If you are looking for an answer to the question What is Artificial Intelligence? and you only have a minute, then here's the definition the Association for the Advancement of Artificial Intelligence offers on its home page: "the scientific understanding of the mechanisms underlying thought and intelligent behavior and their embodiment in machines."
However, if you are fortunate enough to have more than a minute, then please get ready to embark upon an exciting journey exploring AI (but beware, it could last a lifetime) …
Best cat gifts 2019: These are the best gifts for anyone who absolutely adores cats. If you make a purchase by clicking one of our links, we may earn a small share of the revenue. However, our picks and opinions are independent from USA Today's newsroom and any business incentives. Being a cat owner is an incredibly fun job to have, whether you've got a sassy cat that enjoys knocking things off tables or a lazy cat who loves laying on your face as soon as you go down to sleep. Cat parents are a proud breed, and while we enjoy receiving socks with cat faces and wacky tongs that have cat paws, opt for more practical gifts for the cat lover on your list this holiday season.
Despite the robust structure of the Internet, it is still susceptible to disruptive routing updates that prevent network traffic from reaching its destination. In this work, we propose a method for early detection of large-scale disruptions based on the analysis of bursty BGP announcements. We hypothesize that the occurrence of large-scale disruptions is preceded by bursty announcements. Our method is grounded in analysis of changes in the inter-arrival times of announcements. BGP announcements that are associated with disruptive updates tend to occur in groups of relatively high frequency, followed by periods of infrequent activity. To test our hypothesis, we quantify the burstiness of inter-arrival times around the date and times of three large-scale incidents: the Indosat hijacking event in April 2014, the Telecom Malaysia leak in June 2015, and the Bharti Airtel Ltd. hijack in November 2015. We show that we can detect these events several hours prior to when they were originally detected. We propose an algorithm that leverages the burstiness of disruptive updates to provide early detection of large-scale malicious incidents using local collector data. We describe limitations, open challenges, and how this method can be used for large-scale routing anomaly detection.
As a birder, I had heard that if you paid careful attention to the head feathers on the downy woodpeckers that visited your bird feeders, you could begin to recognize individual birds. I even went so far as to try sketching birds at my own feeders and had found this to be true, up to a point. In the meantime, in my day job as a computer scientist, I knew that other researchers had used machine learning techniques to recognize individual faces in digital images with a high degree of accuracy. These projects got me thinking about ways to combine my hobby with my day job. Would it be possible to apply those techniques to identify individual birds?
Long Short-Term Memory (LSTM) neural network is an enhanced Recurrent Neural Network (RNN) that has gained significant attention in recent years. It solved the vanishing and exploding gradient problems that a standard RNN has and was successfully applied to a variety of time-series forecasting problems. In power systems, distribution feeder long-term load forecast is a critical task many electric utility companies perform on an annual basis. The goal of this task is to forecast the load change on existing distribution feeders for the next few years. The forecasted results will be used as input in long-term system planning studies to determine necessary system upgrades so that the distribution system can continue to operate reliably during normal operation and contingences. This research proposed a comprehensive hybrid model based on LSTM neural network for this classic and important forecasting task. It is not only able to combine the advantages of top-down and bottom-up forecasting models but also able to leverage the time-series characteristics of multi-year data. This paper firstly explains the concept of LSTM neural network and then discusses the steps of feature selection, feature engineering and model establishment in detail. In the end, a real-world application example for a large urban grid in West Canada is provided. The results are compared to other models such as bottom-up, ARIMA and ANN. The proposed model demonstrates superior performance and great practicality for forecasting long-term peak demand for distribution feeders.
With deployments of online monitoring systems in distribution networks, massive amounts of data collected through them contain rich information on the operating status of distribution networks. By leveraging the data, based on bidirectional generative adversarial networks (BiGANs), we propose an unsupervised approach for online distribution reliability assessment. It is capable of discovering the latent structure and automatically learning the most representative features of the spatio-temporal data in distribution networks in an adversarial way and it does not rely on any assumptions of the input data. Based on the extracted features, a statistical magnitude for them is calculated to indicate the data behavior. Furthermore, distribution reliability states are divided into different levels and we combine them with the calculated confidence level $1-\alpha$, during which clear criteria is defined empirically. Case studies on both synthetic data and real-world online monitoring data show that our proposed approach is feasible for the assessment of distribution operation reliability and outperforms other existed techniques.
Wait a minute, cats already rule the'interwebs'. Wouldn't handing the growing Internet of Things over to them be the end of civilisation as we know it? If you have been keeping an eye on this radical development appearing on the pet community radar. You will probably agree that a cat would prefer a long nap. Let's find out why! We can't give you an Internet of Things tutorial, but we can give you an idea of what's coming your way.
This two-part work puts forth the idea of engaging power electronics to probe an electric grid to infer non-metered loads. Probing can be accomplished by commanding inverters to perturb their power injections and record the induced voltage response. Once a probing setup is deemed topologically observable by the tests of Part I, Part II provides a methodology for designing probing injections abiding by inverter and network constraints to improve load estimates. The task is challenging since system estimates depend on both probing injections and unknown loads in an implicit nonlinear fashion. The methodology first constructs a library of candidate probing vectors by sampling over the feasible set of inverter injections. Leveraging a linearized grid model and a robust approach, the candidate probing vectors violating voltage constraints for any anticipated load value are subsequently rejected. Among the qualified candidates, the design finally identifies the probing vectors yielding the most diverse system states. The probing task under noisy phasor and non-phasor data is tackled using a semidefinite-program (SDP) relaxation. Numerical tests using synthetic and real-world data on a benchmark feeder validate the conditions of Part I; the SDP-based solver; the importance of probing design; and the effects of probing duration and noise.
Though distribution system operators have been adding more sensors to their networks, they still often lack an accurate real-time picture of the behavior of distributed energy resources such as demand responsive electric loads and residential solar generation. Such information could improve system reliability, economic efficiency, and environmental impact. Rather than installing additional, costly sensing and communication infrastructure to obtain additional real-time information, it may be possible to use existing sensing capabilities and leverage knowledge about the system to reduce the need for new infrastructure. In this paper, we disaggregate a distribution feeder's demand measurements into: 1) the demand of a population of air conditioners, and 2) the demand of the remaining loads connected to the feeder. We use an online learning algorithm, Dynamic Fixed Share (DFS), that uses the real-time distribution feeder measurements as well as models generated from historical building- and device-level data. We develop two implementations of the algorithm and conduct case studies using real demand data from households and commercial buildings to investigate the effectiveness of the algorithm. The case studies demonstrate that DFS can effectively perform online disaggregation and the choice and construction of models included in the algorithm affects its accuracy, which is comparable to that of a set of Kalman filters.
The first animals to be domesticated by humans were wolves, although the jury is still out on when exactly this occurred. Now a menagerie of animals is considered companion animals or pets, from the fuzzy chinchilla to the majestic horse. The original reasons for domestication were as varied as the species themselves: protection, hunting, travel and companionship.
This paper describes an algorithm developed as a decision support system for SMT line operators and its purpose is to suggest changes in an existing feeder setup in order to improve the production performance. The proposed algorithm based on a relaxed model of the problem uses constraint programming approach and its performance is tested on production trial of one PCB type assembly.