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AI, AI on the wall -- Who's the Fairest of them all?


"A world perfectly fair in some dimensions would be horribly unfair in others." "Fairness" in Artificial Intelligence (AI) applications -- both as a concept and a practice -- is the focus of many organisations as they deploy new technologies for greater effectiveness and efficiencies. That machines are faster at processing large amounts of information and the notion that they are'more objective' than humans, appear to make them an obvious choice for progressivity and seemingly impartial actors in'fairer' decision-making. Yet, algorithmic based decisions have not come without their share of controversies -- Australia's recent'robo-debt' government intervention which wrongly pursued thousands of welfare recipients; the UK's'A-Levels fiasco' of downgrading graduating grades based on historical data, its controversial visa application streaming tool; and concerns about Clearview AI's facial recognition software for policing are raising new questions on the role of these technologies in society. Risk assessments are part of the fabric of modern society, but what we are dealing with here is not just'scaling up' human capacity for decision-making without the unwanted human biases and errors -- we are also extolling the'virtues of objectivity' under the guise of'fairness' (which is inherently subjective!) and failing to recognise the many inter-relationships that are being unraveled through the use of these algorithms in our daily lives.

Fossils: Doctor Who actor Tom Baker honoured by scientists who name a trilobite after him

Daily Mail - Science & tech

As Doctor Who, Tom Baker fought Daleks and Cybermen, robot mummies and gothic monsters -- but his latest'creature feature' has taken the form of an accolade. Australian palaeontologists have named a newly-found species of trilobite -- a segmented sea creature from 450 million years ago -- in honour of the actor. Trilobites loosely resemble woodlice -- and their closest living relatives include lobsters, crabs and scorpions. They fell extinct around 251.9 million years ago. The fossil -- 'Gravicalymene bakeri' -- was found preserved in shale rocks in Northern Tasmania that date back to the so-called'Late Ordovician' period.

Virtual Event: Artificial Intelligence, Food for All. Dialogue and Experiences


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Kmart Australia uses AI and AR to bring KBot shopping experience in-home


Kmart Australia has launched its KBot platform that uses a combination of augmented reality (AR) technology and artificial intelligence (AI) to enable shoppers to view products in their own homes. The AR technology, developed by Valis, allows shoppers to view products in 3D in their own homes, while a conversational AI developed using Oracle Digital Assistant platform can help answer questions, including product dimensions and features, and recommend related products by converting speech to text. "The immersive AR and AI experience was designed to bring joy and inspiration to our customers' lives, and with extra help from our AI chatbot personality -- KBot assist -- we have been able to make shopping easier for customers by sprinkling delight across the customer journey," Kmart head of digital Melissa Wong said. Accessible via the on any AR supported Apple or Android device, the KBot solution has been integrated with Kmart's existing Oracle Cloud CX technology. "Digital assistants, and artificial intelligence more broadly, have reached mainstream adoption and are providing new and exciting brand experiences to customers," Oracle Australia and New Zealand vice president and regional managing director Cherie Ryan said. "The KBot is a truly innovative experience, seamlessly blending AI and AR to create an engagement that is both fun and functional."

Should you incorporate an AI strategy into your business? - Dynamic Business


With both government and companies eagerly adopting artificial intelligence (AI) strategies, we explore how AI could also streamline and scale your business. We examine the potential opportunities and risks that come with using AI, and what the future of AI and business looks like. The CSIRO defines AI as "a collection of interrelated technologies used to solve problems autonomously and perform tasks to achieve defined objectives, in some cases without explicit guidance from a human being." Subfields of AI include machine learning, computer vision, human language technologies, robotics, knowledge representation and other scientific fields. For instance, AI is already being used in autonomous emergency breaking (helping reduce 1,137 vehicle-related deaths per year) and in maintaining Sydney Harbour Bridge (using machine-learning and predictive analytics to identify priority locations for maintenance).

The Morning After: PS5 price, release date and pre-order info revealed


Last week, it was Xbox's turn, and now we have a price for the new PlayStation. Sony has set a $400/$500 split for the Digital Edition vs. standard PS5, charging $100 extra for the privilege of a disc drive for physical media. If you need a reason to splash for the disc version, look no further than the new $70 benchmark for many new titles -- disc games might be a little easier to find used or on sale. Retailers like Amazon, Best Buy, Walmart and GameStop started taking pre-orders shortly after Sony's event ended, but if you missed out on the first wave, keep checking back -- a few people have reported success hours after they supposedly sold out. Assuming you can secure a day-one purchase, you can expect it to see it November 12th in the US, Canada, Japan, Mexico, Australia, New Zealand and South Korea, before the PS5 launches everywhere else on November 19th.

Why humans should be wary of widening the intelligence gap


With our powers of reasoning, rich memories and the ability to imagine what the future might hold, human intelligence is unequalled in the animal kingdom. Our closest relatives, chimpanzees, are adept problem solvers, making their own tools to reach food, for example. They use sophisticated gestures and facial expressions to communicate. Yet, they fall a long way short of our own ability to think and plan for the future. Thomas Suddendorf, a psychologist at the University of Queensland, describes this as the gap – the cognitive gulf that separates us from animals.

AI's potential in skin cancer management comes with a warning


Artificial intelligence (AI) use in dermatology is primed to become a powerful tool in skin cancer assessment, but it remains to be seen how diagnostic devices in dermatology will influence decision making in the clinic and affect patient outcomes, according to the authors of a Perspective published online today by the Medical Journal of Australia. In dermatology the primary focus for the use of AI has been on developing machine learning systems that facilitate classification and decision support for skin cancer management. "Recent studies show that machine learning algorithms have the potential to surpass the diagnostic performance of experts, and the challenge now is how to implement this new technology safely into clinical practice," wrote the authors, led by Associate Professor Victoria Mar, a consultant dermatologist and Director of the Victorian Melanoma Service at Alfred Hospital. "There are two potentially negative implications for clinical practice: first, clinicians may have difficulty upskilling by following the algorithms' outputs; and second, there exists the potential for deskilling and underperforming due to an over-reliance on technology. Algorithm performance is dependent on both the size and quality of the training image dataset and on whether the algorithm is used in situations for which it was intended," wrote Mar and colleagues.

Airservices and QUT join forces to develop automatic drone management technology


QUT researcher Dr Aaron Mcfadyen has mapped air traffic around airports. Airservices and Queensland University of Technology (QUT) have inked a partnership to develop an automated and near real-time flight approval system to speed up how quickly drones can operate in the air, particularly during emergencies and pandemics. The technology will be used to replace the current manual process that typically requires drone operators to fill out paper-based forms to be considered for approval to operate their drones. This process can often take weeks and lack consistency due to the manual assessments that are undertaken. However, by introducing an automated approval system, which will involve developing risk maps to understand where it's safe to allow drones to operate, drone operators will be able to receive approvals much faster.

UNSW announces a glove to mimic touch and a grant for VR-based spinal cord injury relief


Engineers from the University of New South Wales (UNSW) have claimed the invention of a soft wearable device they say simulates the sense of touch. Haptic technology mimics the experience of touch by stimulating localised areas of the skin in ways that are similar to what is felt in the real world through force, vibration, or motion. "When we do things with our hands, such as holding a mobile phone or typing on a keyboard, all of these actions are impossible without haptics," Scientia lecturer and director of the UNSW Medical Robotics Lab Dr Thanh Nho Do said. "The human hand has a high density of tactile receptors and is both an interesting and challenging area to encode information through haptic stimulation, because we use our hands to perceive most objects every day." He said there are many situations where the sense of touch would be useful, but is impossible.