DARPA's explainable AI (XAI) program: A retrospective


Dramatic success in machine learning has created an explosion of new AI capabilities. Continued advances promise to produce autonomous systems that perceive, learn, decide, and act on their own. These systems offer tremendous benefits, but their effectiveness will be limited by the machine's inability to explain its decisions and actions to human users. This issue is especially important for the United States Department of Defense (DoD), which faces challenges that require the development of more intelligent, autonomous, and reliable systems. XAI will be essential for users to understand, appropriately trust, and effectively manage this emerging generation of artificially intelligent partners.