If you are looking for an answer to the question What is Artificial Intelligence? and you only have a minute, then here's the definition the Association for the Advancement of Artificial Intelligence offers on its home page: "the scientific understanding of the mechanisms underlying thought and intelligent behavior and their embodiment in machines."
However, if you are fortunate enough to have more than a minute, then please get ready to embark upon an exciting journey exploring AI (but beware, it could last a lifetime) …
How GPT-3, your smartphone and Augmented Reality can disrupt a dinosaur industry. The earliest photographic studios made use of painters' lighting techniques to create portraits. In my country, generations of Indians would assemble under the studio lights to get that perfect family portrait. We have come a staggering distance since then. Today, these photo studios that were responsible for many families and their portraits, have all but disappeared.
"The idea began when I discovered the A.I. had no problem fixing the marks and scratches on the only authenticated portrait of Billy the Kid I fed it. I then experimented with other historical figures of whom no or little photographic material existed: Napoleon, Julius Ceasar, Queen Elizabeth etc." Uterwijk uploaded up to 20 different paintings into the generative adversarial network and says he was able to reconstruct images that were visual averages of the different sources "with the help of this software that is trained on thousands of human faces, towards an almost photo-realistic version." "Getting a good likeness together with a certain level of realism and a strong appearance of the character can take hours or even days of tweaking," Uterwijk explained.
How do you use Artbreeder, and should you use it? When discussions of AI and its effect on the labour force come up, the creative industry usually shrugs its shoulders. After all, how can artificial intelligence accurately replicate an artist's singular vision? It's an understandable stance, but recent weeks may have sent a little shiver down creatives' spines. Only yesterday did Fast Company reveal that a designer commissioned by clients (below) turned out to be an AI system employed by one very adventurous design firm. AI art generator Artbreeder meanwhile has grabbed attention through Bas Uterwijk's photo portraits of historical figures, all of which were generated from classic painted portraits.
A Dutch artist is using modern technology to create realistic photo-style portraits of famous figures only depicted in paint and sculpture. Bas Uterwijk, from Amsterdam, explained that he wanted to see if he could create realistic digital renderings of key faces in history, including Vincent Van Gogh and Napoleon. He also turned his talents to statues like Michelangelo's David and the Statue of Liberty. Bas uses Artbreeder, a'deep-learning' software which can create life-like images from scratch or based on a composite of different portraits. Bas Uterwijk, from Amsterdam, can create likenesses of famous historical figures using'deep-learning' technology.
Over a few years, applications of the Generative Adversarial Networks (GANs) have seen astounding growth. The technique has been successfully used for high-fidelity natural image synthesis, data augmentation tasks, improving image compressions, and more. From emoting super-realistic expressions to exploring deep space, and from bridging the human-machine empathetic disconnect to introducing new art forms, GANs have it all covered. Here, we list down a few impressive real-world applications of GANs. Who imagined that one day we will be able to see the expressions of the Italian noblewoman Lisa Gherardini from the famous portrait of Mona Lisa painted by the Italian artist Leonardo da Vinci.
Even the best photographers occasionally take blurred photos. This is probably not yours; It is the crime of the camera, the light or the wind that causes you to shake, but with the artificial intelligence developed, you no longer have to worry about blurry photos. A group of researchers from Duke University said that the latest algorithm developed outperformed other photo correction methods. Maybe you won't look different than you are, but the photos you take will be clearer than ever before. The tool was developed by Duke University researchers as a new approach to photo correction.
AI systems are getting frighteningly good at fabricating human faces. A Duke University team reported this week that it's developed a tool that can produce photo-realistic human faces with nothing to go on but a heavily pixelated portrait -- essentially a blurry underpainting lacking eyes, lips, a nose, or any other recognizable details. While it can't spit out a replica of the person in the original image, it's able to create a pretty plausible HD doppelganger. For some time now, researchers have been exploring the ways in which AI smarts can be used to sharpen up blurry or otherwise obscured objects in images -- think Blade Runner's infamous "enhance" scene. A good enough system might be the difference between an unidentifiable bird in a nature photo and that perfect shot you've been chasing.
With creative AI emerging, art creation doesn't seem to be unique to humans, not anymore. Creativity is one of the few traits that make humans different from other species. We alone can make music and art that speak to our experiences or illuminate truths about our world. But suddenly, humans' artistic abilities have some competition--and from a decidedly non-human source; Artificial Intelligence. Over the last couple of years, there have been some remarkable examples of art produced by deep learning algorithms.
It would be illogical today to think that AI completely replaces human creativity. Having two such powerful "machines" and deleting one of them would be an absolute mistake. Instead, we should take advantage of 200% of the potential offered by both, an awesome combination impossible to replace. Let's talk about art, music, dance, writing, … "Being creative means being in love with life", being able to generate new ideas or concepts spontaneously. Does AI take place in these fields?