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Impact of AI on Work - Jobs Are Changing, MIT-IBM Watson AI Lab Says

#artificialintelligence

IBM has always believed that 100% of jobs will ultimately change due to the impact of AI. Recent empirical research conducted by the MIT-IBM Watson AI Lab provides insights into the prediction and explains how it's going to happen. The joint research by Massachusetts Institute of Technology and IBM scrutinized the probable applications of Machine Learning in 170 million online job postings between 2010 and 2017 and came up with a report "The Future of Work: How New Technologies Are Transforming Tasks." The research examined the impact of Artificial Intelligence on employment and inferred that the result will be a significant decrease in the number of tasks. It additionally stated that work that would require "soft skills" would be given more focus on.


How would a robot or AI make a moral decision?

#artificialintelligence

The first question is philosophical: a matter of moral theory. The second is technical: a matter of practical engineering. Philosophical analysis of the theoretical problem of practical action (moral theory) informs software design. Software design informs moral theory. As Lewin (1943) puts it: "There's nothing so practical as a good theory." My solution to the problem of right and wrong, succinctly stated, consists of five steps.


Who Is The Leader In AI Hardware?

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A few months ago, I published a blog that highlighted Qualcomm's plans to enter the data center market with the Cloud AI100 chip sometime next year. While preparing the blog, our founder and principal analyst, Patrick Moorhead, called to point out that Qualcomm, not NVIDIA, probably has the largest market share in AI chip volume thanks to its leadership in devices for smartphones. Turns out, we were both right; it just depends on what you are counting. In the mobile and embedded space, Qualcomm powers hundreds of consumer and embedded devices running AI; it has shipped well over one billion Snapdragons and counting, all which support some level of AI today. In the data center, however, NVIDIA likely has well over 90% share of the market for training.


Grammarly raises $90M at over $1B valuation for its AI-based grammar and writing tools – TechCrunch

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While attention continues to be focused on the rise and growing sophistication of voice-based interfaces, a startup that is using artificial intelligence to improve how we communicate through the written word has raised a round of funding to capitalise on its already profitable growth. Grammarly -- which provides a toolkit used today by 20 million people to correct their written grammar, suggest better ways to write things and moderate the tone of what they are saying depending on who will be doing the reading -- has closed a $90 million round of funding. Brad Hoover, the company's CEO, confirmed to TechCrunch that the funding catapults the company's valuation to more than $1 billion as it gears up to grow to more users by expanding Grammarly's tools and bringing them to more platforms. Today, Grammarly can be used across a number of browsers via browser extensions, as a web app, through mobile and on desktop apps, and through specific apps such as Microsoft Office. But in our current era of communication, the number of places where we write to each other is expanding all the time -- consider, for example, how much we use chat and texting apps for leisure and for work -- so expect that list to continue growing.


PyCon2019 happening in Karachi - The Web Tier

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Workshops such as Natural Language processing along with Data Scrapping & Machine Learning to name a few. Along with awesome national speakers from around Pakistan, this year's pyconPK proud to have an international speaker Van Lindberg, Director Python Software Foundation. Furthermore, You can check full list of agenda on pyconPK official website. If you still haven't booked your tickets for pyconPK 2019, do it while you can at happening.pk Core objective of PyCon is to pass on technical skills and knowledge to enable non-Python developers and industry outsiders to explore the language. You can follow their Facebook Page and Facebook event for daily updates. See ya at the conference fellas.


How Do Business And Employees React With Its Benefits Of Artificial Intelligence?

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It has been using in many professions such as health, transport, education, engineering, business analytics, e-commerce, etc. Each profession was looking for the top app development companies, as the future is going to depend on a compact manner in the usage level of artificial intelligence for the user. Due to artificial intelligence, the marketer's work is going to be reduced. Many companies such as Amazon, AliExpress, etc were using the algorithmic way to approach their customers. It helps to reach potential customers with less time and saves the working methodology to approach.


