A Survey towards Federated Semi-supervised Learning

Jin, Yilun, Wei, Xiguang, Liu, Yang, Yang, Qiang

arXiv.org Machine Learning 

The success of Artificial Intelligence (AI) should be largely attributed to the accessibility of abundant data. However, this is not exactly the case in reality, where it is common for developers in industry to face insufficient, incomplete and isolated data. Consequently, federated learning was proposed to alleviate such challenges by allowing multiple parties to collaboratively build machine learning models without explicitly sharing their data and in the meantime, preserve data privacy. However, existing algorithms of federated learning mainly focus on examples where, either the data do not require explicit labeling, or all data are labeled. Yet in reality, we are often confronted with the case that labeling data itself is costly and there is no sufficient supply of labeled data. While such issues are commonly solved by semi-supervised learning, to the best of knowledge, no existing effort has been put to federated semi-supervised learning. In this survey, we briefly summarize prevalent semi-supervised algorithms and make a brief prospect into federated semi-supervised learning, including possible methodologies, settings and challenges.

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