Law


Science fiction gets criminal

Los Angeles Times

People live clustered in cities, protected from the outside world. Are Marta's husband's deeds catching up with her, or does someone else in the group have a secret? Locked-room mysteries go back to the earliest crime fiction (Edgar Allan Poe's "The Murders In the Rue Morgue" was published in 1841) and this is an excellent addition to the sub-genre. In the future, when cloning is legal, people have additional bodies at the ready; their memories can be downloaded to their new hosts in a snap.


Facebook strategist rejects PM's claim over extremist material

The Guardian

Artificial intelligence programs are being created to identify such material, and hundreds of people are employed to search for content that should be removed, said Brian Fishman, who manages the company's global counter-terrorism policy. "Because of the way end-to-end encryption works, we can't read the contents of individual encrypted messages on, say, WhatsApp, but we do respond quickly to appropriate and legal law enforcement requests. "We do respond quickly to appropriate and legal law enforcement requests," he said. Asked whether metadata is shared following such requests, he said: "There is some limited data that's available, and WhatsApp is working to help law enforcement understand how it responds to their requests, especially in emergency situations."


Self-Driving Cars Will Kill People. Who Decides Who Dies?

WIRED

Someone will have to propose (or, at least, accept when an algorithm proposes) an explicit, unambiguous rule for when to pull the lever, push the heavy man, or swerve into the café. Attorneys have even invented an adage to make this abrogation seem responsible: "Hard cases make bad law," it's said. In truth, the lawyers-will-save-us argument has the direction of causality backwards: The impact of the law will not be felt upon the trolley problem; rather, the impact of the trolley problem, and its solution, will be felt upon the law -- for example, in how juries are instructed to determine whether someone behaved reasonably. Hard cases don't make bad law, they make bad jurists, ones who are afraid to admit that their reasoning is often driven by selfishness, sentimentality, or social pressures.


The AI Surge: Coming Soon to a Legal Department Near You

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The Future of Artificial Intelligence Examine the current state of artificial intelligence and explore the future AI roadmap in this second installment of the exclusive AI series by Thomson Reuters. Guide to Conducting Internal Investigations Internal investigations have increasingly become recognized as a key element of good corporate governance. Sexual Harassment Prevention Training for Employees Be proactive and avoid sexual harassment in the workplace by downloading this sample harassment policy and training presentation to properly prepare your employees. Predictive Coding in a Regulatory Investigation: A Case Study A case study on how a multi-national financial institution leveraged predictive modeling to respond to a regulatory investigation into its sales, marketing and trading behavior.


AI system will soon be able to tell you how to vote

Daily Mail

Scientists have created an artificial intelligence robot called Nigel that will soon be able to assist users in making political decisions. According to Kimera's website, Nigel will learn about its user's goals, and proactively offer assistance in achieving them (map of this process pictured) Earlier this year, researchers created an algorithm based on a neural network, which tries to simulate the way the brain works in order to learn. While you might think that trusting robots with political decisions is a risk, Mr Shita says that he thinks Nigel will make politics fairer. According to Kimera's website, Nigel will learn about its user's goals, and proactively offer assistance in achieving them.


How Machine Learning Trains AI to be Sexist (by Accident)

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A University of Washington research team studied how computer vision algorithms handled gender predictions based on an image data set. Using a classic set of images typical in AI predictive experiments, the AI neural network predicted women to be doing traditionally "female" tasks in the images. It's not stellar that the neural network predicts that women are 33% more likely to appear in the kitchen/cooking. After all, machine bias is human bias given how machine learning works in its current iteration.


Prediction of crime occurrence from multi-modal data using deep learning

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Furthermore, a few recent studies have employed crime-occurrence report data as well as additional crime occurrence information from multiple domains such as demographics, housing, economics, education, and weather [1, 8–17]. To provide environmental context information for our prediction model, we used image data collected from Google Street View. We collected crime occurrence reports from the City of Chicago Data Portal; demographic, housing, education, and economic information from American FactFinder; and weather data from the Weather Underground. The DNN we employed in our method consists of the following four layer groups: spatial, temporal, environmental context, and joint feature representation layers.


Waymo seeks $2.6 billion in damages from Uber for alleged use of one trade secret

Los Angeles Times

Waymo is seeking $2.6 billion in damages for just one of the nine self-driving car trade secrets it claims Uber put to use, lawyers disclosed at a hearing in federal court in San Francisco. The damage estimate came out as Waymo's lawyers on Wednesday bolstered their case with new, last-minute evidence showing that thousands of confidential Waymo files ended up on the personal computer of a top-level Uber engineer. Waymo claims Levandowski took 14,000 confidential Waymo documents before leaving to found self-driving trucking start-up Otto. Uber then bought Otto, which Waymo claims gave Uber access to those pilfered Waymo trade secrets.


Is Artificial Intelligence Ready for Financial Compliance? - Corporate Compliance Insights

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In simple terms, artificial intelligence enables computer systems to perform tasks that require human intelligence; intelligence is the key word. Today, ML is used in many narrow compliance applications, including risk detection models and other event classification use cases. Most artificially intelligent systems use a combination of machine learning applications and techniques along with rule-based systems (to be fully interactive). And this is a good thing, because while smart machines and complex algorithms can process a lot of data to automate and perform some human tasks faster, there are limitations.


Quantum-Veritone Artificial Intelligence Solution Wins IBC2017 NewBay Best of Show Award

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Forward-looking statements include, without limitation, 1) benefits and value to customers from aiWARE for Xcellis solutions and 2) customer demand for and Quantum's future revenue from such solutions. These statements involve known and unknown risks, uncertainties and other factors that may cause Quantum's actual results to differ materially from those implied by the forward-looking statement, including unexpected changes in the Company's business. More detailed information about these risk factors, and additional risk factors, are set forth in Quantum's periodic filings with the Securities and Exchange Commission, including, but not limited to, those risks and uncertainties listed in the section entitled "Risk Factors," in Quantum's Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission on August 9, 2017. Quantum expressly disclaims any obligation to update or alter its forward-looking statements, whether as a result of new information, future events or otherwise, except as required by applicable law.