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Inductive Learning

Python codes for types of Classification Algorithms


These classification algorithms are used for the calculation of metrics accuracy of the data by using python. The Classification algorithm is a Supervised Learning technique that is used to identify the category of new observations on the basis of training data. Classification can be performed on structured or unstructured data. Classification is a technique where we categorize data into a given number of classes. The main goal of a classification problem is to identify the category/class to which new data will fall.

Why Causality in Machine Learning is an Problem?, Malick Sarr


However, in practice, distributions frequently shift due to factors that cannot be explored or controlled in the training data. Convolutional neural networks trained on millions of photos, for example, might fail when seeing things in new lighting conditions, from slightly altered angles, or against new backdrops. Attempts to resolve these issues include training machine learning models on more samples. However, as the environment becomes more complicated, adding additional training instances becomes impractical to cover the entire distribution.

Machine Learning Bootcamp: SVM,Kmeans,KNN,LinReg,PCA,DBS


The course covers Machine Learning in exhaustive way. The presentations and hands-on practical are made such that it's made easy. The knowledge gained through this tutorial series can be applied to various real world scenarios. UnSupervised learning does not require to supervise the model. Instead, it allows the model to work on its own to discover patterns and information that was previously undetected. It mainly deals with the unlabeled data.

Grokking self-supervised (representation) learning: how it works in computer vision and why


Self-Supervised Learning (SSL) is a pre-training alternative to transfer learning. Even though SSL emerged from massive NLP datasets, it has also shown significant progress in computer vision. Self-supervised learning in computer vision started from pretext tasks like rotation, jigsaw puzzles or even video ordering. All of these methods were formulating hand-crafted classification problems to generate labels without human annotators. Because many application domains are deprived of human labels. To this end, self-supervised learning is one way to transfer weights. By pretraining your model on labels that are artificially produced from the data.

How to choose the best training instance on SageMaker


Like EC2 instances, Amazon offers a variety of instances for training in SageMaker. Based on CPU cores, memory size and presence of GPUs, they come with different on-demand prices. A complete list can be found at Amazon SageMaker Pricing Page. From my point of view, too many choices is as bad as having none or limited choices, when you don't have a clear idea how to choose. How do you handle the overwhelm of choosing an appropriate instance type for your training task on SageMaker?

(Self-)Supervised Pre-training? Self-training? Which one to use?


Recently, pre-training has been a hot topic in Computer Vision (and also NLP), especially one of the breakthroughs in NLP -- BERT, which proposed a method to train an NLP model by using a "self-supervised" signal. In short, we come up with an algorithm that can generate a "pseudo-label" itself (meaning a label that is true for a specific task), then we treat the learning task as a supervised learning task with the generated pseudo-label. It is commonly called "Pretext Task". For example, BERT uses mask word prediction to train the model (we can then say it is a pre-trained model after it is trained), then fine-tune the model with the task we want (usually called "Downstream Task"), e.g. The mask word prediction is to randomly mask a word in the sentence, and ask the model to predict what is that word given the sentence.

Modeling Pipeline Optimization With scikit-learn


This tutorial presents two essential concepts in data science and automated learning. One is the machine learning pipeline, and the second is its optimization. These two principles are the key to implementing any successful intelligent system based on machine learning. A machine learning pipeline can be created by putting together a sequence of steps involved in training a machine learning model. It can be used to automate a machine learning workflow.

The Importance of Open-Source ML Datasets


'Data is the new oil' is an over-marketed quote, but one that is certainly true when it comes to machine learning (ML). In an ML world dominated by supervised learning techniques, having access to high-quality labeled datasets is essential to advance ML research and practical implementations. However, labeled datasets are computationally expensive to produce and remain a privilege of large companies, which increases the gap between the "haves" and the "have nots" in the ML space. Beyond the impact in the economics of the ML market, access to high-quality datasets is fundamental to advance research in different ML fields. Datasets such as ImageNet were kind of a Sputnik moment (we mean the first artificial satellite) in ML, sparking remarkable breakthroughs in computer vision.

Popular Machine learning algorithms


Machine learning algorithms are programs that can gain from information and improve from experience, without human intercession. Learning tasks may incorporate learning the function that maps the input directly to the output, learning the concealed structure in unlabeled information; or instance-based learning, where a class name is delivered for another instance by looking at the new case (column) to cases from the training information, which were put away in memory. In case you are willing to master these algorithms, join a course to learn machine learning in India and get exposure to machine learning tools, algorithms and their real-time usage. There are three kinds of Machine Learning strategies, i.e. -reinforcement learning, unsupervised learning, and unsupervised learning. It is one of the most famous AI algorithms being used today; this one is a supervised learning algorithm that is utilized for classifying issues. In this algorithm, we split the populace into at least two homogeneous sets dependent on the most noteworthy traits/free factors.