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AI system bests radiologists in spotting COVID-19 in lungs

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A new artificial intelligence (AI) platform developed by Northwestern University researchers can detect COVID-19 in the lungs 10 times faster and a bit more accurately than specialized cardiothoracic radiologists, according to a study published today in Radiology. The researchers trained and tested DeepCOVID-XR, a machine-learning algorithm that analyzes chest X-rays, on 17,002 X-ray images, 5,445 of them with signs of COVID-19, collected from February to April. When pitted against five experienced cardiothoracic radiology subspecialists, DeepCOVID-XR analyzed each of 300 randomly selected test images in about 18 minutes, versus the 2.5 to 3.5 hours of individual radiologists. DeepCOVID-XR was 82% accurate, compared with the radiologists' 76% to 81% individually and 81% as a team. "These are experts who are sub-specialty trained in reading chest imaging, whereas the majority of chest X-rays are read by general radiologists or initially interpreted by non-radiologists, such as the treating clinician," lead author Ramsey Wehbe, MD, said in a Northwestern news release.


Paraconsistent Intelligent-Based Systems - Programmer Books

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This book presents some of the latest applications of new theories based on the concept of paraconsistency and correlated topics in informatics, such as pattern recognition (bioinformatics), robotics, decision-making themes, and sample size. Each chapter is self-contained, and an introductory chapter covering the logic theoretical basis is also included. The aim of the text is twofold: to serve as an introductory text on the theories and applications of new logic, and as a textbook for undergraduate or graduate-level courses in AI. Today AI frequently has to cope with problems of vagueness, incomplete and conflicting (inconsistent) information. One of the most notable formal theories for addressing them is paraconsistent (paracomplete and non-alethic) logic.


Black Friday 2020: The best Nest and Ring video doorbell deals right now

USATODAY - Tech Top Stories

Black Friday 2020: You'll want to hear about these video doorbell deals, including a sale on Ring devices. Purchases you make through our links may earn us a commission. Over the holidays, you'll likely have a lot of packages delivered to your home. If you can't sit by the door all day and you're worried about your deliveries getting swiped by "porch pirates," a smart doorbell can bring you some peace of mind. Some of the best smart doorbells we've tested are from Ring and Google Nest, and there are great deals to be found today on those models.


Mastering Word Embeddings in 10 Minutes with TensorFlow

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Word embedding is one of the most important concepts in Natural Language Processing (NLP). It is an NLP technique where words or phrases (i.e., strings) from a vocabulary are mapped to vectors of real numbers. The need to map strings into vectors of real numbers originated from computers' inability to do operations with strings. Natural language processing (NLP) is a subfield of linguistics, computer science, and artificial intelligence concerned with the interactions between computers and human language, in particular how to program computers to process and analyze large amounts of natural language data. Before diving into word embedding, let's compare these three options to see why Word embedding is the best.


A Brief Introduction to Edge Computing and Deep Learning

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Welcome to my first blog on topics in artificial intelligence! Here I will introduce the topic of edge computing, with context in deep learning applications. This blog is largely adapted from a survey paper written by Xiaofei Wang et al.: Convergence of Edge Computing and Deep Learning: A Comprehensive Survey. If you're interested in learning more about any topic covered here, there are plenty of examples, figures, and explanations in the full 35 page survery: https://ieeexplore.ieee.org/stamp/stamp.jsp?tp & arnumber 8976180 Now, before we begin, I'd like to take a moment and motivate why edge computing and deep learning can be very powerful when combined: Deep learning is becoming an increasingly-capable practice in machine learning that allows computers to detect objects, recognize speech, translate languages, and make decisions. More problems in machine learning are solved with the advanced techniques that researchers discover by the day.


Neural reading

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The creation of poems via neural networks is relatively easy nowadays and the internet is replete with corresponding examples. However, it largely lacks interpretive concepts. What should be done with the results generated in this way? How can we draw scientific conclusions from them? This is all the more difficult to answer as it still remains unclear where to position deep‐learning approaches in the canon of digital‐humanities methods. But it is clear that humanities scholars must reckon with machines being responsible for, or at least involved in, the creation of their objects of study.


Spatial Computing Could Be the Next Big Thing

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Imagine Martha, an octogenarian who lives independently and uses a wheelchair. All objects in her home are digitally catalogued; all sensors and the devices that control objects have been Internet-enabled; and a digital map of her home has been merged with the object map. As Martha moves from her bedroom to the kitchen, the lights switch on, and the ambient temperature adjusts. The chair will slow if her cat crosses her path. When she reaches the kitchen, the table moves to improve her access to the refrigerator and stove, then moves back when she is ready to eat.


Opinion/Middendorf: Artificial intelligence and the future of warfare

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J. William Middendorf, who lives in Little Compton, served as Secretary of the Navy during the Ford administration. His recent book is "The Great Nightfall: How We Win the New Cold War." Thirteen days passed in October 1962 while President John F. Kennedy and his advisers perched at the edge of the nuclear abyss, pondering their response to the discovery of Russian missiles in Cuba. Today, a president may not have 13 minutes. Indeed, a president may not be involved at all. "Artificial intelligence is the future, not only for Russia, but for all humankind. It comes with colossal opportunities but also threats that are difficult to predict. Whoever becomes the leader in this sphere will become the ruler of the world."


Data Science Papers for Spring 2020

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Pain Points, Needs, and Design Opportunities This paper is a study done on the usage of notebooks for data science. It cover a bunch of the negative impacts of using notebooks for data science. Deployment, setup, collaboration, and reliablity are a few of the examples. Quantifying the Carbon Emissions of Machine Learning Training a neural network can take a lot of computer processing power. This processing power comes at a cost to the environment.


Tom Kadala on LinkedIn: Trade Forex differently… using a learning algorithm designed by expert

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Trade Forex differently… using a learning algorithm designed by expert traders. Just over four years ago, we embarked on an ambitious task on the banks of the Thames in London. We decided to rewrite the rules on FOREX trading. Granted there's a lot to choose from, but for the individual who just wants to trade FOREX profitably without having to be glued to their screen all day, we feel we have developed a viable alternative. Our intuitive approach pushes all the technical analysis onto an AI and ML solution called RagingFX.