We propose a deep learning method for event-driven stock market prediction. First, events are extracted from news text, and represented as dense vectors, trained using a novel neural tensor network. Second, a deep convolutional neural network is used to model both short-term and long-term influences of events on stock price movements. Experimental results show that our model can achieve nearly 6% improvements on S&P 500 index prediction and individual stock prediction, respectively, compared to state-of-the-art baseline methods.
Learning representations from data is one of the fundamental problems of artificial intelligence and machine learning. Many different approaches exist for learning representations, but what constitutes a good representation is not yet well understood. In this work, we view the problem of representation learning as one of learning features (e.g., hidden units of neural networks) such that performance of the underlying base system continually improves. We study an important case where learning is done fully online (i.e., on an example-by-example basis) from an unending stream of data, and the computational cost of the learning element should not grow with time or cannot be much more than that of the performance element. Few methods can be used effectively in this case.
In his 1997 paper on solving Rubik's Cube optimally using IDA* and pattern database heuristics (PDBs), Rich Korf conjectured that there was an inverse relationship between the size of a PDB and the amount of time required for IDA* to solve a problem instance on average. In the current paper, I examine the implications of this relationship, in particular how it limits the ability of abstraction-based heuristic methods, such as PDBs, to scale to larger problems. My overall conclusion is that abstraction will play an important, but auxiliary role in heuristic search systems of the future, in contrast to the primary role it played in Korf's Rubik's Cube work and in much work since.
This paper introduces a novel approach for abstraction selection in reinforcement learning problems modelled as factored Markov decision processes (MDPs), for which a state is described via a set of state components. In abstraction selection, an agent must choose an abstraction from a set of candidate abstractions, each build up from a different combination of state components.
We suggest to employ propositional satisfiability techniques in solving a problem of cooperative multi-robot path-finding optimally. Several propositional encodings of path-finding problems have been suggested recently. In this paper we evaluate how efficient these encodings are in solving certain cases of cooperative path-findings problems optimally. Particularly, a case where robots have multiple optional locations as their targets is considered in this paper.
A mutex pair in a state space is a pair of assignments of values to state variables that does not occur in any reachable state. Detecting mutex pairs is a problem that has been addressed frequently in the planning literature. In this paper, we present the Coarse Abstraction (CA) method, a new efficient method for detecting mutex pairs in state spaces represented with multi-valued variables. CA detects mutex pairs based on exhaustive search in a collection of very small abstract state spaces. While in general CA may miss some mutex pairs, we provide a formal guarantee that CA finds all mutex pairs under a simple and quite natural condition. Using this formal guarantee, we prove that these properties hold for a range of common benchmark domains. We also show that CA can find all mutex pairs even if the formal guarantee is not satisfied. Finally, we show that CA's effectiveness depends on how the domain is represented, and that it can fail to find mutex pairs in some domains and representations.
In this paper, we present an efficient algorithm for verifying path-consistency on a binary constraint network. The complexities of our algorithm beat the previous conjectures on the lower bounds for verifying path-consistency. We therefore defeat the proofs for several published results that incorrectly rely on these conjectures. Our algorithm is motivated by the idea of reformulating path-consistency verification as fast matrix multiplication. Further, for a computational model that counts arithmetic operations (rather than bit operations), a clever use of the properties of prime numbers allows us to design an even faster variant of the algorithm. Based on our algorithm, we hope to inspire a new class of techniques for verifying and even establishing varying levels of local-consistency on given constraint networks.
Many real-world applications require the successful combination of spatial and temporal reasoning. In this paper, we study the general framework of the Traveling Salesman Problem with Simple Temporal Constraints. Representationally, this framework subsumes the Traveling Salesman Problem, Simple Temporal Problems, as well as many of the frameworks described in the literature. We analyze the theoretical properties of the combined problem providing strong inapproximability results for the general problem, and positive results for some special cases.
Many works have studied the properties of CSPs which are based on the structures of constraint networks, or based on the features of compatibility relations. Studies on structures rely generally on properties of graphs for binary CSPs and on properties of hypergraphs for the general case, that is CSPs with constraints of arbitrary arity. In the second case, using the dual representation of hypergraphs, that is a reformulation of the instances, we can exploit notions and properties of graphs. For the studies of compatibility relations, the exploitation of properties of graphs is possible studying a graph called microstructure which allows to reformulate instances of binary CSP. Unfortunately, this approach is limited to CSPs with binary constraints.
AI Planning is inherently hard and hence it is desirable to derive as much information as we can from the structure of the planning problem and let this information be exploited by a planner. Many recent planners use the finite-domain state-variable representation of the problem instead of the traditional propositional representation. However, most planning problems are still specified in the propositional representation due to the widespread modeling language PDDL and it is hard to generate a compact and computationally efficient state variable representation from the propositional model. In this paper we propose a novel method for automaticallygenerating an efficient state-variable representation from the propositional representation. This method groups sets of propositions into state variables based onthe mutex relations introduced in the planning graph. As we shall show experimentally, our method outperforms the current state-of-the-art method both in the smaller number of generated state variables and in the increased performance of planners.