Italy


Mapping Gay-Friendly Cities Through History - Issue 81: Maps

Nautilus

Claudius Ptolemy's monumental astronomy book, the Almagest, established a unified mathematical framework for computing the positions of the sun, moon, stars, and planets at any time in the past, present, or future. So comprehensive and so compelling was the Earth-centered cosmos it described that the Almagest would remain the final word in astronomy for nearly 1,500 years, until it was finally superseded by the sun-centered system of Copernicus and Kepler. Somewhat less well known is that Ptolemy was also the ancient world's greatest geographer and its greatest, or at least most well-respected, astrologer. Indeed, Ptolemy's astrology book, the Tetrabiblos, was still required reading at the University of Bologna when Copernicus studied there a millennium and a half later. Within the Tetrabiblos, Ptolemy's astronomy, astrology, and geography come together in a remarkable discussion of "astral geography."


After Clearview AI scandal, Commission 'in close contact' with EU data authorities

#artificialintelligence

The European Commission is in consultation with EU data protection authorities following the news that US technology firm Clearview AI has scraped more than three billion facial images from social media sites including YouTube, Facebook and Twitter, without obtaining the permission of users. It has also transpired following an investigation by Buzzfeed news that the company wants to expand its service to the European market, with nine European countries including Italy, Greece, and the Netherlands as potential partners. Meanwhile, EURACTIV has been informed by a US official that Clearview AI is not a member of the 2016 EU-US Privacy Shield agreement, which obliges American companies to protect personal data belonging to EU citizens, according to EU standards and consumer rights. Clearview AI has not as yet disclosed whether any of the images have been harvested from EU citizens. If this were to be the case, the software may violate the EU's General Data Protection Regulation, Article 4 (14) of which covers the processing of biometric data.


Mastering Machine Learning Algorithms: Expert techniques for implementing popular machine learning algorithms, fine-tuning your models, and understanding how they work, 2nd Edition: Giuseppe Bonaccorso: 9781838820299: Amazon.com: Books

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Giuseppe Bonaccorso is Head of Data Science in a large multinational company. He received his M.Sc.Eng. in Electronics in 2005 from University of Catania, Italy, and continued his studies at University of Rome Tor Vergata, and University of Essex, UK. His main interests include machine/deep learning, reinforcement learning, big data, and bio-inspired adaptive systems. He is author of several publications including Machine Learning Algorithms and Hands-On Unsupervised Learning with Python, published by Packt.


Gianluca Mauro: Artificial Intelligence Is Ready, People Are Not

#artificialintelligence

Modern technology has observed an immense evolution. Self-driven cars, instant translation, and cell phones that will do anything we need with a simple verbal order, are some examples of artificial intelligence (AI). We have discussed it with Gianluca Mauro, energy engineer, co-author and co-founder together with Nicolò Valigi of the AI Academy, a consulting firm of tech experts with the mission to help business leaders to "understand AI and what to do with it through trainings and coaching, and build successful AI projects with tailored consulting." Gianluca is a Roman, young entrepreneur and speaker, who has the ambitious plan to spread awareness about AI. Considering the many hardships of being young professionals -- especially in Italy -- we talked with him about the academy, the main issues in the Italian educational and professional fields, and prejudices against AI.


Leading Medical Retina Center in Italy Adopts Eyenuk's EyeArt AI Eye Screening System

#artificialintelligence

LOS ANGELES--(BUSINESS WIRE)--Eyenuk Inc., a global artificial intelligence (AI) medical technology and services company and the leader in real-world applications for AI Eye Screening, announced today that the Medical Retina Center and the Diabetic Retinopathy Telescreening Program of the University Eye Clinic of Genoa DINOGMI IRCCS Ospedale Policlinico San Martino, Italy has successfully expanded their diabetic retinopathy (DR) screening program by leveraging the EyeArt AI Eye Screening System. On January 17, 2020, Dr. Donatella Musetti of the Medical Retina Center at the University Eye Clinic of Genoa presented strong EyeArt results on first 712 patients at the Macula in Liguria 2020 Conference. The University Eye Clinic of Genoa is directed by Professor C.E. Traverso and is one of Italy's major cultural and scientific institutions in the Mediterranean and Northwestern Region. "Our Institution is a regional organisation committed to investing in innovation for active and healthy ageing and supporting the transfer and scaling-up of that innovation across Europe," said Massimo Nicolò, MD PhD, associate professor at the University Eye Clinic of Genoa who leads the Medical Retina Center and the Program for Diabetic Retinopathy Telescreening. "For this reason, we are recognized as Reference Site by the European Innovation Program on Active and Healthy Ageing (EIP-AHA) sponsored by the European Commission."


