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Data Science

Using Algorithms to Deliver Disaster Aid

Communications of the ACM

Over the past decade, machine learning-based algorithms have been deployed across a wide range of use cases and industries. From the algorithms that assess an individual's creditworthiness, to algorithms that serve up suggested movies and shows to watch on Netflix, the impact of Big Data, analytics, and automation are felt daily by nearly everyone. One area of life where algorithms have not yet been perfected is with payments made by government or relief organizations to people in the aftermath of a crisis, emergency, or natural disaster, where getting financial relief to the people who need it most is critical. Though there have been pilot programs and limited use of artificial intelligence (AI) to provide targeted aid, the practice is far from widespread. Key drivers behind the desire to incorporate more automation and data analysis into aid dispersion is the time-consuming nature of assessing who is eligible to receive aid, and then ensuring that aid is only delivered to those legitimate recipients.

Microsoft unveils Fabric analytics program, OneLake data lake to span cloud providers


Responding to the increasing size of data analysis projects, but also to its customers desire to trim their budgets on cloud spend, Microsoft on Tuesday unveiled Fabric, what it bills as an "an end-to-end, unified analytics platform that brings together all the data and analytics tools that organizations need." The announcement comes as part of the software giant's three-day Build conference for developers that kicks off today in Seattle. The Fabric workload essentially combines multiple applications, including the company's main analytics application, PowerBI, with its tools for large, enterprise-class analytics across multiple data stores, Synapse, its Azure OpenAI artificial intelligence service developed with the startup OpenAI, and wraps it all in a Microsoft calls unified compute and storage. "Customers can purchase a single pool of compute that powers all Fabric workloads," says Microsoft. "The universal compute capacities significantly reduce costs, as any unused compute capacity in one workload can be utilized by any of the workloads."

'It doesn't work': Migrants struggle with US immigration app

Al Jazeera

Tijuana, Mexico – Standing in a common area of the Casa del Migrante shelter in the Mexican border city of Tijuana, Maria taps her phone screen but can't get the app she is using to work. Maria and her family fled their native Haiti to Venezuela years ago. But recent Venezuelan economic and political instability forced them to leave that country, too, and she said they are now hoping to apply for asylum in the United States. But she and her husband and daughter have tried every day for the last month to get a US immigration appointment through the country's new CBP One app -- to no avail. And without a CBP One appointment, the family faces steep consequences should they try to cross the border irregularly, including being deported back to Haiti and barred from entering the US for up to five years.

Could these creepy dead stuffed birds be used as drones for the military?

FOX News

Kurt "The Cyberguy" Knutsson explains how scientists managed to turn dead birds into drones that can potentially spy on people. Remember the satirical "Birds Aren't Real" conspiracy theory that took the internet by storm, claiming that birds were not real animals – instead, government surveillance drones? Well, you might want to hold onto your feathers because it seems researchers have accidentally turned this seemingly outlandish concept into a reality. What are these "Bird Drones"? In a groundbreaking project published by the American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics, a group of scientists explain how they managed to turn dead birds into drones that can potentially spy on people.

The UAE's transition to a net-zero future

MIT Technology Review

Building the low-carbon industries of the future means leveraging advanced and emerging technologies like AI, IoT, and robotics to improve efficiency, incentivizing energy efficiency among manufacturers, and promoting scalable decarbonization best practices. As one of the world's largest integrated energy companies, ADNOC, is faced with a generational challenge of minimizing emissions while maximizing energy outputs, says ADNOC Executive Director of Low Carbon Solutions and International Growth, Musabbeh Al Kaabi. Beyond implementing nature-based solutions such as mangrove planting, ADNOC is implementing and piloting new technology to permanently remove carbon through mineralization, says Al Kaabi. Startups and players outside the traditional energy sector are also emerging with new innovations employing AI, supercomputing, and big data analytics that can help accelerate the energy transition. By establishing a resilient science and technology ecosystem within the UAE and investing in clean energy projects and renewables worldwide, the nation looks to address climate change challenges regionally and globally, says Al Amiri. Looking forward, these investments and policies will create new green business models and services that can enable the UAE to achieve both carbon neutrality and strong economic growth through its pragmatic, resilient, and inclusive approach.

