government


We May Have Just Uncovered a Serious Problem With How AI "See"

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People with certain visual impairments aren't allowed to drive, for fairly obvious reasons. Now, a study from the University of Washington (UW) has shown that artificial intelligences (AI) aren't immune to vision problems when operating motor vehicles either. The researchers have determined that machine learning models can be prone to a kind of physical-world attack that impedes their ability to process images. Concretely, AI can have problems reading defaced street signs. For their study, the researchers focused on two potential types of physical attacks.


Artificial intelligence institute in pipeline

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Mumbai: The Maharashtra government signed a memorandum of understanding (MoU) with Wadhwani Institute of Artificial Intelligence (WIAI), California through the University of Mumbai (MU) in order to set up a research institute for artificial intelligence (AI) in Mumbai. AI is the theory and development of computer systems that makes them competent for performing tasks that usually require human intelligence. The skills involved include visual perception, speech recognition, decision-making and translating languages. According to MU officials, the artificial institute will be a non-profit for applied research and development projects ranging from pure engineering to future-oriented projects. "The institute will be used for social good and the benefit of the interested students," said an official.


Artificial intelligence is neither friend nor foe for Africa- It's both! - CNBC Africa

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Artificial intelligence (AI) is neither friend nor foe – It's both! This was the feedback received following a high level panel discussion held during the Science Forum South Africa (#SFSA2017) in Tshwane, were youth members from various African states exchanged their views and ideals as to how best they, business and government need to approach the digital age. "There is a paralysing fear that jobs will be taken away and humans will become redundant and lazy", said Barbara Glover of NEPAD Planning and Coordinating Agency. Glover added that these fears need to be allayed by understanding how best AI can unlock enhanced potential for humans to deploy their skills in new ways. Ama Duncan of Corporate Training Solutions in Ghana agreed.


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Artificial intelligence (AI) is neither friend nor foe – It's both! This was the feedback received following a high level panel discussion held during the Science Forum South Africa (#SFSA2017) in Tshwane, were youth members from various African states exchanged their views and ideals as to how best they, business and government need to approach the digital age. "There is a paralysing fear that jobs will be taken away and humans will become redundant and lazy", said Barbara Glover of NEPAD Planning and Coordinating Agency. Glover added that these fears need to be allayed by understanding how best AI can unlock enhanced potential for humans to deploy their skills in new ways. Ama Duncan of Corporate Training Solutions in Ghana agreed.



China is preparing for a trillion-dollar autonomous-driving revolution

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Chinese internet company LeEco Holdings Ltd unveils its internet electric battery driverless concept car'LeSEE' during a launch event in Beijing. Chinese manufacturers and internet giants are in hot pursuit of their US counterparts in the race to design driverless cars, but the route to market is still littered with potholes. China has begun preparing programs and cities for an autonomous driving revolution expected to generate $1 trillion in revenue globally, the South China Morning Post reported. Nearly 300 Chinese cities and regions, including Xinjiang and Nanjing, and have already introduced "smart-city" projects controlled by artificial intelligence technology to enhance daily life, SCMP said. Smart cities use cloud-based technology to integrate across several industries, including transportation, health care and public security, according to government-owned China Daily.


The Rise of AI and the Revamp of HR

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Artificial Intelligence (AI) is fast becoming a mainstream element of business, a trend that is clearly visible in the APAC markets. While the larger Asian economies like India and China have the privilege of humungous data, Singapore and Australia have a clear roadmap for leveraging their strong R&D capabilities for AI advancement. The applications of AI differ by demographics, ranging from financial services to logistics to healthcare and more recently, talent management. Singapore is turning to AI to future-proof its economy against its core challenges- an ageing population and human-resource constrained economy. The wide presence of knowledge-intensive industries is compelling the government to explore automation and AI-led avenues to manage talent better.


As Artificial Intelligence Grows in Government, Experts Urge Caution

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Have a question about taxes, vehicle licensing or simply need the phone number for a state agency? If you live in Mississippi, just ask Alexa, Amazon's digital assistant that has been programmed to also work with state and local governments. In fact, Mississippi is one of several governments that uses so-called chatbots to handle a range of basic but frequently asked questions. In Utah, teenagers can solicit help reviewing questions that might be on a driver's test. In Los Angeles, residents can get detailed information about city-sponsored events.


Optimizing Government The Regulatory Review

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The Optimizing Government Project brings together scholars and researchers to discuss the use of machine learning by government. In recent years, the private sector has succeeded in finding many ways to leverage machine learning--a type of artificial intelligence that enables computers to "learn and adapt through experience." Well-known private sector applications of machine learning include Google's self-driving car project, online recommendations personalized for customers on websites like Amazon and Netflix, and fraud detection by credit card companies. But as the private sector embraces machine learning in new ways, the application of machine learning by government agencies has only started to take root. The use of artificial intelligence by government, though, raises important questions for a democratic society--about fairness, equality, transparency, and accountability.


Making AI great again: how do we design ethical AI systems?

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Artificial intelligence is a powerful agent of change in our society. The debate around how AI will shape our future is ongoing, but one thing is certain: it is already affecting our present – altering the way we work, entertain ourselves and interact with others. As this technology catches on, changing the way we understand ourselves and our society, issues around ethics and regulation are becoming more and more pressing – and increasingly debated. As designers and developers of AI systems, we need to bridge the gap between data technology and human experience. Addressing fairness, accountability and the long-term effects on our society when designing with data will allow us to contribute to the society we want, fostering higher levels of cognitive and emotional skills.