Philosophy


Young pioneers on their hopes for technology, and older trailblazers on their regrets

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A few years ago I became fascinated with the science of human consciousness. The so-called "hard problem" of consciousness, which asks how an inner subjective experience could arise from the physical activity of the brain, is one of the biggest enigmas in the universe. I was highly intrigued by philosophers who claimed that the standard view of the world put forward by scientists--the notion that everything can be reduced to units of matter or physical material--was incomplete because it couldn't accommodate the phenomenon of consciousness. I began to read about perspectives on consciousness, as well as the nature of reality, from a wide variety of fields, including neuroscience, philosophy, physics, and spirituality. It became clear to me that we need to discover an entirely new field of science in order to truly explain consciousness.


Artificial Intelligence Is Growing Up Fast: What's Next For Thinking Machines? - Liwaiwai

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Our lives are already enhanced by AI – or at least an AI in its infancy – with technologies using algorithms that help them to learn from our behaviour. As AI grows up and starts to think, not just to learn, we ask how human-like do we want their intelligence to be and what impact will machines have on our jobs? We are well on the way to a world in which many aspects of our daily lives will depend on AI systems. Within a decade, machines might diagnose patients with the learned expertise of not just one doctor but thousands. They might make judiciary recommendations based on vast datasets of legal decisions and complex regulations.


Duplication vs. Simulation

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There is still much confusion about this point in the AI community. With this article, I want to present my view on the relationship between duplication and simulation, because it is of great importance that there is clarity here. In one of my previous articles (in German), "Können Maschinen menschliches Bewusstsein hervorbringen?", von Neumann briefly touched on the subject by expressing his skepticism about the possibility of using a computer to duplicate the activities of the human brain. Now we will try to get to the bottom of this question a little more thoroughly. The philosopher John Searle has attached great importance to this point by explaining that a simulation is not duplication and that a machine cannot duplicate human thought, but at best, simulate it.


Consciousness And The Inter Mind

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We Do Not See Objects We Detect Objects. 10 Arguments For The Conscious Mind. 4 Arguments For The Inter Mind. What Is And Where Is Conscious Space. 10 Developing An Artificial Inter Mind. 10 Conscious Artificial Intelligence Using The Inter Mind Model. 10 Human Consciousness Transfer Using The Inter Mind Model. 10 Reality Is A Simulation Using The Inter Mind Model. 10 If A Tree Falls In A Forest Using The Inter Mind Model. 10 The Big Bang happens and a new Universe is created. This Universe consists of Matter, Energy, and Space. After billions of years of complicated interactions and processes the Matter, Energy, and Space produce a planet with Conscious Life Forms (CLFs). In the course of their evolution the CLFs will need to See each other in order to live and interact with each other. But what does it really mean to See? A CLF is first of all a Physical Thing. There is no magic power that just lets a CLF See another CLF.


Consciousness And The Inter Mind

#artificialintelligence

We Do Not See Objects We Detect Objects. 10 Arguments For The Conscious Mind. 4 Arguments For The Inter Mind. What Is And Where Is Conscious Space. 10 Developing An Artificial Inter Mind. 10 Conscious Artificial Intelligence Using The Inter Mind Model. 10 Human Consciousness Transfer Using The Inter Mind Model. 10 Reality Is A Simulation Using The Inter Mind Model. 10 If A Tree Falls In A Forest Using The Inter Mind Model. 10 The Big Bang happens and a new Universe is created. This Universe consists of Matter, Energy, and Space. After billions of years of complicated interactions and processes the Matter, Energy, and Space produce a planet with Conscious Life Forms (CLFs). In the course of their evolution the CLFs will need to See each other in order to live and interact with each other. But what does it really mean to See? A CLF is first of all a Physical Thing. There is no magic power that just lets a CLF See another CLF.


Opinion 'There's Just No Doubt That It Will Change the World': David Chalmers on V.R. and A.I.

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Over the past two decades, the philosopher David Chalmers has established himself as a leading thinker on consciousness. He began his academic career in mathematics but slowly migrated toward cognitive science and philosophy of mind. He eventually landed at Indiana University working under the guidance of Douglas Hofstadter, whose influential book "Gödel, Escher, Bach: An Eternal Golden Braid" had earned him a Pulitzer Prize. Chalmers's dissertation, "Toward a Theory of Consciousness," grew into his first book, "The Conscious Mind" (1996), which helped revive the philosophical conversation on consciousness. Perhaps his best-known contribution to philosophy is "the hard problem of consciousness" -- the problem of explaining subjective experience, the inner movie playing in every human mind, which in Chalmers's words will "persist even when the performance of all the relevant functions is explained."


Neuroscience Readies for a Showdown Over Consciousness Ideas Quanta Magazine

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Some problems in science are so hard, we don't really know what meaningful questions to ask about them -- or whether they are even truly solvable by science. Consciousness is one of those: Some researchers think it is an illusion; others say it pervades everything. Some hope to see it reduced to the underlying biology of neurons firing; others say that it is an irreducibly holistic phenomenon. The question of what kinds of physical systems are conscious "is one of the deepest, most fascinating problems in all of science," wrote the computer scientist Scott Aaronson of the University of Texas at Austin. "I don't know of any philosophical reason why [it] should be inherently unsolvable" -- but "humans seem nowhere close to solving it." Now a new project currently under review hopes to close in on some answers. It proposes to draw up a suite of experiments that will expose theories of consciousness to a merciless spotlight, in the hope of ruling out at least some of them.


Artificial intelligence: can machines think?

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Computers have already taken over many things that used to be done by people. But how far can this go and is it a good thing? This talk will deal with a little history of how computing and psychology have developed together as well as with what's happening now. We'll end with a discussion of what might happen in the future and what that may mean for how we live our lives.


'Hacking Darwin' Explores Genetic Engineering -- And What It Means To Be Human

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Your purchase helps support NPR programming. We all know that the world is changing. But do we know where it is going? That being the case, how can we control where it is going? And who is the "we" in control?


Big Nine: How the Tech Titans and Their Thinking Machines Could Warp Humanity

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A call-to-arms about the broken nature of artificial intelligence, and the powerful corporations that are turning the human-machine relationship on its head. We like to think that we are in control of the future of "artificial" intelligence. The reality, though, is that we--the everyday people whose data powers AI--aren't actually in control of anything. When, for example, we speak with Alexa, we contribute that data to a system we can't see and have no input into--one largely free from regulation or oversight. The big nine corporations--Amazon, Google, Facebook, Tencent, Baidu, Alibaba, Microsoft, IBM and Apple--are the new gods of AI and are short-changing our futures to reap immediate financial gain.