Psychiatry/Psychology


Brain-inspired artificial intelligence in robots

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Research groups at KAIST, the University of Cambridge, Japan's National Institute for Information and Communications Technology, and Google DeepMind argue that our understanding of how humans make intelligent decisions has now reached a critical point in which robot intelligence can be significantly enhanced by mimicking strategies that the human brain uses when we make decisions in our everyday lives. In our rapidly changing world, both humans and autonomous robots constantly need to learn and adapt to new environments. But the difference is that humans are capable of making decisions according to the unique situations, whereas robots still rely on predetermined data to make decisions. Despite the rapid progress being made in strengthening the physical capability of robots, their central control systems, which govern how robots decide what to do at any one time, are still inferior to those of humans. In particular, they often rely on pre-programmed instructions to direct their behavior, and lack the hallmark of human behavior, that is, the flexibility and capacity to quickly learn and adapt.


AI May Soon Be Trained To Diagnose Mental Illness The Fix

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Scientists in multiple fields of psychology are actively gathering data and undergoing testing in an effort to teach artificial intelligence programs to diagnose mental illness in humans. This is according to a report in The Verge written by B. David Zarley, who himself has borderline personality disorder, as part of its Real World AI issue. Zarley met with multiple scientists who are each taking their own approach to machine learning in the service of finding a better way to diagnose psychological disorders. Sponsored adThis sponsor paid to have this advertisement placed in this section. The current model, based on referring to the DSM to guide psychiatrists to make diagnoses around a patient's self-reported symptoms, is inherently biased and considered by many in the field of psychology to be flawed.


Data Science For Our Mental Development

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Emotion is a fundamental element of human society. If you think about it, everything worth analyzing is influenced by human behavior. Cyber attacks are highly impacted by disgruntled employees who may either ignore due diligence or engage in insider misuse. The stock market depends on the effect of the economic climate, which itself is dependent on the aggregate behavior of the masses. In the field of communication, it is common knowledge that what we say account for only 7% of the message while the rest 93% is encoded in facial expressions and other non-verbal cues.


Robots and AI to give doctors more time with patients, says report

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Robots, artificial intelligence and smart speakers will ease the burden on doctors and give them more time with patients, according to an NHS report on the pending technological "revolution" in healthcare. Developments in the ability to sequence individuals' genomes – the entirety of their genetic data – will also spur on advances, according to the review published on Monday. The report, led by a US academic, Eric Topol, calls for fresh education for staff, with 90% of all NHS jobs predicted to require digital skills within 20 years. But those who fear robots could edge out human practitioners may be reassured by the review's suggestion that technology will "enhance" professionals, giving them greater time for patients. Smart speakers such as Siri and Alexa are envisioned as having a major impact on care.


Can this technology put an end to bullying?

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Breaking up with your first love is hard to do, but at the age of 18, it was a particularly traumatic experience for Nikki Mattocks. Rather than the clean break she had hoped for, she found herself being bombarded with hateful messages on social media from her ex-boyfriend's friends. One even urged her to kill herself. The messages made me so depressed and led to me taking an overdose," says Mattocks. She is just one of millions of people around the world who have found themselves the victim of bullying.


What Industries are Heavily Leveraging AI App Development?

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Now, it's not difficult to spot businesses across industries applying AI and ML technologies to streamlines their operations and to stay informed for making better decisions. With the right AI experts and right AI app development, nearly every industry can reap the benefits of the technology. Here are 10 industries which will soon be revolutionized by AI. AI and Machine learning have brought in limitless possibilities to the world of manufacturing. Now, these technologies have capabilities to help businesses implement preventive maintenance to timely take care of machinery and equipment, and to avoid any sudden failure or breakdown.


Meet the scientists who are training AI to diagnose mental illness

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Pearl Chiu has jet black hair and a bearing of quiet confidence. She pauses to think before she speaks, and radiates a teacher's joy in discussing her work. She's the only clinically trained psychologist in the lab who has direct experience with patients in a clinical setting, and she arrived at machine learning from a distinctly human place. "As I was seeing, working with, patients, I was just frustrated with how little we knew about what is happening," Chiu says. She believes bringing in machines to detect patterns may be a solution.


New AI tool increases accuracy of schizophrenia diagnosis

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A novel artificial intelligence (AI) enabled tool can help diagnose schizophrenia more accurately than other such systems, according to a study led by an Indian origin scientist. The tool called EMPaSchiz, developed by researchers at the University of Alberta in Canada, examined brain scans from patients who were diagnosed with schizophrenia and predicted the diagnosis with 87 per cent accuracy. The finding, published in the journal NPJ Schizophrenia, follows on a previous study in 2017 in which researchers at IBM and Alberta developed a tool capable of predicting schizophrenia with 74 per cent accuracy. "Schizophrenia is characterised by a constellation of symptoms that might co-occur in patients. Two individuals with the same diagnosis might still present different symptoms. This often leads to misdiagnosis," said Sunil Kalmady, a post-doctoral fellow at the University of Alberta.


This Robot's AI Can Develop Its Own Sense of Self-Awareness

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Humans and other animals possess a very useful awareness of their own bodies. This isn't a philosophical self-awareness that relates to consciousness, but rather a sense of our own physical bodies that is called proprioception. That sense is how you're able to touch your fingertip to your nose, even when your eyes are closed. But, it's a sense that robots haven't been able to develop on their own, until now that Columbia Engineering researchers have created an AI system that can do just that. Awareness of one's own body, and its capabilities, is critical towards adapting to variable situations in the real world.


DeepTech: AI in Drug Discovery

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DeepTech companies combine cutting edge science and advanced engineering with the objective of making a profound impact on humanity. One of the sectors most impacted by DeepTech is AI for Drug Discovery. In the second article in our DeepTech Series, we will focus on AI for Drug Discovery and profile four top tier companies in this sector. Drugs are among the most effective ways to combat disease. Drugs are used to fight cancer, relieve pain, prevent cardiovascular disease, alleviate mental illness, cure infectious disease, and much more.