As a medical student, I struggle to get the ophthalmoscope focused on the back of the eye, much less identify the optic disc and evaluate if it is abnormal. Wouldn't it be helpful to get some AI assistance with my fundoscopy? As technology continues to advance and permeate the modern healthcare system, we have to assess what these tools can and cannot do, and how well they can do them. Can a computer read X-rays? Can a robot perform surgery?
A drone has begun delivering urgent medical supplies to a hospital on the Isle of Wight off the south coast of England. The trial is part of a government project to develop a transport system that allows manned and unmanned aircraft to operate safely in the same airspace. And it could have significant implications for the delivery of humanitarian aid to isolated areas.
Can you trust a robot with your life? Apparently you can! Robots such as the da Vinci surgical robot can help medical professionals in the operating room and the scope of this extends beyond surgical applications. With the global medical robotics market expected to reach $20 billion by 2023, robots in healthcare are set to perform many different tasks. They are already helping doctors treat patients in rural areas with telepresence, providing medical supplies, sterilising hospital rooms, helping patients with rehabilitation or with prosthetics, and automating labs and packaging medical devices. Besides, there's the micro-bot that can deliver therapy to a specific part of the body, such as radiation to a tumour or cure bacterial infections.
Their most recent research results, published in the journal Nature Machine Intelligence, suggest that autonomous systems like the image-guided robotic device could outperform people on some complex medical tasks. Medical robots could reduce injuries and improve the efficiency and outcomes of procedures, as well as carry out tasks with minimal supervision when resources are limited. This would allow health care professionals to focus more on other critical aspects of medical care and enable emergency medical providers to bring advanced interventions and resuscitation efforts to remote and resource-limited areas. "Using volunteers, models and animals, our team showed that the device can accurately pinpoint blood vessels, improving success rates and procedure times compared with expert health care professionals, especially with difficult to access blood vessels," said senior author Martin L. Yarmush, Paul & Mary Monroe Chair & Distinguished Professor in the Department of Biomedical Engineering in the School of Engineering at Rutgers University-New Brunswick. Getting access to veins, arteries and other blood vessels is a critical first step in many diagnostic and therapeutic procedures.
Artificial intelligence (AI) systems are evolving at a breakneck pace, and have already made remarkable advances in successfully replicating repetitive and complex tasks, offering unique insights making it possible for product developers to focus on the more nuanced aspects. AI-based programmes can acquire information, sort and process the data logically, use known variables to form solutions, recognise the mistakes and correct them, improving the quality of product design. AI and related technologies have already become a major draw in healthcare industry with the potential to transform patient care as well as administrative processes by automating tasks and achieving faster results. According to a report by Zion Market Research, Global Artificial Intelligence (AI) in Healthcare Market is likely to reach $17.8 billion by 2025. Algorithms in disease diagnosis, clinical trials and predictive analysis for disease outbreaks have the potential to dramatically change the way healthcare is planned, executed and delivered.
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MedWand is the closest thing we seen so far to a Tricorder. The scanner combines a stethoscope, thermometer, electrocardiogram and more in a small hand-held device. There's no need to explain to fans of Star-Trek what a Tricorder is. They'll have head of it. Multiple versions appear in the Sci-Fi movie including one that is used to help diagnose diseases and collect bodily information about a patient.
Artificial intelligence has had a profound impact on our lives. A study by Tractica found that the global AI market is projected to grow to $118.6 billion within the next six years. The market for artificial intelligence technology is growing largely due to the number of industries that depend on it. Almost every industry can use AI technology in some capacity. An article on Towards Data Science for a paper for a course on Computing and Society at Bucknell University showed that there are a number of case studies on artificial intelligence.
Pat Baird – Philips Healthcare's regulatory standards guru – says by the time artificial intelligence/machine learning standards are developed and recognized by regulators, they may already be out-of-date. To speed up the process, he's taken it upon himself to aggregate the most critical standards to help industry and regulators alike develop guidelines on how such products should be developed and operate.
When a patient has a stroke, every minute counts. Here, prompt action can prevent serious brain damage. If a clot is blocking a large blood vessel in the brain, surgeons can remove this occlusion by means of a catheter inserted in the patient's groin. However, this is a complicated procedure, requiring a lot of experience, and only a few specialists are capable of carrying it out. In new work, Fraunhofer researchers have been investigating whether artificial intelligence might be used to steer a catheter automatically and reliably to a blocked blood vessel.