How Starbucks uses AI to counter mobile's isolating effect

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As the voices decrying mobile's negative impacts on people and society grow louder, Starbucks President and CEO Kevin Johnson yesterday urged an audience at the National Retail Federation's Big Show not to be afraid of reinventing the future through technology, but insisted innovation must come with a focus on fostering human interaction. Community is ingrained in Starbucks, which was inspired by founder Howard Schultz's visits to lively espresso bars in Italy, said Stephanie Mehta, Fast Company editor-in-chief and moderator of the session "Nurturing humanity in modern-day retail." As one of the pioneers of leveraging mobile to enhance customer experiences through loyalty, payments and order-ahead tools, Starbucks also understands that sometimes customers just want to quickly pick up their order and get on their way. "We have to boldly reinvent the future," Johnson said. "If mobile internet has created these new scenarios, we embrace that, but we don't do it at the expense of human connection."


The Game-Changing Role Of Artificial Intelligence In Accounting

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Like any other industry, the accounting industry is ever-evolving. We have moved along a lot from the accounting and early auditing systems developed by ancient Egyptians and Babylonians to Luca Pacioli from Italy who was the first one to publish a book on double-entry bookkeeping; followed by the modern chartered accountancy profession that originated in Scotland in the 19th century. Even recently we have seen a major advancement like the forensic audit. So, are you ready to take the next big leap into the future of accounting? If the answer is YES you would now be thinking… "But how?"


8 million books and 65 million articles later, this AI has found the secret to happiness

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The method uses psychological valence norms--values of happiness that can be derived from text--for thousands of words in different languages to compute the relative proportion of positive and negative language for four different nations (the USA, UK, Germany, and Italy). The research team also controlled for the evolution of language, to take into account the fact that some words change their meaning over time.


8 million books and 65 million articles later, this AI has found the secret to happiness

#artificialintelligence

The method uses psychological valence norms--values of happiness that can be derived from text--for thousands of words in different languages to compute the relative proportion of positive and negative language for four different nations (the USA, UK, Germany, and Italy). The research team also controlled for the evolution of language, to take into account the fact that some words change their meaning over time.


Evidence of distrust and disorientation towards immunization on online social media after contrasting political communication on vaccines. Results from an analysis of Twitter data in Italy

arXiv.org Machine Learning

Background. Recently, In Italy the vaccination coverage for key immunizations, as MMR, has been declining, with measles outbreaks. In 2017, the Italian Government expanded the number of mandatory immunizations establishing penalties for families of unvaccinated children. During the 2018 elections campaign, immunization policy entered the political debate, with the government accusing oppositions of fuelling vaccine scepticism. A new government established in 2018 temporarily relaxed penalties and announced the introduction of flexibility. Objectives and Methods. By a sentiment analysis on tweets posted in Italian during 2018, we aimed at (i) characterising the temporal flow of communication on vaccines, (ii) evaluating the usefulness of Twitter data for estimating vaccination parameters, and (iii) investigating whether the ambiguous political communication might have originated disorientation among the public. Results. The population appeared to be mostly composed by "serial twitterers" tweeting about everything including vaccines. Tweets favourable to vaccination accounted for 75% of retained tweets, undecided for 14% and unfavourable for 11%. Twitter activity of the Italian public health institutions was negligible. After smoothing the temporal pattern, an up-and-down trend in the favourable proportion emerged, synchronized with the switch between governments, providing clear evidence of disorientation. Conclusion. The reported evidence of disorientation documents that critical health topics, as immunization, should never be used for political consensus. This is especially true given the increasing role of online social media as information source, which might yield to social pressures eventually harmful for vaccine uptake, and is worsened by the lack of institutional presence on Twitter. This calls for efforts to contrast misinformation and the ensuing spread of hesitancy.