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Why are Artificial Intelligence systems biased? – IAM Network

#artificialintelligence

A machine-learned AI system used to assess recidivism risks in Broward County, Fla., often gave higher risk scores to African Americans than to whites, even when the latter had criminal records. The popular sentence-completion facility in Google Mail was caught assuming that an "investor" must be a male.A celebrated natural language generator called GPT, with an uncanny ability to write polished-looking essays for any prompt, produced seemingly racist and sexist completions when given prompts about minorities. Amazon found, to its consternation, that an automated AI-based hiring system it built didn't seem to like female candidates.Commercial gender-recognition systems put out by industrial heavy-weights, including Amazon, IBM and Microsoft, have been shown to suffer from high misrecognition rates for people of color. Another commercial face-recognition technology that Amazon tried to sell to government agencies has been shown to have significantly higher error rates for minorities. And a popular selfie lens by Snapchat appears to "whiten" people's faces, apparently to make them more attractive.ADVERTISEMENTThese are not just academic curiosities.


Machine Learning: The Future from the Perspective of Model Building – IAM Network

#artificialintelligence

A good example of this is using specific gestures to raise or lower the volume or to changetracks–instead of pushing buttons to navigate your car's entertainment system. Some companies, such as Arcturus Networks, are building software modules for surveillance cameras and then selling them to camera manufacturers for integration into their end products. These are just a few examples of the types of companies that are popping up with specialties related to application functions. A strategy that is Steering your Business Growth The main driver for us is figuring out how to make open-source technologies easier for our customers to use. The NXP eIQ Machine Learning Software Development Environment is continuously expanding to include model conversion for a wide range of NN frameworks and inference engines, such as TensorFlow Lite and Glow (the PyTorch Compiler).


5 artificial intelligence (AI) types, defined

#artificialintelligence

Artificial Intelligence (AI) is redefining the enterprise's notions about extracting insight from data. Indeed, the vast majority of technology executives (91 percent) and 84 percent of the general public believe that AI is the "next technology revolution," according to Edelman's 2019 Artificial Intelligence (AI) Survey. PwC has predicted that AI could contribute $15.7 trillion to the global economy by 2030. AI, in short, is a pretty big deal. However, it's not a monolithic entity: There are multiple flavors of cognitive capabilities.


Driving anti-money laundering efficiency gains using artificial intelligence - Risk.net

#artificialintelligence

Anti-money laundering (AML) is expensive and labour-intensive, and artificial intelligence (AI) can offer improved efficiency gains. Could they be a match made in heaven? This Risk.net webinar, in association with NICE Actimize, took place amid the strain on banks' back offices driven by the lockdown in response to the global Covid‑19 pandemic, and explores this potential pairing Today's evolving regulatory environment and criminal typologies have influenced AML compliance teams to adopt AI technologies such as machine learning to improve detection and better focus analyst workloads. The marriage of AI to existing compliance processes and risk modelling techniques has the potential to eliminate backlogs and create new efficiencies. But there may be some risks and question marks for those in the early stages of adoption. The strain on many financial institutions has only increased in 2020 due to the unexpected arrival of Covid‑19.


Facebook uses Amazon EC2 to evaluate the Deepfake Detection Challenge

#artificialintelligence

In October 2019, AWS announced that it was working with Facebook, Microsoft, and the Partnership on AI on the first Deepfake Detection Challenge. Deepfake algorithms are the same as the underlying technology that has given us realistic animation effects in movies and video games. Unfortunately, those same algorithms have been used by bad actors to blur the distinction between reality and fiction. Deepfake videos result from using artificial intelligence to manipulate audio and video to make it appear as though someone did or said something they didn't. For more information about deepfake content, see The Partnership on AI Steering Committee on AI and Media Integrity.


I'm playing video games like a caveman during the pandemic. It rules.

Mashable

I was awful at Halo 2. Walking into walls, shooting at air, trapped in an interminable die-respawn-die-respawn loop. This year was about 2005 and my middle school friends hated playing with me online, which was like half of how we entertained ourselves. I was entirely useless beyond comedic value -- I was truly elite at finding novel ways to get killed. I'd get sniped trying, and failing, at doing something as simple as entering the driver seat of Warthog. I wasn't really against video games but I was genuinely bad at shooters and playing online was an exercise in embarrassment.


Save money on the Amazon Echo Spot, now 33 per cent off on Amazon

Daily Mail - Science & tech

July usually sees Amazon's incredibly popular Prime Day sales event. While this epic shopping day may be postponed until to later in the year, you can still grab some incredible discounts on the mega-site. If you're a fan of Amazon's family of devices then you are sure to love the Amazon Echo Spot Alarm Clock. What's more, the Amazon Echo Spot is now on sale on Amazon, reduced to only £79.99- that's a saving of 33 per cent. Get content in one glance- the Amazon Echo Spot allows you to watch video flash briefings, see music lyrics, weather forecasts, to-do and shopping lists- all for £79.99 Shaped like a futuristic alarm clock, the Amazon Echo Spot brings you everything you love about Alexa, in a stylish and compact design.


Stretch is an $18,000 robot that can vacuum your couch

Mashable

Stretch is a robot with a strong grip and it's ready to do your laundry. Hello Robot launched the 50-pound bot on Tuesday. The startup was founded by Google's former robotics director, Aaron Edsinger, and Georgia Tech professor Charlie Kemp, who met at MIT. The helpful robot can be teleoperated from a computer, although Hello Robot says it will eventually work autonomously. With the gripper, 3D camera, laser, and other sensors, and the help of open-source software, you can use the robot to open cabinet doors, grab a coffee cup, wipe down a table, or vacuum the couch.


Tutorial on fairness, accountability, transparency and ethics in computer vision

AIHub

The Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition conference (CVPR) was held virtually on 14-19 June. As well as invited talks, posters and workshops, there were a number of tutorials on a range of topics. Timnit Gebru and Emily Denton were the organisers of one of the tutorials, which covered fairness, accountability, transparency and ethics in computer vision. As the organisers write in the introduction to their tutorial, computer vision is no longer a purely academic endeavour; computer vision systems have been utilised widely across society. Such systems have been applied to law enforcement, border control, employment and healthcare.


Dash Cart: Amazon's smart shopping cart knows what you're getting, displays your subtotal

USATODAY - Tech Top Stories

Amazon has created a smart shopping cart that knows what you're selecting and can charge you for it without a cashier. It's called the "Amazon Dash Cart" and the idea is to make "a quick grocery trip even quicker by allowing you to skip the checkout line," the e-commerce giant said in a post on Tuesday. The Dash Cart largely looks like a typical shopping cart, only bulkier at the bottom. Patrons will use their Amazon account's unique QR code to sign-in to the cart, according to a video the company posted on its website. Then you add your shopping bags to the cart and proceed to shop around the store. The buggy uses computer vision and a sensor to identify which groceries you've selected.