Moreover, the investor, the oncologist, and the airline manager are all in a situation where the number of available options or alternatives is very large or even infinite. There are infinitely many ways to invest money and infinitely many possible radiotherapy treatments, but the number of feasible crew schedules is finite, albeit astronomical in practice. The alternatives are therefore described by constraints, rather than explicitly known: the sums invested in every stock must equal the total invested; the radiotherapy treatment must meet physical and clinical constraints; crew schedules must ensure that each flight has exactly one crew assigned to operate it. Mathematically, the alternatives are described by vectors in variable or decision space; the set of all vectors satisfying the constraints is called the feasible set in decision space. The consequences or attributes of the alternatives are described as vectors in objective or outcome space, where outcome (objective) vectors are a function of the decision (variable) vectors.