Applied Intelligence manuscript No. (will be inserted by the editor) Abstract The widespread adoption of smartphones dramaticallygenerated by our attacks models when used to harden increases the risk of attacks and the spread the developed anti-malware system improves the detection of mobile malware, especially on the Android platform. Machine learning based solutions have been already Keywords Adversarial machine learning · malware used as a tool to supersede signature based anti-malware detection · poison attacks · adversarial example · systems. However, malware authors leverage attributes jacobian algorithm. Hence, to evaluate the vulnerability of machine 1 Introduction learning algorithms in malware detection, we propose five different attack scenarios to perturb malicious applications Nowadays using the Android application is very popular (apps). Every Android application inappropriately fits discriminant function on has a Jar-like APK format and is an archive file which the set of data points, eventually yielding a higher misclassification contains Android manifest and Classes.dex Further, to distinguish the adversarial manifest file holds information about the application examples from benign samples, we propose two defense structure and each part responsible for certain actions. To validate our For instance, the requested permissions must be accepted attacks and solutions, we test our model on three different by the users for successful installation of applications. We also test our methods The manifest file contains a list of hardware using various classifier algorithms and compare them components and permissions required by each application. Promising results show that generated the manifest file that are useful for running applications. Additionally, evasive variants is saved as the classes.dex In a nutshell, the by presenting some adversary-aware approaches?generated malware sample is statistically identical to a Do we require retraining of the current ML model to designbenign sample. To do so, adversaries adopt adversarial adversary-aware learning algorithms? How to properlymachine learning algorithms (AML) to design an example test and validate the countermeasure solutions inset called poison data which is used to fool machine a real-world network? The goal of this paper is to shedlearning models.