If you are looking for an answer to the question What is Artificial Intelligence? and you only have a minute, then here's the definition the Association for the Advancement of Artificial Intelligence offers on its home page: "the scientific understanding of the mechanisms underlying thought and intelligent behavior and their embodiment in machines."
However, if you are fortunate enough to have more than a minute, then please get ready to embark upon an exciting journey exploring AI (but beware, it could last a lifetime) …
Although Switzerland is a small country, it is home to many internationally renowned universities and scientific institutions. The research landscape in Switzerland is rich, and AI-related themes are investigated by many teams under diverse umbrellas. This column sheds some light on selected developments and trends on AI in Switzerland as perceived by members of the Special Interest group on Artificial Intelligence and Cognitive Science (SGAICO) organizational team, which has brought together researchers from Switzerland interested in AI and cognitive science for over 30 years.
The Fourteenth International Conference on Automated Planning and Scheduling (ICAPS-04) was held in Canada in June of 2004. It covered the latest theoretical and empirical advances in planning and scheduling. The conference program consisted of tutorials, workshops, a doctoral consortium, and three days of technical paper presentations in a single plenary track, one day of which was jointly organized with the Ninth International Conference on Principles of Knowledge Representation and Reasoning. ICAPS-04 also hosted the International Planning Competition, including a classical track and a newly formed probabilistic track.
Koehler, Jana, Lakemeyer, Gerhard
The Twenty-Fifth Annual German Conference on Artificial Intelligence (KI- 2002) was held 16 to 20 September 2003 in Aachen (Aix-La-Chapelle), Germany. KI is the main German national conference in AI, but it addresses an international audience by adopting English as the conference language and having the proceedings published in the Springer Lecture Notes in AI series.
Koehler, Jana, Ottiger, Daniel
Not widely known by the AI community, elevator control has become a major field of application for AI technologies. Techniques such as neural networks, genetic algorithms, fuzzy rules and, recently, multiagent systems and AI planning have been adopted by leading elevator companies not only to improve the transportation capacity of conventional elevator systems but also to revolutionize the way in which elevators interact with and serve passengers. In this article, we begin with an overview of AI techniques adopted by this industry and explain the motivations behind the continuous interest in AI. In the second part, we present in more detail a recent development project to apply AI planning and multiagent systems to elevator control problems.
Long, Derek, Kautz, Henry, Selman, Bart, Bonet, Blai, Geffner, Hector, Koehler, Jana, Brenner, Michael, Hoffmann, Joerg, Rittinger, Frank, Anderson, Corin R., Weld, Daniel S., Smith, David E., Fox, Maria, Long, Derek
In 1998, the international planning community was invited to take part in the first planning competition, hosted by the Artificial Intelligence Planning Systems Conference, to provide a new impetus for empirical evaluation and direct comparison of automatic domain-independent planning systems. This article describes the systems that competed in the event, examines the results, and considers some of the implications for the future of the field.