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AI Lab of the Future Seeks to Build a Digital Cell

#artificialintelligence

The Technische Universität (TUU) KIWI biolab, which has been designated as one of three international artificial intelligence (AI) future laboratories by the German government, uses AI to design experiments with the aim of understanding how cells behave. "We cultivate various clones in parallel, and computer-controlled robots perform the fed-batch experiments and analyses automatically," explains Peter Neubauer, PhD, who heads the department of bioprocess engineering at TU Berlin. Experimental data is used to create "digital twins" of the cells that can be used for computer-based process development, he says. Neubauer developed the automated laboratory to multiply the number of cell lines he could analyze in parallel. "Currently in our facility we can do this for a large number of cells–for 48 different clones," he adds.


Don't Forget the Human Factor in Autonomous Systems and AI Development

#artificialintelligence

It goes without saying that humans are the intended beneficiaries of the AI applications and autonomous systems that data scientists and developers are creating. But what's the best way to design these AI apps and autonomous systems to maximize human interaction and human benefit? That's a tougher question to answer. It's also the focus of human factors specialists, who are increasingly in demand. Datanami recently caught up with one of these in-demand human factors specialists.


Design Space Exploration via Answer Set Programming Modulo Theories

arXiv.org Artificial Intelligence

The design of embedded systems, that are ubiquitously used in mobile devices and cars, is becoming continuously more complex such that efficient system-level design methods are becoming crucial. My research aims at developing systems that help the designer express the complex design problem in a declarative way and explore the design space to obtain divers sets of solutions with desirable properties. To that end, we employ knowledge representation and reasoning capabilities of ASP in combination with background theories. As a result, for the first time, we proposed a sophisticated methodology that allows for the direct integration of multi-objective optimization of non-linear objectives into ASP. This includes unique results of diverse sub-problems covered in several publications which I will present in this work.


How Swiss news publisher NZZ built a flexible paywall using machine learning - Digiday

#artificialintelligence

There's more than one way to build a paywall. Over the last year, Swiss news publisher Neue Zürcher Zeitung has been using a payment system that is personalized to the individual based on hundreds of criteria. NZZ requires people to register and eventually, pay. But when readers get these registration and payment messages and how those messages look varies based on predefined rules, dozens of A/B tests and machine learning. "If we're to be successful in paid content, we need to individualize the experience with our product and the product itself, and automate our marketing approach," said Steven Neubauer, managing director at Neue Zürcher Zeitung.


Our modern brain shape may be only 40,000 years old

Daily Mail - Science & tech

Though much has changed since then, scientists long believed that our species still retained one common feature - our brains. It turns out that our brains actually look much different from our ancestors that lived hundreds of thousands of years ago. Now a team of scientists have discovered, for the first time ever, exactly when our brains began to take on their unique, modern shape. A team of researchers from the Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology in Germany pinpointed the period when the human brain achieved its current form as being between 100,000 and 35,000 years ago. New research from a team of scientists in Germany pinpoints the exact period when our brains achieved their modern shape.


Modern Rounded Human Brains An Evolutionary Step Less Than 100,000 Years Old

International Business Times

What sets humans apart from other species, despite all the biological and genetic similarities, is our brains. But it turns out that the brain of a Homo sapiens who lived about 100,000 years ago was actually differently shaped, compared to ours.