Misinformation woes could multiply with 'deepfake' videos

Daily Mail - Science & tech 

If you see a video of a politician speaking words he never would utter, or a Hollywood star improbably appearing in a cheap adult movie, don't adjust your television set -- you may just be witnessing the future of'fake news.' 'Deepfake' videos that manipulate reality are becoming more sophisticated due to advances in artificial intelligence, creating the potential for new kinds of misinformation with devastating consequences. As the technology advances, worries are growing about how deepfakes can be used for nefarious purposes by hackers or state actors. Paul Scharre of the Center for a New American Security looks at a'deepfake' video of former US President Barack Obama manipulated to show him speaking words from actor Jordan Peele on January 24, 2019, in Washington'We're not quite to the stage where we are seeing deepfakes weaponized, but that moment is coming,' Robert Chesney, a University of Texas law professor who has researched the topic, told AFP. Chesney argues that deepfakes could add to the current turmoil over disinformation and influence operations. 'A well-timed and thoughtfully scripted deepfake or series of deepfakes could tip an election, spark violence in a city primed for civil unrest, bolster insurgent narratives about an enemy's supposed atrocities, or exacerbate political divisions in a society,' Chesney and University of Maryland professor Danielle Citron said in a blog post for the Council on Foreign Relations.