If you are looking for an answer to the question What is Artificial Intelligence? and you only have a minute, then here's the definition the Association for the Advancement of Artificial Intelligence offers on its home page: "the scientific understanding of the mechanisms underlying thought and intelligent behavior and their embodiment in machines."
However, if you are fortunate enough to have more than a minute, then please get ready to embark upon an exciting journey exploring AI (but beware, it could last a lifetime) …
There is an interminable interest in artificial intelligence (AI). According to the AI Index 2019 Annual Report published by the University of Stanford, the volume of peer-reviewed AI papers has grown by more than 300% between 1998 and 2018. In over 3,600 global news articles on ethics and AI identified by the Human-Centered AI Institute at Stanford between mid-2018 and mid-2019, topics such as possible frameworks and guidelines on the ethical use of AI, use of face recognition applications, data privacy, the role of big tech, and algorithm bias dominated. This highlights the importance of understanding how bias can slip into data sets and raise awareness when working towards mitigating bias. AI strikes humanity where it hurts most: It uncovers how preconceived notions affect the outcome of well-intentioned applications.
Researchers from Sandia National Laboratories recently designed machine learning algorithms intended to improve the energy output of nuclear fusion reactors. The research team utilized AI algorithms to simulate the interactions between plasma and materials within the walls of a nuclear fusion reactor. Unlike nuclear fission, which involves splitting atoms apart, the energy created by fusion reactions releases energy through the creation of plasma. Hydrogen atoms are superheated to create a plasma cloud and this cloud releases energy as the particles within it smash into one another and fuse together. This process is chaotic, and if scientists can better control the fusion process, it could lead to substantial increases in the amount of usable energy created by nuclear fusion reactors.