs around the globe. Now it's time to organize for RoboBusiness and the Discipline Robotics Engineering Discussion board, which run October 19-20, 2022 in Santa Clara, Calif If you want to be a visitor on an upcoming episode of the podcast, or you probably have suggestions for future friends or phase concepts, contact Steve Crowe or Mike Oitzman.


There Is No Such Thing As Artificial Intelligence

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Recently, a Google employee made the claim that an AI project was sentient. This was greeted by jeering and disgust by most, even those with no background whatsoever in the field.


Senior Machine Learning Developer

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As a Machine Learning Developer in the NLP team at Coveo you will get fully immersed in our Support Case Assist and Question-Answering projects. You will play a key role in the design and implementation of NLP-based systems and applications. You will also be involved in the efforts to build and improve tools to support ML Scientists, such as experimentation and training frameworks for Deep Learning NLP Tasks. Seize the opportunity to have an impact on the core AI technologies and the value they bring to our customers through the Coveo Relevance Cloud Platform! Do you think you can bring this role to life?


Summer 2022 - Researcher positions in artificial intelligence and machine learning -- FCAI

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We develop reinforcement learning techniques to enable interaction across multiple agents including AIs and humans, with potential applications from AI-assisted design to autonomous driving. Methodological contexts of the research include deep reinforcement learning, inverse reinforcement learning, hierarchical reinforcement learning as well as multi-agent and multi-objective reinforcement learning. FCAI is working on a new paradigm of AI-assisted design that aims to cooperate with designers by supporting and leveraging the creativity and problem-solving of designers. The challenge for such AI is how to infer designers' goals and then help them without being needlessly disruptive. We use generative user models to reason about designers' goals, reasoning, and capabilities. In this call, FCAI is looking for a postdoctoral scholar or research fellow to join our effort to develop AI-assisted design. Suitable backgrounds include deep reinforcement learning, Bayesian inference, cooperative AI, computational cognitive modelling, and user modelling. Computational rationality is an emerging integrative theory of intelligence in humans and machines (1) with applications in human-computer interaction, cooperative AI, and robotics. The theory assumes that observable human behavior is generated by cognitive mechanisms that are adapted to the structure of not only the environment but also the mind and brain itself (2).


The AI Act: Three Things To Know About AI Regulation Worldwide

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As AI proliferates, countries and their legal systems are trying to catch up. AI regulation is emerging at industry level, city and county level, and at country and region level. The European Union AI Act could well serve as a template for AI regulation around the world. In this post, we describe three key things you should know about AI Regulation: Context - what is already around us, AI Act - the key elements of the upcoming EU legislation, and What all this is likely to mean to businesses and individuals. The AI Act is not the first piece of AI regulation.


Artificial Intelligence (AI) paintings - Collection

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We use AI computer programs to create abstract digital art paintings that would be impossible for humans to create on their own. Artificial intelligence art is a fascinating and rapidly growing field, it captures eyes and mind.. Don t miss to own one of its early creations.


LUCID: music, medicine, and machine learning

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In this interview, News-Medical speaks to Zoë Thomson, Co-founder and Chief Innovation Officer of LUCID, about how music and machine learning are changing how we approach mental and neuropsychiatric health. I was motivated to begin this work because, through my background as a biomedical engineer and researcher, I observed an abundance of technical capabilities in this current age around biosignals and artificial intelligence (AI). I was interested in how these tools could be leveraged to deliver more personalized and effective care. I didn't see these capabilities fully instantiated within the mental health care paradigm, which is relatively "one-size-fits-all," while the stigma around traditional interventions like medication and therapy continues to limit access to care. As a result, I saw a real need for novel approaches to mental health interventions.