If you are looking for an answer to the question What is Artificial Intelligence? and you only have a minute, then here's the definition the Association for the Advancement of Artificial Intelligence offers on its home page: "the scientific understanding of the mechanisms underlying thought and intelligent behavior and their embodiment in machines."
However, if you are fortunate enough to have more than a minute, then please get ready to embark upon an exciting journey exploring AI (but beware, it could last a lifetime) …
This ease has spurred an increasing interest from professionals, the general public, and consequently politicians to make publicly available the tremendous wealth of information kept in museums, archives, and libraries--the so-called memory organizations. Quite naturally, their development has focused on presentation, such as web sites and interfaces to their local databases. Now with more and more information becoming available, there is an increasing demand for targeted global search, comparative studies, data transfer, and data migration between heterogeneous sources of cultural contents. The reality of semantic interoperability is getting frustrating. In the cultural area alone, dozens of standard and hundreds of proprietary metadata and data structures exist as well as hundreds of terminology systems.
In a book written in 1964, God and Golem: Inc., Norbert Wiener predicted that the quest to construct computermodeled artificial intelligence (AI) would come to impinge directly upon some of our most widely and deeply held religious and ethical values. It is certainly true that the idea of mind as artifact, the idea of a humanly constructed artificial intelligence, forces us to confront our image of ourselves. In the theistic tradition of Judeo-Christian culture, a tradition that is, to a large extent: our "fate," we were created in the Such is the scenario envisaged by some of the classic science fiction of the past, Shelley's Frankenstein, or the Modern Prometheus and the Capek brothers' R. U.R. (for Rossom's Universal Robots) being notable examples. Both seminal works share the view that Pamela McCorduck (1979) in her work Machines Who Think calls the "Hebraic" attitude toward the AI enterprise. In contrast to what she calls the "Hellenic" fascination with, and openness toward, AI, the Hebraic attitude has been one of fear and warning: "You shall not make for yourself a graven image..." I don't think that the basic outline of Franl%enstein needs to be recapitulated here, even if, The possibility of constructing a personal AI raises many ethical the fear that we might succeed, perhaps it is the fear that we might create a Frankenstein, or perhaps it is the fear that we might become eclipsed, in a strange Oedipal drama, by our own creation.
As an artificial intelligence researcher, I often come across the idea that many people are afraid of what AI might bring. It's perhaps unsurprising, given both history and the entertainment industry, that we might be afraid of a cybernetic takeover that forces us to live locked away, "Matrix"-like, as some sort of human battery. And yet it is hard for me to look up from the evolutionary computer models I use to develop AI, to think about how the innocent virtual creatures on my screen might become the monsters of the future. Might I become "the destroyer of worlds," as Oppenheimer lamented after spearheading the construction of the first nuclear bomb? I would take the fame, I suppose, but perhaps the critics are right.
TOMORROW is Christmas, a day that carries religious as well as secular significance in the western world. For Christians, the day is celebrated as the day on which Jesus Christ was born in a manger as the son of God, of virgin birth to two young people, Mary and Joseph. Christmas is preceded by the period of Advent, a four-week period during which there is a spiritual preparation for the coming of Christ and much foretelling of the birth of baby Jesus. For individuals of more secular persuasion, the day is the cumulation of a period of anticipatory joy, punctuated by extensive shopping (consumerism), decoration of house and home, the purchasing of gifts for friends, family, and loved ones, and preparation of food and drink for the family gathering that brings together many from both near and far. The two approaches to the season are not, however, mutually exclusive.
NASA has called a press conference to reveal a breakthrough discovery from its alien-hunting Kepler telescope. The discovery was driven by Google's machine-learning artificial intelligence software. The announcement will be live-streamed on NASA's website, according to a press release. It will take place Thursday, December 14, at 1 p.m. EST. NASA's Kepler space telescope has been searching for habitable planets since 2009.
Global competition to be the country with the most sophisticated AI will be the cause of the next world war, Musk predicts. His comment was responding to a story about Russian president Vladimir Putin predicting the country winning in artificial intelligence "will be the ruler of the world." Musk posted the warning with a photo of a poster that read "in the end, the machines will win." "I have exposure to the most cutting edge AI, and I think people should be really concerned by it," Musk said at the National Governors Association. "AI is a fundamental risk to the existence of human civilization in a way that car accidents, airplane crashes, faulty drugs or bad food were not -- they were harmful to a set of individuals within society, of course, but they were not harmful to society as a whole."
Elon Musk has been very vocal about his concerns over artificial intelligence, and now the Tesla and SpaceX CEO has quantified his worries. In a recent talk, Musk claimed that efforts to make AI safe only have'a five to 10 per cent chance of success.' The warning comes shortly after Musk claimed that regulation of artificial intelligence was drastically needed because it's a'fundamental risk to the existence of human civilisation.' Elon Musk has been very vocal about his concerns over artificial intelligence, and now the Tesla and SpaceX CEO has quantified his worries. In a recent talk, Musk claimed that efforts to make AI safe only have'a five to 10 per cent chance of success' Elon Musk's latest company Neuralink is working to link the human brain with a machine interface by creating micron-sized devices.
One major theme that's been running through science fiction recently is the rise of artificial intelligence and the impact that might have on humanity. As we continue to improve upon and refine machine learning, it seems inevitable that the development of a true AI will occur at some point. And consensus is that, once it does, humans will probably be in a bit of trouble. The four books on this list deal with common themes: intelligent robots that are contemplating the nature of their existence, and malevolent AI that seek the destruction of humanity (and the link between the two). When it comes to machine intelligence, we will reap what we sow, as these novels make evidently clear.
Opinion: just what exactly is Artificial Intelligence and why is it so important? The first official use of the term Artificial Intelligence (AI) was in the proposal for the 1956 Dartmouth Summer Research Project on Artificial Intelligence. That six week workshop marked the birth of the field of study of AI and the organisers - John McCarthy, Marvin Minsky, Nathaniel Rochester and Claude Shannon - and conference attendees led the way for many years. At the beginning, the focus was on developing computational systems that had the capacity for the human abilities that are traditionally associated with intelligence. These included language use, mathematics and self-improvement on tasks through experience (learning) and planning (for example in games such as chess).
Artificial Intelligence ( AI) has taken over almost every aspect of our existence. We are slowly moving towards a society that works hand in hand with machines capable of making simple decisions. From self-driving cars to automatic vacuum bots, we are steadily tying our existence to machines. But, humans designed the AI machines and will always have the upper hand. A chink-less AI has not been created and we find computer hacking enthusiasts constantly getting the better of computer programs specifically designed to keep them out.