Deep Imitation Learning of Sequential Fabric Smoothing Policies

arXiv.org Artificial Intelligence

Sequential pulling policies to flatten and smooth fabrics have applications from surgery to manufacturing to home tasks such as bed making and folding clothes. Due to the complexity of fabric states and dynamics, we apply deep imitation learning to learn policies that, given color or depth images of a rectangular fabric sample, estimate pick points and pull vectors to spread the fabric to maximize coverage. To generate data, we develop a fabric simulator and an algorithmic demonstrator that has access to complete state information. We train policies in simulation using domain randomization and dataset aggregation (DAgger) on three tiers of difficulty in the initial randomized configuration. We present results comparing five baseline policies to learned policies and report systematic comparisons of color vs. depth images as inputs. In simulation, learned policies achieve comparable or superior performance to analytic baselines. In 120 physical experiments with the da Vinci Research Kit (dVRK) surgical robot, policies trained in simulation attain 86% and 69% final coverage for color and depth inputs, respectively, suggesting the feasibility of learning fabric smoothing policies from simulation. Supplementary material is available at https://sites.google.com/view/ fabric-smoothing.


Tiered Graph Autoencoders with PyTorch Geometric for Molecular Graphs

arXiv.org Machine Learning

Tiered latent representations and latent spaces for molecular graphs provide a simple but effective way to explicitly represent and utilize groups (e.g., functional groups), which consist of the atom (node) tier, the group tier and the molecule (graph) tier. They can be learned using the tiered graph autoencoder architecture. In this paper we discuss adapting tiered graph autoencoders for use with PyTorch Geometric, for both the deterministic tiered graph autoencoder model and the probabilistic tiered variational graph autoencoder model. We also discuss molecular structure information sources that can be accessed to extract training data for molecular graphs. To support transfer learning, a critical consideration is that the information must utilize standard unique molecule and constituent atom identifiers. As a result of using tiered graph autoencoders for deep learning, each molecular graph possesses tiered latent representations. At each tier, the latent representation consists of: node features, edge indices, edge features, membership matrix, and node embeddings. This enables the utilization and exploration of tiered molecular latent spaces, either individually (the node tier, the group tier, or the graph tier) or jointly, as well as navigation across the tiers.


PHYRE: A New Benchmark for Physical Reasoning

arXiv.org Artificial Intelligence

Understanding and reasoning about physics is an important ability of intelligent agents. We develop the PHYRE benchmark for physical reasoning that contains a set of simple classical mechanics puzzles in a 2D physical environment. The benchmark is designed to encourage the development of learning algorithms that are sample-efficient and generalize well across puzzles. We test several modern learning algorithms on PHYRE and find that these algorithms fall short in solving the puzzles efficiently. We expect that PHYRE will encourage the development of novel sample-efficient agents that learn efficient but useful models of physics. For code and to play PHYRE for yourself, please visit https://player.phyre.ai.


Learn How to Cook a New Recipe in a New House: Using Map Familiarization, Curriculum Learning, and Common Sense to Learn Families of Text-Based Adventure Games

arXiv.org Artificial Intelligence

We consider the task of learning to play families of text-based computer adventure games, i.e., fully textual environments with a common theme (e.g. cooking) and goal (e.g. prepare a meal from a recipe) but with different specifics; new instances of such games are relatively straightforward for humans to master after a brief exposure to the genre but have been curiously difficult for computer agents to learn. We find that the deep Q-learning strategies that have been successfully leveraged for superhuman performance in single-instance action video games can be applied to learn families of text video games when adopting simple strategies that correlate with human-like learning behavior. Specifically, we build agents that learn to tackle simple scenarios before more complex ones (curriculum learning), that are equipped with the contextualized semantics of BERT (and we demonstrate that this provides a measure of common sense), and that familiarize themselves in an unfamiliar environment by navigating before acting. We demonstrate faster training convergence and improved task completion rates over reasonable baselines.