Online Conditional Outlier Detection in Nonstationary Time Series

Liu, Siqi (University of Pittsburgh) | Wright, Adam (Brigham and Women's Hospital and Harvard Medical School) | Hauskrecht, Milos (University of Pittsburgh)

AAAI Conferences 

The objective of this work is to develop methods for detecting outliers in time series data. Such methods can become the key component of various monitoring and alerting systems, where an outlier may be equal to some adverse condition that needs human attention. However, real-world time series are often affected by various sources of variability present in the environment that may influence the quality of detection; they may (1) explain some of the changes in the signal that would otherwise lead to false positive detections, as well as, (2) reduce the sensitivity of the detection algorithm leading to increase in false negatives. To alleviate these problems, we propose a new two-layer outlier detection approach that first tries to model and account for the nonstationarity and periodic variation in the time series, and then tries to use other observable variables in the environment to explain any additional signal variation. Our experiments on several data sets in different domains show that our method provides more accurate modeling of the time series, and that it is able to significantly improve outlier detection performance.

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