"A semantic network or net is a graphic notation for representing knowledge in patterns of interconnected nodes and arcs. Computer implementations of semantic networks were first developed for artificial intelligence and machine translation, but earlier versions have long been used in philosophy, psychology, and linguistics. What is common to all semantic networks is a declarative graphic representation that can be used either to represent knowledge or to support automated systems for reasoning about knowledge. Some versions are highly informal, but other versions are formally defined systems of logic. ...The oldest known semantic network was drawn in the 3rd century AD by the Greek philosopher Porphyry in his commentary on Aristotle's categories."
– from John F. Sowa, Semantic Networks, revised and extended version of article originally written for the Encyclopedia of Artificial Intelligence, edited by Stuart C. Shapiro, Wiley, 1987, second edition, 1992.
Data.world, a vendor offering a knowledge graph powered, cloud-native enterprise data catalog solution, has announced it has closed a $26 million round of venture capital funding led by Tech Pioneers Fund. The latest infusion of capital puts the total raised by Data.world at $71.3 million. Two years after the unveiling of its enterprise offering, Data.world is showing strong growth and keeps evolving its offering. The company wants to use the investment to accelerate its agile data governance initiatives, scale to meet increased market demand for its enterprise platform, and continue to deliver its brand of product and customer service. We take the opportunity to review its progress, and through it, the prospects for the sector at large.
This is a problem if we want AIs to be trustworthy. That's why Diffbot takes a different approach. It is building an AI that reads every page on the entire public web, in multiple languages, and extracts as many facts from those pages as it can. Like GPT-3, Diffbot's system learns by vacuuming up vast amounts of human-written text found online. But instead of using that data to train a language model, Diffbot turns what it reads into a series of three-part factoids that relate one thing to another: subject, verb, object.
Save the date for this informative day of online presentations on how the Neo4j graph database and Neo4j Bloom are powering mission-critical applications in the Telecommunications industry. Sign up to get more info on Neo4j presentation topics and speakers as it becomes available. If you're unable to make the full day of talks, that's okay! All talks will be sent out to registered attendees after the event.
Don't try to put the cart before the horse: realize that efficient data preparation (and thus interoperable standards) and data quality, especially in the enterprise environment, are a basic requirement for all applications of artificial intelligence. The development of competences and experts in the field of artificial intelligence must take place at least parallel to the process of every technological decision, but not at the end of the implementation of an AI strategy. Outsourcing must not be part of this strategy. 'Not to boil the ocean', in other words: small, agile, consecutive pilot projects alone are not enough to develop an AI strategy. Parallel to the pilot phase, a more far-reaching strategy should be developed together with the management to promote cross-departmental, process-independent and data-driven decision-making and activities.
Hybrid Computing, and thus Hybrid Analytics are concepts which are undergoing accelerated mutations, with the introduction of Edge and Fog Computing, in the wake of new mobility and IoT communication protocols, technologies and practices being phased in the Industry on a daily basis, 5G being its latest illustration. Our objective will be to shed some light on the various impacts, both positive and challenging, that these transformations impose on Cloud Analytics. This session will first address what these changes spell out for Cloud Analytics and in particular, what are the new considerations, key assets and enabling paradigms being introduced, both in terms of functional architectures and underlying infrastructures supporting the ingestion, distributed treatment and produced insights, in the cloud, in the fog, and at the edge, along with the unlocked potentials but also the pitfalls associated to them. As a part in these considerations, the session will address the intrinsic security, information privacy and data protection concerns, and the specific hybrid specificities which allow for new ways to compartment privacy and protect anonymity while maintaining the same descriptive and predictive capabilities. Unfortunately, we'll see that these new hybrid architectures can also harbor new combinations of vulnerabilities.
One of the challenges with modern machine learning systems is that they are very heavily dependent on large quantities of data to make them work well. This is especially the case with deep neural nets, where lots of layers means lots of neural connections which requires large amounts of data and training to get to the point where the system can provide results at acceptable levels of accuracy and precision. Indeed, the ultimate implementation of this massive data, massive network vision is the currently much-vaunted Open AI GPT-3, which is so large that it can predict and generate almost any text with surprising magical wizardry. However, in many ways, GPT-3 is still a big data magic trick. Indeed, Professor Luis Perez-Breva makes this exact point when he says that what we call machine learning isn't really learning at all.
This project introduces a novel model: the Knowledge Graph Convolutional Network (KGCN), available free to use from the GitHub repo under Apache licensing. It's written in Python, and available to install via pip from PyPi. The principal idea of this work is to forge a bridge between knowledge graphs, automated logical reasoning, and machine learning, using Grakn as the knowledge graph. A KGCN can be used to create vector representations, embeddings, of any labelled set of Grakn Things via supervised learning. There are many benefits to storing complex and interrelated data in a knowledge graph, not least that the context of each datapoint can be stored in full.
The next time you search for and tap on an image on Google, you may see some helpful information related to what's on your screen. The company is now more deeply integrating its Knowledge Graph with pictures that it finds online. Say you're paging through photos of famous buildings as in the GIF above, you'll see a new element of the interface that highlights people, places or things related to the current picture. You can then tap on these to find out more information about them. As usual, you'll also see prompts for related searches. If you've ever searched for something and seen a panel to the side of the main interface that displays some facts related to your query, then you've seen the Knowledge Graph in action.
The number of studies about COVID-19 has risen exponentially from the start of the pandemic, from around 20,000 in early March to over 30,000 as of late June. In an effort to help clinicians digest the vast amount of biomedical knowledge in the literature, researchers affiliated with Columbia, Brandeis, Darpa, UCLA, and UIUC developed a framework -- COVID-KG -- that draws on papers to answer natural language questions about drug purposing and more. The sheer volume of COVID-19 research makes it difficult to sort the wheat from the chaff. Some false information has been promoted on social media and in publication venues like journals. And many results about the virus from different labs and sources are redundant, complementary, or would appear to conflict.
Many systems have been developed in recent years to mine logical rules from large-scale Knowledge Graphs (KGs), on the grounds that representing regularities as rules enables both the interpretable inference of new facts, and the explanation of known facts. Among these systems, the walk-based methods that generate the instantiated rules containing constants by abstracting sampled paths in KGs demonstrate strong predictive performance and expressivity. However, due to the large volume of possible rules, these systems do not scale well where computational resources are often wasted on generating and evaluating unpromising rules. In this work, we address such scalability issues by proposing new methods for pruning unpromising rules using rule hierarchies. The approach consists of two phases. Firstly, since rule hierarchies are not readily available in walk-based methods, we have built a Rule Hierarchy Framework (RHF), which leverages a collection of subsumption frameworks to build a proper rule hierarchy from a set of learned rules. And secondly, we adapt RHF to an existing rule learner where we design and implement two methods for Hierarchical Pruning (HPMs), which utilize the generated hierarchies to remove irrelevant and redundant rules. Through experiments over four public benchmark datasets, we show that the application of HPMs is effective in removing unpromising rules, which leads to significant reductions in the runtime as well as in the number of learned rules, without compromising the predictive performance.