Chen, Ying


DSTL: Solution to Limitation of Small Corpus in Speech Emotion Recognition

Journal of Artificial Intelligence Research

Traditional machine learning methods share a common hypothesis: training and testing datasets must be in a common feature space with the same distribution. However, in reality, the labeled target data may be rare, so that target space does not share the same feature space or distribution as an available training set (source domain). To address the mismatch of domains, we propose a Dual-Subspace Transfer Learning (DSTL) framework that considers both the common and specific information of the two domains. In DSTL, a latent common subspace is first learned to preserve the data properties and reduce the discrepancy of domains. Then, we propose a mapping strategy to transfer the source-specific information to the target subspace. The integration of the domain-common and specific information constructs the proposed DSTL framework. In comparison to the state-art-of works, the main contribution of our work is that the DSTL framework not only considers the commonalities, but also exploits the specific information. Experiments on three emotional speech corpora verify the effectiveness of our approach. The results show that the methods which include both domain-common and specific information perform better than the baseline methods which only exploit the domain commonalities.


DSTL: Solution to Limitation of Small Corpus in Speech Emotion Recognition

Journal of Artificial Intelligence Research

Traditional machine learning methods share a common hypothesis: training and testing datasets must be in a common feature space with the same distribution. However, in reality, the labeled target data may be rare, so that target space does not share the same feature space or distribution as an available training set (source domain). To address the mismatch of domains, we propose a Dual-Subspace Transfer Learning (DSTL) framework that considers both the common and specific information of the two domains. In DSTL, a latent common subspace is first learned to preserve the data properties and reduce the discrepancy of domains. Then, we propose a mapping strategy to transfer the sourcespecific information to the target subspace.


Label Ranking by Directly Optimizing Performance Measures

AAAI Conferences

Label ranking aims to map instances to an order over a predefined set of labels. It is ideal that the label ranking model is trained by directly maximizing performance measures on training data. However, existing studies on label ranking models mainly based on the minimization of classification errors or rank losses. To fill in this gap in label ranking, in this paper a novel label ranking model is learned by minimizing a loss function directly defined on the performance measures. The proposed algorithm, referred to as BoostLR, employs a boosting framework and utilizes the rank aggregation technique to construct weak label rankers. Experimental results reveal the initial success of BoostLR.


Cross Media Entity Extraction and Linkage for Chemical Documents

AAAI Conferences

Text and images are two major sources of information in scientific literature. Information from these two media typically reinforce and complement each other, thus simplifying the process for human to extract and comprehend information. However, machines cannot create the links or have the semantic understanding between images and text. We propose to integrate text analysis and image processing techniques to bridge the gap between the two media, and discover knowledge from the combined information sources, which would be otherwise lost by traditional single-media based mining systems. The focus is on the chemical entity extraction task because images are well known to add value to the textual content in chemical literature. Annotation of US chemical patent documents demonstrates the effectiveness of our proposal.


Yan

AAAI Conferences

Text and images are two major sources of information in scientific literature. Information from these two media typically reinforce and complement each other, thus simplifying the process for human to extract and comprehend information. However, machines cannot create the links or have the semantic understanding between images and text. We propose to integrate text analysis and image processing techniques to bridge the gap between the two media, and discover knowledge from the combined information sources, which would be otherwise lost by traditional single-media based mining systems. The focus is on the chemical entity extraction task because images are well known to add value to the textual content in chemical literature. Annotation of US chemical patent documents demonstrates the effectiveness of our proposal.