Semantic Networks

Ido Dagan: Open Knowledge Graphs: Consolidating and Exploring Textual Information


IDO DAGAN TITLE: Open Knowledge Graphs: Consolidating and Exploring Textual Information ABSTRACT: How can we capture effectively the information expressed in multiple texts? How can we allow people, as well as computer applications, to easily explore it? The current semantic NLP pipeline typically ends at the single sentence level, putting the burden on applications to consolidate related information that is spread across different texts. Further, semantic representations are often based on non-trivial pre-specified schemata, which require expert annotation and hence complicate the creation of large scale corpora for effective training. In this talk, I will outline a proposal for a novel open representation of the information exressed jointly by multiple texts, which we term Open Knowledge Graphs (OKG).

Kojien dictionary definition for 'LGBT' criticized for inaccuracy by advocates

The Japan Times

The publisher of Kojien, the nation's most authoritative dictionary, has drawn complaints from advocates for sexual minorities for incorrectly defining the term, "LGBT," in its latest edition released Friday.

Efficient Parallel Translating Embedding For Knowledge Graphs Artificial Intelligence

Knowledge graph embedding aims to embed entities and relations of knowledge graphs into low-dimensional vector spaces. Translating embedding methods regard relations as the translation from head entities to tail entities, which achieve the state-of-the-art results among knowledge graph embedding methods. However, a major limitation of these methods is the time consuming training process, which may take several days or even weeks for large knowledge graphs, and result in great difficulty in practical applications. In this paper, we propose an efficient parallel framework for translating embedding methods, called ParTrans-X, which enables the methods to be paralleled without locks by utilizing the distinguished structures of knowledge graphs. Experiments on two datasets with three typical translating embedding methods, i.e., TransE [3], TransH [17], and a more efficient variant TransE- AdaGrad [10] validate that ParTrans-X can speed up the training process by more than an order of magnitude.

Taiwan objects to Kojien dictionary's definition of the independent island state

The Japan Times

The publisher of Kojien, the most authoritative dictionary in Japan, has been stuck between a rock and a hard place over its definition of Taiwan as a province of China, prompting a request for a correction from the self-ruled island.

KSR: A Semantic Representation of Knowledge Graph within a Novel Unsupervised Paradigm Artificial Intelligence

Knowledge representation is a long-history topic in AI, which is very important. A variety of models have been proposed for knowledge graph embedding, which projects symbolic entities and relations into continuous vector space. However, most related methods merely focus on the data-fitting of knowledge graph, and ignore the interpretable semantic expression. Thus, traditional embedding methods are not friendly for applications that require semantic analysis, such as question answering and entity retrieval. To this end, this paper proposes a semantic representation method for knowledge graph \textbf{(KSR)}, which imposes a two-level hierarchical generative process that globally extracts many aspects and then locally assigns a specific category in each aspect for every triple. Since both aspects and categories are semantics-relevant, the collection of categories in each aspect is treated as the semantic representation of this triple. Extensive experiments show that our model outperforms other state-of-the-art baselines substantially.

Data Mining in Unusual Domains with Information-rich Knowledge Graph Construction, Inference and Search


The growth of the Web is a success story that has spurred much research in knowledge discovery and data mining. Data mining over Web domains that are unusual is an even harder problem. There are several factors that make a domain unusual. In particular, such domains have significant long tails and exhibit concept drift, and are characterized by high levels of heterogeneity. Notable examples of unusual Web domains include both illicit domains, such as human trafficking advertising, illegal weapons sales, counterfeit goods transactions, patent trolling and cyberattacks, and also non-illicit domains such as humanitarian and disaster relief. Data mining in such domains has the potential for widespread social impact, and is also very challenging technically. In this tutorial, we provide an overview, using demos, examples and case studies, of the research landscape for data mining in unusual domains, including recent work that has achieved state-of-the-art results in constructing knowledge graphs in a variety of unusual domains, followed by inference and search using both command line and graphical interfaces.

Onboarding to Enterprise Knowledge Graphs - DATAVERSITY


Enterprise Knowledge Graph vendors are working hard to find their place in the heart of businesses, helping them do more with and get more out of their mountains of data. Recently, for example, Stardog has adopted its leading Knowledge Graph platform to be "FIBO-aware," mapping to the Financial Industry Business Ontology (FIBO) semantic standards out-of-the-box. GraphPath launched what it says is the first Knowledge-Graph-as-a-Service (KGaaS) platform. And Maana, with its Knowledge Graph-centered Knowledge Platform, has been talking up its partnerships with clients like Shell to drive digital transformation efforts. As part of these efforts, work is underway to make it easier for businesses to adopt these solutions – for experts like data engineers who will manage the graphs, of course, but also for the business users who will consume data from them via different applications that developers create.