Facebook said on Wednesday night that its artificial intelligence systems failed to automatically detect the New Zealand mosque shooting video. A senior executive at the social media giant responded in a blog post to criticism that it didn't act quickly enough to take down the gunman's livestream video of his attack in Christchurch that left 50 people dead, allowing it to spread rapidly online. Facebook's vice president of integrity, Guy Rosen, said "this particular video did not trigger our automatic detection systems." "AI has made massive progress over the years and in many areas, which has enabled us to proactively detect the vast majority of the content we remove," Rosen said. One reason is because artificial intelligence systems are trained with large volumes of similar content, but in this case there was not enough because such attacks are rare.
But with a huge volume of posts popping up on these sites each day, it's difficult for even this combination of people and machines to keep up. AI still has a long way to go before it can reliably detect hate speech or violence online. Machine learning, the AI technique tech companies depend on to find unsavory content, figures out how to spot patterns in reams of data; it can identify offensive language, videos, or pictures in specific contexts. That's because these kinds of posts follow patterns on which AI can be trained. For example, if you give a machine-learning algorithm plenty of images of guns or written religious slurs, it can learn to spot those things in other images and text.
You have probably read about robots replacing human labor as a new era of automation takes root in one industry after another. But a new report suggests humans are not the only ones who might lose their jobs. In New Zealand, farmers are using drones to herd and monitor livestock, assuming a job that highly intelligent dogs have held for more than a century. The robots have not replaced the dogs entirely, Radio New Zealand reports, but they have appropriated one of the animal's most potent tools: barking. The DJI Mavic Enterprise, a $3,500 drone favored by farmers, has a feature that lets the machine record sounds and play them over a loud speaker, giving the machine the ability to mimic its canine counterparts.
As such, even though these technologies bring huge potential and opportunities, they still need to be closely monitored. The University of New South Wales Research Ethics and Compliance Support Director Dr Ted Rohr told HITNA that issues around ethics arise when healthcare access data from medical records for research, for example. "Ethics is all about deciding whether the use of technology is appropriate and is used for public good. For example, AI has its positives, but it can be misused. So, having an ethical framework allows the proper use of medical databases for research and experiments with patients using devices," he said.
New Zealand carrier Spark has begun testing the first 5G-connected autonomous vehicle in the nation under a partnership with Ohmio Automotion. The driverless car, which is being trialled on the streets in Auckland's Wynyard Quarter Innovation Precinct this week, is connected to Spark's test 5G network at its innovation lab and carries up to four passengers. Passengers can use a tablet to hail the autonomous vehicle, which then arrives for pick-up and drives around a programmed seven-minute loop at a maximum speed of 7km/h, though it is capable of 25km/h. An in-vehicle dashboard provides information on how and what the car is monitoring in real-time via LIDAR. At the same time, Ohmio has been testing autonomous shuttles at Christchurch Airport -- with an upgraded model of the vehicle ensuring it integrates with Spark's 5G connectivity -- and is planning to launch more trials in university campuses, airports, hospitals, and retirement villages across New Zealand.
BUSINESSES in Australia such as law and accounting firms, technology companies, and medical facilities are staffed with professionals certified by government bodies. In order to ensure these professionals stay up-to-date and relevant, the governing bodies often require that they receive training on an ongoing basis. CPA Australia and the Lawyers Society of South Australia, for example, require members undergo 20 and 10 hours of CPD training per year and offer seminars and sessions to help meet that requirement. However, practically speaking, the training on offer might not be directly relevant to the businesses or jobs that these professionals are performing on a daily basis. For example, CPA Australia might offer a seminar on understanding wealth management in the accounting context.
Google must be broken up to end its "overwhelming" market power and safeguard the world's news media, Rupert Murdoch's News Corp has said. The news organisation's Australian arm demanded an enforced breakup of Google, which dominates online search and advertising businesses. In an 80-page submission to the Australian government, News Corp, which has itself faced allegations of monopolistic behaviour, said Google's search engine and third-party advertising platform should be separated to allow publishers to compete for ad revenues. We'll tell you what's true. You can form your own view.
Data61, the Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation's (CSIRO) technology arm, on Tuesday launched a new centre dedicated to the research and development (R&D) of robotics and autonomous systems. The 600 square metre facility, called the Robotics Innovation Centre, is based in Pullenvale, Queensland. It lays claim to the Southern Hemisphere's largest motion-capture device -- used to validate data collected by robotics systems -- as well as a 13x5-metre pool for testing underwater robots; engineering laboratories; rapid prototyping machines; indoor and outdoor testing areas; field-deployable UAVs and UGVs; legged robots; high-accuracy robot manipulators; and sensor and telemetry systems. The research centre will be used to develop robotics systems that can interact safely with humans in both indoor and outdoor environments, according to Data61 Robotics and Autonomous Systems group leader Fred Pauling. One robotics project already under way at the centre is a trial of technology that rapidly maps, navigates, and searches underground environments.
Technological advancements in the medical field are vital to improving the way patients receive care. In many cases, there is a need for more resources to be directed towards patient care. But the current reality for many patients, especially children with chronic illnesses, is that medical professionals and families are often forced to carry a heavy load in caring for them. To address this need within the healthcare sector, there has been an uptick in the size of Australia's medtech startup community, with the NSW government expecting the industry to create 28,000 jobs and add AU$18 billion in gross domestic product to Australia by 2025. Among the medtech startups in Australia is ikkiworks, which developed a companion robot that helps soothe and monitor the vital signs of children with chronic illness while they are away from the hospital.