Philosophy


Consciousness And The Inter Mind

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We Do Not See Objects We Detect Objects. 10 Arguments For The Conscious Mind. 4 Arguments For The Inter Mind. What Is And Where Is Conscious Space. 10 Developing An Artificial Inter Mind. 10 Conscious Artificial Intelligence Using The Inter Mind Model. 10 Human Consciousness Transfer Using The Inter Mind Model. 10 Reality Is A Simulation Using The Inter Mind Model. 10 If A Tree Falls In A Forest Using The Inter Mind Model. 10 The Big Bang happens and a new Universe is created. This Universe consists of Matter, Energy, and Space. After billions of years of complicated interactions and processes the Matter, Energy, and Space produce a planet with Conscious Life Forms (CLFs). In the course of their evolution the CLFs will need to See each other in order to live and interact with each other. But what does it really mean to See? A CLF is first of all a Physical Thing. There is no magic power that just lets a CLF See another CLF.


Opinion 'There's Just No Doubt That It Will Change the World': David Chalmers on V.R. and A.I.

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Over the past two decades, the philosopher David Chalmers has established himself as a leading thinker on consciousness. He began his academic career in mathematics but slowly migrated toward cognitive science and philosophy of mind. He eventually landed at Indiana University working under the guidance of Douglas Hofstadter, whose influential book "Gödel, Escher, Bach: An Eternal Golden Braid" had earned him a Pulitzer Prize. Chalmers's dissertation, "Toward a Theory of Consciousness," grew into his first book, "The Conscious Mind" (1996), which helped revive the philosophical conversation on consciousness. Perhaps his best-known contribution to philosophy is "the hard problem of consciousness" -- the problem of explaining subjective experience, the inner movie playing in every human mind, which in Chalmers's words will "persist even when the performance of all the relevant functions is explained."


Neuroscience Readies for a Showdown Over Consciousness Ideas Quanta Magazine

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Some problems in science are so hard, we don't really know what meaningful questions to ask about them -- or whether they are even truly solvable by science. Consciousness is one of those: Some researchers think it is an illusion; others say it pervades everything. Some hope to see it reduced to the underlying biology of neurons firing; others say that it is an irreducibly holistic phenomenon. The question of what kinds of physical systems are conscious "is one of the deepest, most fascinating problems in all of science," wrote the computer scientist Scott Aaronson of the University of Texas at Austin. "I don't know of any philosophical reason why [it] should be inherently unsolvable" -- but "humans seem nowhere close to solving it." Now a new project currently under review hopes to close in on some answers. It proposes to draw up a suite of experiments that will expose theories of consciousness to a merciless spotlight, in the hope of ruling out at least some of them.


Artificial intelligence: can machines think?

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Computers have already taken over many things that used to be done by people. But how far can this go and is it a good thing? This talk will deal with a little history of how computing and psychology have developed together as well as with what's happening now. We'll end with a discussion of what might happen in the future and what that may mean for how we live our lives.


'Hacking Darwin' Explores Genetic Engineering -- And What It Means To Be Human

NPR Technology

Your purchase helps support NPR programming. We all know that the world is changing. But do we know where it is going? That being the case, how can we control where it is going? And who is the "we" in control?


Big Nine: How the Tech Titans and Their Thinking Machines Could Warp Humanity

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A call-to-arms about the broken nature of artificial intelligence, and the powerful corporations that are turning the human-machine relationship on its head. We like to think that we are in control of the future of "artificial" intelligence. The reality, though, is that we--the everyday people whose data powers AI--aren't actually in control of anything. When, for example, we speak with Alexa, we contribute that data to a system we can't see and have no input into--one largely free from regulation or oversight. The big nine corporations--Amazon, Google, Facebook, Tencent, Baidu, Alibaba, Microsoft, IBM and Apple--are the new gods of AI and are short-changing our futures to reap immediate financial gain.


The meta-problem and the transfer of knowledge between theories of consciousness: a software engineer's take

arXiv.org Artificial Intelligence

This contribution examines two radically different explanations of our phenomenal intuitions, one reductive and one strongly non-reductive, and identifies two germane ideas that could benefit many other theories of consciousness. Firstly, the ability of sophisticated agent architectures with a purely physical implementation to support certain functional forms of qualia or proto-qualia appears to entail the possibility of machine consciousness with qualia, not only for reductive theories but also for the nonreductive ones that regard consciousness as ubiquitous in Nature. Secondly, analysis of introspective psychological material seems to hint that, under the threshold of our ordinary waking awareness, there exist further'submerged' or'subliminal' layers of consciousness which constitute a hidden foundation and support and another source of our phenomenal intuitions. These'submerged' layers might help explain certain puzzling phenomena concerning subliminal perception, such as the apparently'unconscious' multisensory integration and learning of subliminal stimuli. As a researcher in intelligent technologies, I have long been interested in scholarly debates about consciousness.


Scientists discover brain patterns of human consciousness

Daily Mail - Science & tech

Humans have learned to travel through space, eradicate diseases and understand nature at the breathtakingly tiny level of fundamental particles. Yet we have no idea how consciousness – our ability to experience and learn about the world in this way and report it to others – arises in the brain. In fact, while scientists have been preoccupied with understanding consciousness for centuries, it remains one of the most important unanswered questions of modern neuroscience. Now our new study, published in Science Advances, sheds light on the mystery by uncovering networks in the brain that are at work when we are conscious. Humans have learned to travel through space, eradicate diseases and understand nature at the breathtakingly tiny level of fundamental particles.


How Can Leaders Ensure Humanity in a World of Thinking Machines?

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It's hard to avoid the prominence of AI in our lives, and there is a plethora of predictions about how it will influence our future. In their new book Solomon's Code: Humanity in a World of Thinking Machines, co-authors Olaf Groth, Professor of Strategy, Innovation and Economics at HULT International Business School and CEO of advisory network Cambrian.ai, I caught up with the authors about how the continued integration between technology and humans, and their call for a "Digital Magna Carta," a broadly-accepted charter developed by a multi-stakeholder congress that would help guide the development of advanced technologies to harness their power for the benefit of all humanity. Lisa Kay Solomon: Your new book, Solomon's Code, explores artificial intelligence and its broader human, ethical, and societal implications that all leaders need to consider. AI is a technology that's been in development for decades.


Towards a Science of Mind

arXiv.org Artificial Intelligence

Doing this requires a consistent terminology that makes principled distinctions, and that allows clear operationalization of the different concepts that a science of emotion will use." The study of emotion and its subjective partner feelings is an instance of the brain/mind problem and the need for a consistent terminology extends to the general case considered here. There are many other disciplines and practices concerned with the human mind and the foundations for scientific study are not always clear. For example, a statement that a spider or a robot has a mind could be a scientific or a definitional assertion.