rehabilitation


Morphological approaches in medical technology

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Robotic devices for clinical rehabilitation of patients with neurological impairments come in a wide variety of shapes and sizes and employ different kinds of actuators. The design process for rehabilitation robots is driven by the intention that the technical system will be paired with a human being; it is of paramount importance that safety and flexibility of operation are ensured. When designing a robotic device for people with paretic limbs it is usually desirable to specify the actuators and controllers in such a way that a degree of compliance and yielding is retained, rather than forcing the limbs to rigidly follow a pre-programmed trajectory. This reduces the likelihood of injury which might result from forcing a stiff joint to move in a non-physiological manner, and it allows the patient to positively interact with the system and actively guide the therapy. It is not uncommon to come across the viewpoint that electric actuators are not well suited to applications having compliant design requirements: in traditional control engineering, DC motors are programmed to provide accurate and fast setpoint tracking; it is often thought that they are not ideally suited for clinical rehabilitation tasks where "soft" behavioural characteristics are called for.


Parkour robot jumps obstacles as Boston Dynamics reveals its terrifying robot has become even more powerful

The Independent

Robotics firm Boston Dynamics has unveiled the latest version of its highly-advanced Atlas robot, showing the machine performing parkour tricks over obstacles. Boston Dynamics describes Atlas as the "world's most dynamic humanoid," with previous videos showing the robot performing backflips. "The control software uses the whole body including legs, arms and torso, to marshal the energy and strength for jumping over the log and leaping up the steps without breaking its pace," the video's description states. A caretaker wearing a'HAL for care support' robot suit pushes a wheelchair at Shin-tomi nursing home in Tokyo. Residents follow moves made by humanoid robot'Pepper' during an afternoon exercise routine at Shin-tomi nursing home in Tokyo.


Generating Shared Latent Variables for Robots to Imitate Human Movements and Understand their Physical Limitations

arXiv.org Artificial Intelligence

Assistive robotics and particularly robot coaches may be very helpful for rehabilitation healthcare. In this context, we propose a method based on Gaussian Process Latent Variable Model (GP-LVM) to transfer knowledge between a physiotherapist, a robot coach and a patient. Our model is able to map visual human body features to robot data in order to facilitate the robot learning and imitation. In addition , we propose to extend the model to adapt robots' understanding to patient's physical limitations during the assessment of rehabilitation exercises. Experimental evaluation demonstrates promising results for both robot imitation and model adaptation according to the patients' limitations.


MPs invite robot to give evidence on AI

The Independent

A robot is set to become the first non-human to appear as a witness before the UK Parliament. The Commons Education Select Committee invited Pepper the robot from Middlesex University to give evidence at a hearing taking place next week about artificial intelligence, robotics and the fourth industrial revolution. "If we've got the march of the robots, we perhaps need the march of the robots to our select committee to give evidence," Committee chair Robert Halfon told Tes. "The fourth industrial revolution is possibly the most important challenge facing our nation over the next 10, 20 to 30 years." The Independent has reached out for more details about the appearance. Despite dystopian predictions and dire warnings of robots and AI taking over people's jobs, the government has previously expressed interest in the potential of robotic technology.


ProMedica Health System to Deploy PeriGen Artificial Intelligence Solution Focused on Improving Outcomes in Childbirth Markets Insider

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PeriGen, an innovator of perinatal early warning systems, today announced that ProMedica, a not-for-profit integrated health care organization serving 30 states, plans to deploy the company's PeriWatch Vigilance, an artificial intelligence-based maternal-fetal early warning system (EWS), in all of its labor and delivery hospitals. Vigilance is designed to help clinicians identify troubling trends earlier and more consistently than manual assessments and creates a common language for nurses and physicians to assess cases. The artificial intelligence-driven technology, developed by PeriGen, is the latest chapter in ProMedica's commitment to lead improvement in Ohio and Michigan's infant and maternal mortality and morbidity rates, which currently rank near the bottom of the nation. The software is designed to be implemented in a matter of weeks and brings an unprecedented level of monitoring to the labor and delivery floor. It does not require replacing any current systems already in place.


What AI's Lifespan Boost Will Mean for the Healthcare Industry

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In early 2015, a University of California, San Diego team successfully used micro-motor powered nanobots inside live mice -- without causing damage to their stomach linings, changing healthcare forever. In mid-2015, this concept was quickly advanced by mechanical engineers at Drexel University working in partnership with Daegu Gyeongbuk Institute of Science and Technology (DGIST) in South Korea. What they created were more efficient'micro-swimmers' capable of breaking through clogged arteries and leaving anticoagulant medication to prevent future blockage. Indeed, artificial intelligence (AI), from big data and machine learning to caretaker robots and medical nanobots, can help humans live longer. It's a primary reason scientists have predicted human lifespan to increase to 125 years by 2070.


Horrifying walking robot terrifies celebs – but it's not all it seems

The Independent

A video that appears to show a human-like robot walking slowly down a driveway has stoked fears of a robot apocalypse, receiving thousands of shares across social media. The 14-second clip has caught the attention of celebrities on Twitter, including the illusionist Derren Brown and Trainspotting author Irvine Welsh. Welsh compared the robot's gait to his after a night partying, tweeting: "Got a fright there. Thought that was 90's footage of me walking home from Pure or Turnmills after a night on the eckies." Brown simply tweeted: "WE ARE ALL GOING TO DIE."


Virtual Rehab's All-Encompassing Solution – Virtual Rehab – Medium

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Virtual Rehab's evidence-based solution uses Virtual Reality, Artificial Intelligence, & Blockchain technology for Pain Management, Prevention of Substance Use Disorders, and Rehabilitation of Repeat Offenders. We hope that you enjoyed the first one, where we provided you with a quick background of Virtual Rehab. Now, in this article, we will tell you more about the Virtual Rehab all-encompassing solution. However, before we do so, let's recap a couple of pointers. Yes, some detail will be repetitive, and new to those who haven't read the first article, so all good.


Reality check: VR and AI bring new options to healthcare

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In Japanese hospitals, virtual reality (VR) is getting real. Together with augmented reality (AR), this technology--once the realm of devoted gamers--is now helping surgeons hone their technique. Twelve hospitals across Japan are now using VR tech nology from Tokyo-based Holoeyes, Inc. to view 3D models of organs such as the liver and kidneys. These VR reconstructions allow doctors to carefully plan the fine details of each procedure and provide them with a more accurate view of a patient's anatomy during surgery. The HoloEyes VR application was created using CT scan data from the company's own healthcare database, compiled since the startup launched five years ago.


Disney creates humanoid robot stunt double

The Independent

The robotics program at Disney has taken a giant, back-flipping leap forward with the unveiling of a humanoid robot capable of performing stunts just like a human. A video of the Stuntronics robot shows the autonomous machine launching into the air from a swing and performing several flips, before landing in a net. The unveiling of the acrobatic robot comes just one month after Disney revealed its much more rudimental Stickman robot. Both robots come out of Disney's Imagineering Research and Development department, which was set up a decade ago to explore virtual reality, robotics and other emerging technologies. The Stickman robot was the first step towards creating the human-scale robot, capable of performing backflips and other stunts.