neurology


7 Startups Giving Artificial Intelligence (AI) Emotions - Nanalyze

#artificialintelligence

Founded in 2012, Israeli startup Beyond Verbal has taken in $10.1 million in 4 rounds of funding to develop a technology that "analyzes emotions from vocal intonations". Like CrowdEmotion, nViso's technology tracks the movement of 43 facial muscles using a simple webcam and then uses AI to interpret your emotions. The Company uses a branch of artificial intelligence called Natural Language Processing (NLP) techniques to capture people's emotions, social concerns, thinking styles, psychology, and even their use of parts of speech. The startup developed a technique to "read" human emotional state called Transdermal Optical Imaging (TOI) using a conventional video camera to extract information from the blood flow underneath the human face.


The world's first protein database for Machine Learning and AI

@machinelearnbot

I am incredibly proud and excited to present the very first public product of Peptone, the Database of Structural Propensities of Proteins. Database of Structural Propensities of Proteins (dSPP) is the world's first interactive repository of structural and dynamic features of proteins with seamless integration for leading Machine Learning frameworks, Keras and Tensorflow. As opposed to binary (logits) secondary structure assignments available in other protein datasets for experimentalists and the machine learning community, dSPP data report on protein structure and local dynamics at the residue level with atomic resolution, as gauged from continuous structural propensity assignment in a range -1.0 to 1.0. Seamless dSPP integration with Keras and Tensorflow machine learning frameworks is achieved via dspp-keras Python package, available for download and setup in under 60 seconds time.


Why Your Brain Hates Other People - Issue 49: The Absurd

Nautilus

To simplify, this can be revealed with the Implicit Association Test, where subjects look at pictures of humans or trolls, coupled with words with positive or negative connotations. Recent work, adapting the Implicit Association Test to another species, suggests that even other primates have implicit negative associations with Others. And monkeys would look longer at pairings discordant with their biases (e.g., pictures of members of their own group with pictures of spiders). Thus, the strength of Us/Them-ing is shown by the: speed and minimal sensory stimuli required for the brain to process group differences; tendency to group according to arbitrary differences, and then imbue those differences with supposedly rational power; unconscious automaticity of such processes; and rudiments of it in other primates.


Tech Metaphors Are Holding Back Brain Research

WIRED

If memory works the way most neuroscientists think it does--by altering the strength of connections between neurons--storing all that information would be way too energy-intensive, especially if memories are encoded in Shannon information, high fidelity signals encoded in binary. That assumption leads some scientists--mind-body dualists--to argue that we won't learn much by studying the physical brain. Over time, our memories are physically encoded in our brains in spidery networks of neurons--software building new hardware, in a way. That's because the street lamp infrastructure in the two halves of the city remain different, to this day--West Berlin street lamps use bright white mercury bulbs and East Berlin uses tea-stained sodium vapor bulbs.


Helping or hacking? Engineers and ethicists must work together on brain-computer interface technology

Robohub

Just using an individual's brain activity – specifically, their P300 response – we could determine a subject's preferences for things like favorite coffee brand or favorite sports. The potential ability to determine individuals' preferences and personal information using their own brain signals has spawned a number of difficult but pressing questions: Should we be able to keep our neural signals private? Putting ethicists in labs alongside engineers – as we have done at the CSNE – is one way to ensure that privacy and security risks of neurotechnology, as well as other ethically important issues, are an active part of the research process instead of an afterthought. The goal should be that the ethical standards and the technology will mature together to ensure future BCI users are confident their privacy is being protected as they use these kinds of devices.


The Future of Artificial Intelligence and Cybernetics

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For example, if the robot brain has roughly the same number of human neurons as a typical human brain, then could it, or should it, have rights similar to those of a person? Also, if such robots have far more human neurons than in a typical human brain--for example, a million times more neurons--would they, rather than humans, make all future decisions? With those cases, the situation isn't straightforward, as patients receive abilities that normal humans don't have--for example, the ability to move a cursor on a computer screen using nothing but neural signals. It's clear that connecting a human brain with a computer network via an implant could, in the long term, open up the distinct advantages of machine intelligence, communication, and sensing abilities to the individual receiving the implant.


Slideshow : Future of health revolution - Artificial intelligence and the coming health revolution

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Amazon meanwhile offers medical advice through applications on its voice-activated artificial assistant Alexa. Insilico is working on drugs for amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS), cancer and age-related diseases, aiming to develop personalised treatments.


Emerging Artificial Intelligence (AI) Leaders: Rana el Kaliouby, Affectiva

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As the co-founder and CEO of Affectiva, el Kaliouby is on a mission to expand what we mean by "artificial intelligence" and create intelligent machines that understand our emotions. The new AI category el Kaliouby and her team at Affectiva are spearheading is "Emotion AI," defining a new market by pursuing two goals: Allowing machines to adapt to human emotions in real-time and providing insights and analytics so organizations can understand how people engage emotionally in the digital world. Then she read Picard's Affective Computing, published in 1997, and became "super-fascinated by the idea that a computer can read people's emotions. For her dissertation, el Kaliouby used the autism research center's data to train a computer model to recognize accurately and in real-time complex mental states with "an accuracy and speed that are comparable to that of human recognition."


Storytelling with Data: Our Brains Crave Structure Love Oddballs

@machinelearnbot

So you can potentially activate parts of your brain involved in motor control or your sense of touch. When creating your own stories, remember that the brain craves structure and loves oddballs. The brain processes information by taking information it already knows to infer what a new piece of information might be. Now that you have some basic understanding of brain anatomy and neuroscience, try applying the lessons learned to your data stories.


Study will ask 10,000 New Yorkers to share life's data

Daily Mail

The study leaders aim to recruit 10,000 New Yorkers interested in advancing science by sharing a range of personal information, from cellphone locations and credit-card swipes to blood samples and life-changing events. Researchers hope the results will illuminate the interplay between health, behavior and circumstances, potentially shedding new light on conditions ranging from asthma to Alzheimer's disease. Researchers hope the results will illuminate the interplay between health, behavior and circumstances, potentially shedding new light on conditions ranging from asthma to Alzheimer's disease. Researchers hope the results of The Human Project will illuminate the interplay between health, behavior and circumstances, potentially shedding new light on conditions ranging from asthma to Alzheimer's disease