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Amid Skepticism, Biden Vows a New Era of Global Collaboration

The New Yorker

Joe Biden made his début at the elegant green-marble rostrum of the United Nations this week, as the coronavirus infected more than half a million people each day worldwide, as wildfires and floods aggravated by climate change ravaged the Earth, and as the U.S. struggled to prevent a new cold war with China. In lofty language, the President tried to redirect the world's focus away from the calamitous end to America's longest war, in Afghanistan, and a recent bust-up with its most longstanding ally, France. Just eight months into his Presidency, Biden is already trying to hit reset on his foreign policy. "I stand here today for the first time in twenty years with the United States not at war. We've turned the page," Biden told the chamber.


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#artificialintelligence

An artificial intelligence (AI) program can spot signs of lung cancer on CT scans a year before they can be diagnosed with existing methods, according to research presented at the European Respiratory Society International Congress. Lung cancer is often diagnosed at a late stage when treatment is less likely to succeed. Researchers hope that using AI to support lung cancer screening could make the process quicker and more efficient, and ultimately help diagnose more patients at an early stage. Computerised tomography or CT scans are already used to spot signs of lung tumours, followed by a biopsy or surgery to confirm whether the tumour is malignant. But each scan involves an expert radiologist examining around 300 images and looking for signs of cancer that can be very small.


Researchers Develop AI Algorithm To Diagnose Deep Vein Thrombois

#artificialintelligence

According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, the number of people who die from deep vein thrombosis (DVT), ten to 30 percent of people will die within one month of diagnosis. The CDC estimates that around 60,000 to 100,000 Americans die of DVT each year. Researchers from the University of Oxford say they have developed an artificial intelligence (AI) algorithm to help diagnose DVT faster and more efficiently than a traditional radiologist-interpreted diagnostic scan. Working with researchers at the University of Sheffield and UK startup, ThinkSono, the collaborative team trained a machine learning AI algorithm called AutoDVT to differentiate patients with DVT from those who did not. The researchers believe this rapid diagnosis could reduce long patient waiting lists and unnecessary prescriptions to treat DVT when the patients do not have DVT.


PhD Studies in Informatics, Computer Science - Norway

#artificialintelligence

All employees are expected to contribute to excellence through high quality research and teaching. The working environment for this position will be at the Machine Learning and the Algorithms research groups. The person appointed in this position will develop new strategies for discovering rules encoded in neural network models and represent them as an ontology formulated in description logic or a related formalism in knowledge representation. The application and appendices with certified translations into English or a Scandinavian language must be uploaded at Jobbnorge by 28.10.2021. Digitization of businesses, industry, public administration, and education makes informatics play an increasingly important role in the development of the society.


Falsehoods more likely with large language models

#artificialintelligence

The Transform Technology Summits start October 13th with Low-Code/No Code: Enabling Enterprise Agility. The use of AI language models to generate text for business applications is gaining steam. Large companies are deploying their own systems, while others are leveraging models like OpenAI's GPT-3 via APIs. According to OpenAI, GPT-3 is now being used in over 300 apps by thousands of developers, producing an average of more than 4.5 billion novel words per day. But while recent language models are impressively fluent, they have a tendency to write falsehoods ranging from factual inaccuracies to potentially harmful disinformation.


Andrea Rios Escudel on LinkedIn: #innovation #artificialintelligence

#artificialintelligence

If we want the decision-makers to understand the ethical issues of facial recognition, we need to turn the table:) 'The Flemish Scrollers' is software automatically tagging distracted Belgian politicians when they use their phone on the daily live streams. Every meeting of the Flemish government in Belgium is live-streamed on a YouTube channel. When a Livestream starts the software is searching for phones and tries to identify a distracted politician. This is done with the help of AI and face recognition. For ML/ AI/ Data Science learning materials, please check my previous posts.


Surgeons to reach prostate with robot

Robohub

Prostate cancer is the most common form of cancer in men. Every year about 13,000 Dutch men are diagnosed with this disease. According to the Prostate Cancer Foundation, about 1 in 10 men suffers from prostate cancer at some point in their lives. When an all-male TU Delft student team started working with PhD researcher Martijn de Vries to design a robot that can precisely place a radiation source in your body with a steerable needle, it took a while for these statistics to sink in. But once that happened, motivation shot up.


Artificial intelligence will be key to-do for Germany's next government

#artificialintelligence

Germany has long been a leader in science and engineering. Now, with artificial intelligence (AI) coming of age, the erstwhile technological pathbreaker in western Europe is experiencing some growing pains. AI is poised to become one of the key technologies of the economic and industrial future. Germany's federal elections are just around the corner and the country's next government will have a laundry list of grievances to address to make the country fit for the AI future. Since 2018, the federal government has had a strategy in place aimed at cultivating the use of artificial intelligence at home, backed up by similar efforts on the EU level.


Sloane Lab will open historic collections to all

#artificialintelligence

Unprecedented access to thousands of artefacts gathered by the 18th century physician, naturalist and prolific collector Sir Hans Sloane, will be available online to everyone for free, thanks to a multi-million pound digital project led by UCL. Following his death, Sir Hans Sloane's collections formed the basis of the British Museum, Natural History Museum and British Library. The Sloan Lab: Looking back to build future shared collections will bring Sloane's immense collections, ranging from coins to manuscripts and stuffed animals, which are currently held in a variety of locations, together online for the first time. Researchers will work with experts and communities to link up Sloane's collections, put them in context for the 21st century, and give new opportunities to search, explore and engage critically with the UK's cultural heritage online. The Sloane Lab is one of five'Discovery Projects' sharing £14.5m of Arts and Humanities Research Council (AHRC) funding to democratise and decolonise the UK's culture and heritage collections.


Uber CEO aims for 'fully green' food-delivery business

The Japan Times

Uber Technologies Inc. wants to expand its zero emissions pledge to food-delivery and make the business environmentally sustainable, but Chief Executive Officer Dara Khosrowshahi stopped short of committing to do so by a 2030 deadline for its ride-hailing arm. The CEO said in an interview that food deliveries Uber makes in Europe are typically carried on scooters and bikes, so it prioritized cars for its green ambitions. "We wanted to start with our mainline mobility business, and then based on our learnings there, we will absolutely apply them to delivery as well," Khosrowshahi said. "I don't know if it'll be included in the 2030 target, but we're absolutely going to look to drive delivery to be fully green as well." Ahead of two weeks of climate talks between world leaders -- known as COP26 -- several transportation-focused technology firms called for sped-up sustainability targets and expanded urban mobility options.