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China pledges collaboration to drive global digital development


China has pledged to collaborate in global efforts to drive digital development and build a "shared cyberspace" community. It has underscored the importance of the internet and international cooperation, as economies worldwide look to battle the COVID-19 pandemic. Chinese President Xi Jinping said China was "ready to work with other countries" to tap the opportunities "presented by the information revolution" and drive growth through innovation as well as open up new grounds in digital cooperation. Efforts also would be made to create a new paradigm for cybersecurity and to build a community with a "shared future in cyberspace", creating a brighter future for humanity, Xi said in a letter he sent and was read at the 2020 World Internet Conference in Wuzhen, China. With China-US trade relations still tense, efforts to cut out Chinese vendors such as Huawei from 5G implementations may create separate ecosystems and consumers could lose out on benefits from the wide adoption of global standards, as demonstrated with 4G.

Why China plans to drill an almost 7-foot-deep hole on the moon

Christian Science Monitor | Science

Chinese technicians were making final preparations Monday for a mission to bring back material from the moon's surface for the first time in more than four decades – an undertaking that could boost human understanding of the moon and of the solar system more generally. Chang'e 5 – named for the Chinese moon goddess – is the country's most ambitious lunar mission yet. If successful, it would be a major advance for China's space program, and some experts say it could pave the way for bringing samples back from Mars or even a crewed lunar mission. The China National Space Administration said in a statement that the Long March-5Y rocket began fueling up on Monday, ahead of a launch scheduled for between 3 p.m. and 4 p.m. EST Monday at the Wenchang launch center on the southern island province of Hainan. The typically secretive administration had previously only confirmed the launch would be in late November.

China launches its first mission to bring moon rocks back to Earth

MIT Technology Review

China launched its Chang'e 5 mission to the moon early Tuesday morning local time from the country's launch site on Hainan Island in the South China Sea. The country is seeking to bring soil and rock samples from the lunar surface back to Earth for the first time in its history, for scientific study. What's going to happen: Chang'e 5 should make it to the moon on November 27. The entire mission consists of four parts: an orbiter, a lander, an ascent stage, and a return capsule. The spacecraft are not equipped with any heating units to help the onboard electronics withstand the super-cold temperatures of the lunar night. That means the mission must collect its sample and start heading back to Earth within 14 days (the length of the lunar day).

New magnetic spray transforms pills into mini robots that can be navigated throughout the body

Daily Mail - Science & tech

A magnetic spray is capable to turning objects into moving robots, which could be used to navigate drugs throughout the body. Scientists at the City University in Hong Kong revealed the innovation made of polyvinyl alcohol, gluten and iron particles. Called'M-spray,' it is capable of sticking on the targeted object and when it activates, allows the object to walk, roll and crawl using a magnetic field. The team foresees their creation being applied to pills, which doctors to move to a targeted part of the body. A magnetic spray is capable to turning objects into moving robots, which could be used to navigate drugs throughout the body.

China is about to launch its most advanced mission to the moon yet

New Scientist

The robotic Chang'e 5 mission will land on the moon, gather rock samples and then blast off back to Earth - the first such mission in over 40 years. It could be a rehearsal for landing humans on the moon

China has launched its most advanced mission to the moon yet

New Scientist

China launched its Chang'e 5 spacecraft on 23 November, in the first mission designed to bring moon rocks back to Earth in more than four decades. The uncrewed Chang'e 5 probe will attempt to collect at least 2 kilograms of lunar dust and debris from the northern region of the Oceanus Procellarum, a previously unvisited area on the near side of the moon. If successful, the Chang'e 5 return mission will make China only the third country, after the US and the Soviet Union, to have retrieved samples from the moon. The last sample return mission was carried out in 1976 by the Soviet Union's Luna 24 robotic probe, which brought back around 170 grams to Earth. The Chang'e 5 launch happened early on Tuesday morning, Beijing time, from a Long March 5 rocket at a site in Wenchang on Hainan Island in the South China Sea.

'Better off thanks to China': German companies double down on resurgent giant

The Japan Times

BERLIN – German industrial robot-maker Hahn Automation plans to invest millions of euros in new factories in China over the next three years, keen to capitalize on an economy that's rebounding more rapidly than others from the COVID-19 crisis. "If we want to grow with the Chinese market, we have to manufacture on the ground," Chief Executive Frank Konrad said of the investment drive, intended to skirt Chinese export hurdles in what Beijing views as a strategic sector. "Our goal is to make up to 25% of our sales in China by 2025," he said, up from roughly 10% now. But while the Chinese recovery may be good news for companies like Hahn, it is complicating efforts by Chancellor Angela Merkel's government to diversify trade relations and become less dependent on Asia's rising superpower. Despite Berlin's concerns, German industry is deepening ties with China, which battled the pandemic with stricter measures than other countries, moved out of a first lockdown earlier and saw demand rebound more quickly. Olaf Kiesewetter, CEO of car sensor supplier UST in Thuringia in eastern Germany, shares the same ambition of making 25% of sales in China.

Study: APAC Financial Institutions Embrace AI/ML - Fintech Singapore


In Asia Pacific (APAC), adoption of artificial intelligence (AI) and machine learning (ML) in financial markets is accelerating. Though organizations in the Americas still lead in terms of AI/ML maturity and investment levels, those in APAC follow closely behind, according to a new research by Refinitiv, a leading provider of financial market data and infrastructure. Refinitiv, which surveyed more than 420 data scientists, quants, technology and data decision-makers, found that 69% of respondents in APAC view AI/ML as a core component of their business strategy, and 78% are making significant investment in AI/ML. COVID-19 is expected to further push adoption of AI/ML. According to the study, 31% of respondents in Asia said that AI/ML has become more important in their organization as a result of the pandemic, and 35% anticipate increased investment in AI/ML amid the public health crisis.

Is Beijing Looking to Use AI as a Weapon in Cyberspace and Space? - ClearanceJobs


The Chinese government has continued to enhance its military capabilities and in recent years, it has steadily invested to transform the People's Liberation Army (PLA) into a true world-class fighting force. Earlier this year, the People's Liberation Army Navy (PLAN) became the largest naval force in the world, and China has steadily been working to develop cutting edge aircraft, missiles and even small arms. Another area where Beijing has focused is in cyber warfare, and last month, the National Security Agency (NSA) issued a cybersecurity advisory that warned of Chinese state-sponsored activities targeting American companies, including those that work closely with the U.S. government. The PLA had even operated a special unit, known as PLA Unit 61398, which was believed to have conducted a series of cyber attacks against western companies at the behest of Beijing. In May 2014, the U.S. Department of Justice (DoJ) announced that a Federal grand jury returned an indictment of five 61398 officers for the theft of confidential business information and intellectual property from U.S. commercial firms.

How machine learning was used to decode an ancient Chinese cave - Times of India


The name of the cell, a prosaic Cave 465, does not quite convey the cornucopia of imagery it contains -- angry Tantric deities in frenzied sexual union with their consorts. For decades, researchers have tried figuring out how old the Buddhist cave temple at the Mogao site along the ancient Silk Road in China is. Estimates range from the 9th century to the 14th. But now, the discovery of "hidden" Sanskrit inscriptions on pieces of paper stuck to its ceiling have helped narrow down its origins. On the edge of the Gobi desert, by the Dachuan river, the Mogao Caves have baffled researchers, who have settled on a thousand-year window for when all the 492 caves were carved out of cliffs, one at a long time, starting in the 4th century CE.