How Elon Musk and Reddit are leading a war on AI web scraping

New Scientist

The rapid progress in artificial intelligence in recent months is partly due to training on vast data sets of text and images, scraped for free from the internet. Although automated web scraping by search engines has been accepted by website owners for decades, the economic shift being brought about by AI has triggered a rethink.

Tech to drive job changes for quarter of all workers over five years

The Japan Times

Global labor markets are poised for a new era of turbulence as technologies like artificial intelligence accelerate the decline of clerical work, while simultaneously increasing demand for technology and cybersecurity specialists. Over the next five years, nearly a quarter of all jobs will change as a result of AI, digitization and other economic developments like the green energy transition and supply chain re-shoring, according to a report published by the World Economic Forum in Geneva on Monday. While the study expects AI to result in "significant labor-market disruption," the net impact of most technologies will be positive over the next five years as big data analytics, management technologies and cybersecurity become the biggest drivers of employment growth. This could be due to a conflict with your ad-blocking or security software. Please add and to your list of allowed sites.

Police using AI could lead to 'predictive' crime prevention 'slippery slope,' experts argue

FOX News

Recording Industry Association of America CEO Mitch Glazier says the Human Artistry Campaign aims to protect professional creators' rights to their performances, voices and likenesses after AI creates Drake and The Weeknd songs. A pilot program in the U.K. to enhance police capabilities via artificial intelligence has proven successful but could pave the way for a slide into a future of "predictive policing," experts told Fox News Digital. "Artificial intelligence is a tool, like a firearm is a tool, and it can be useful, it can be deadly," Christopher Alexander, CCO of Liberty Blockchain, told Fox News Digital. "In terms of the Holy Grail here, I really think it is the predictive analytics capability that if they get better at that, you have some very frightening capabilities." British police in different communities have experimented with an artificial intelligence-powered (AI) system to help catch drivers committing violations, such as using their phones while driving or driving without a seat belt.

Ballooning AI-driven facial recognition industry sparks concern over bias, privacy: 'You are being identified'

FOX News

AI strategist Lisa Palmer and privacy consultant Jodi Daniels discuss privacy concerns around the acquisition of biometric data. A significant expansion in Artificial intelligence (AI) facial recognition technology is increasingly being deployed to catch criminals, but experts express concern about the impact on personal privacy and data. According to the Allied Market Research data firm, the facial recognition industry, which was valued at $3.8 billion in 2020, will have grown to $16.7 billion by 2030. Lisa Palmer, an AI strategist, said it is important to understand that an individual's data largely feeds what happens from an AI perspective, especially within a generative framework. While there has been data recorded on citizens for decades, today's surveillance is different because of the quantity and quality of the data recorded as well as how it's being used, according to Palmer.

ChatGPT's artificial intelligence can produce artificial truth

FOX News

Twitter CEO Elon Musk provides insight on the consequences of developing artificial intelligence and the potential impact on elections on'Tucker Carlson Tonight.' ChatGPT is being touted as the superpowered AI of science fiction lore, with the potential to inflame academic dishonesty, render jobs obsolete, and perpetuate political bias. Unsurprisingly, governments are now taking heavy-handed, drastic measures to combat this perceived AI problem. Italy's recent ChatGPT ban has prompted several countries – including France, Ireland, Germany and Canada – to consider similar policies blocking OpenAI's popular artificial intelligence program. According to the Italian Data Protection Authority, ChatGPT does not have "any legal basis that justifies the massive collection and storage of personal data." The agency gave the company 20 days to respond with changes or face a hefty multimillion-dollar fine.