AI in cybersecurity: what works and what doesn't


Let's start by dispelling the most common misconception: There is very little if any true artificial intelligence (AI) being incorporated within enterprise security software. The fact that the term comes up frequently is largely to do with marketing, and very little to do with the technology. Pure AI is about reproducing cognitive abilities. That said, machine learning (ML), one of many subsets of artificial intelligence, is being baked into some security software. But even the term machine learning may be employed somewhat optimistically.

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Why AI researchers shouldn't turn their backs on the military


More than 2,400 AI researchers recently signed a pledge promising not to build so-called autonomous weapons--systems that would decide on their own whom to kill. This follows Google's decision not to renew a contract to supply the Pentagon with AI for analysis of drone footage after the company came under pressure from many employees opposed to its work on a project known as Maven. Paul Scharre, the author of a new book, Army of None: Autonomous Weapons and the Future of War, believes that AI researchers need to do more than opt out if they want to bring about change. An Army Ranger in Iraq and Afghanistan and now a senior fellow at the Center for a New American Security, Scharre argues that AI experts should engage with policymakers and military professionals to explain why researchers are concerned and help them understand the limitations of AI systems. Scharre spoke with MITTechnology Review senior editor Will Knight about the best way to halt a potentially dangerous AI arms race.

Machine learning and AI to usher a new era of space exploration


As automation, Machine Learning and AI leave their indelible imprint on multiple and diverse fields, including image analytics, workflow management, construction, autonomous vehicles, agriculture and the future of communication systems, it does seem that very soon these technologies will blast us off to the stratosphere. And the metaphor is quite fitting! AI and Machine Learning solutions are being increasingly researched and implemented in the space sector for a space age of the future, whose mainstay would be advanced robotics and which might resemble a robotic inter-galactic adventure. Application of AI is being extensively researched in the domain of satellite operations, especially in supporting the operational mechanism of huge satellite constellations, which usually includes many facets – relative positioning, communication, if cycle management etc. Machine Learning is being used for analyzing and processing high-resolution satellite imagery and for getting exact and precise visual representations.

Tech Giants Pledge to Ease Patient, Provider Access to Health Data WSJD - Technology

WASHINGTON--Major tech companies committed Monday to removing technological barriers that have hindered patient and provider access to health-care data online. At a Trump administration event focused on developing more health-care apps, companies including Inc., Alphabet Inc. unit Google and Microsoft Corp. said they would "share the common quest to unlock the potential in health care data, to deliver better outcomes at lower costs." That promise would help accelerate what many regard as a coming data-driven revolution in health care, as patients, providers and researchers gain more access to records. It could help the development of more calibrated and cost-effective treatments. Improving communications and data exchanges among health information-technology systems and devices could lead to more than $30 billion a year in savings, according to some estimates.

Foe accused by Maduro says Venezuela military is fracturing

FOX News

BOGOTA, Colombia – The exiled opposition leader accused by Venezuelan authorities of directing a failed plot to assassinate President Nicolas Maduro says the greatest threat to the embattled socialist leader may be his detractors in uniform standing quietly behind him. Julio Borges, who once led Venezuela's opposition-controlled National Assembly, said Tuesday that the arrests of two high-ranking military officers in connection with the attack using drones loaded with plastic explosives is yet another signal that fractures within the nation's armed forces are growing. "The conflict today is within the government -- not just at the political level, but more importantly within the armed forces," Borges said in an interview with The Associated Press in Colombia's capital. His comments came hours after Venezuela's chief prosecutor announced the arrest of Gen. Alejandro Perez and Col. Pedro Zambrano from Venezuela's National Guard as part of the investigation into the Aug. 4 attack. Their alleged roles were not described.

AI Enters the Cyber Attack Realm


Artificial intelligence is one of the most influential forces in information technology. It can help drive cars, fly unmanned aircraft and protect networks. But artificial intelligence also can be a dark force, one that adversaries use to learn new ways to hack systems, shut down networks and deny access to crucial information. The challenge is to prepare for a future where autonomous cyber attacks powered by artificial intelligence (AI) will threaten cyberspace and could endanger human life. This prospect is so significant that the Japanese Cabinet Secretariat tasked with developing the country's cybersecurity initiatives has created a research and development focus group to craft plans to counter cybersecurity threats, including those designed with AI.

Can Artificial Intelligence and 360-Degree Cameras Save Coral Reefs?


Climate change has been bleaching coral reefs, decimating the local marine species that call them home, since at least the first major observations were recorded in the Caribbean in 1980. Thankfully, new A.I. cataloguing designed to identify the geographic regions where coral is still thriving hopes to reverse the trend, saving some of the world's most dense and varied aquatic ecosystems from all-but-certain extinction. There are numerous reasons why we need to care about saving coral reefs, from the ethical to the economic. In addition to housing about a quarter of marine species, these reefs provide $375 billion USD in revenue to the world economy, according to the Guardian, and food security to half a billion people. Without them, researchers say countless species and the entire ocean fishing industry that depends on them would simply evaporate.

The Angle: Kansas Muddle Edition


Naturally: Kris Kobach was the Kansas secretary of state for almost eight years, and it was his job to make sure the state's election procedures were shipshape, Mark Joseph Stern writes. So of course, because Kris Kobach is a disaster, the aftermath of the Aug. 7 primary contest between him and the state's incumbent governor has become a comedy of errors. Fruitless: Does Omarosa have a tape of Donald Trump using the N-word? It doesn't matter, Christina Cauterucci writes. She's got no credibility, for one thing.

AI analysis uncovers coral reefs resistant to climate change


Global warming is destroying Earth's coral reefs -- the colorful underwater ecosystems simply can't survive as the ocean warms and acidifies. However, researchers have now discovered a type of coral off the coast of Indonesia's Sulawesi Island that seems to be resistant to global warming. The discovery could help us ensure at least some of the world's coral reefs survive climate change. As part of 50 Reefs, an initiative designed to identify climate change-resistant corals, researchers spent six weeks in June and July using underwater scooters equipped with 360-degree cameras to take more than 56,000 images of shallow water reefs. In total, they snapped images of 3,851 square kilometers (1,487 square miles) worth of reefs.