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The Rise of the Transformers: Explaining the Tech Underlying GPT-3

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The capabilities of GPT -3 has led to a debate between some as to whether or not GPT-3 and its underlying architecture will enable Artificial General Intelligence (AGI) in the future against those (many being from the school of logic and symbolic AI) who believe that without some form of logic there can be no AGI. The truth of the matter is that we don't know as we don't really fully understand the human brain. With science and engineering we work upon the basis of observation and testing. This section also addresses points raised by Esaú Flores. Gary Grossman in an article entitled Are we entering the AI Twilight Zone between AI and AGI? observed that in February 2020, Geoffrey Hinton, the University of Toronto professor who is a pioneer of Deep Learning, noted: "There are one trillion synapses in a cubic centimeter of the brain. If there is such a thing as general AI, [the system] would probably require one trillion synapses." The human brain has a huge number of synapses. Each of the 1011 (one hundred billion) neurons has on average 7,000 synaptic connections (synapses) to other neurons. It has been estimated that the brain of a three-year-old child has about 1015 synapses (1 quadrillion).


Document grounded generation

AIHub

Figure 1: Document Grounded Generation – An example of a conversation that is grounded in the given document (text in green shows information from the document that was used to generate the response). Natural language generation (NLG) systems are increasingly expected to be naturalistic, content-rich, and situation-aware due to their popularity and pervasiveness in human life. This is particularly relevant in dialogue systems, machine translation systems, story generation, and question answering systems. Despite these mainstream applications, NLG systems face the challenges of being bland, devoid of content, generating generic outputs and hallucinating information (Wiseman et al., EMNLP 2017; Li et al., NAACL 2016; Holtzman et al., ICLR 2020). Grounding the generation in different modalities like images, videos, and structured data alleviates some of these issues. Generating natural language from schematized or structured data such as database records, slot-value pair, and Wikipedia Infobox has been explored extensively in prior work.


Google Software Engineering Manager Prep bundle: Get this training package for just $40

ZDNet

Since the five biggest tech companies – Google, Apple, Microsoft, Amazon, and Facebook -- don't really care where their employees learn their skills, there's no reason to take out heavy loans or even time away from your current position to break into a well-paid career in the tech industry. And if you aren't sure exactly which field to pursue, you're in luck. The 2021 Google Software Engineering Manager Prep Bundle offers train-at-your-own pace courses across a wide variety of topics. What is low-code and no-code? Budding web developers can benefit from the "UI Design" and "JavaFX: Build Beautiful User Interfaces" courses.


Attackers can elicit 'toxic behavior' from AI translation systems, study finds

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Neural machine translation (NMT), or AI techniques that can translate between languages, is in widespread use today owing to its robustness and versatility. But it's been shown that NMT systems can be manipulated if provided prompts containing certain words, phrases, or alphanumeric symbols. For example, in 2015, Google fixed a bug that caused Google Translate to offer homophobic slurs like "poof" and "queen" to those translating the word "gay" from English into Spanish, French, or Portuguese. In another glitch, Reddit users discovered that typing repeated words like "dog" into Translate and asking the system to translate into English yielded "doomsday predictions." A new study from researchers at the University of Melbourne, Facebook, Twitter, and Amazon suggests that NMT systems are even more vulnerable than previously believed.


These Headphones Translate Foreign Languages on the Fly

WIRED

A few years ago, I spent a day at Suntory's Yamazaki Distillery outside of Kyoto, Japan. There's a bar at the end of the tour, and (pro tip) it's one of the only places in the world you can get Suntory's whiskeys at cost. When I purchased my first glass of whiskey, a pair of Japanese men who'd taken the Shinkansen in from Tokyo waved me over to their table. Through pantomime, one of them offered me a taste of the whisky in his glass, and we ended up spending hours sampling spirits and talking about Japanese whiskey through the magic of Google Translate on our phones. It was a halting, awkward way to have a conversation, but it was glorious, and it still stands as one of the best experiences of my life.


Landscape Analysis: Neural Machine Translation

#artificialintelligence

The Big 3, when it comes to neural machine translation (NMT), are Google, Microsoft, and Amazon. Among this group, Google is the most dominant in terms of supporting 109 languages compared to Microsoft's 73, and Amazon's 55. Overall, Google is flush with talent, data, and resources, and they leverage those assets to maintain their dominant position. With that said, Google Translate is a tool that businesses like Native can license in order to leverage best-in-class technology. In this sense, Google is currently a key partner and will only become a competitor when Native builds out its own neural translation engine.


Zoom acquires an AI company building real-time translation

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Zoom has announced that it's acquiring a company known as Kites (short for Karlsruhe Information Technology Solutions), which has worked on creating real-time translation and transcription software. Zoom says the acquisition is a move to help it make communicating with people who speak different languages easier, and that it's looking to add translation capabilities to its video conferencing app. According to its site, Kites began at the Karlsruhe Institute of Technology, and its technology was originally developed to act as in-classroom translation for students who needed help understanding the English or German their professors were lecturing in. Zoom already has real-time transcriptions, but it's limited to people who are talking in English. On a support page, Zoom also makes it clear that its current live transcription feature may not meet certain accuracy requirements.


World University Medical School - World University and School Wiki

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Dr. Judy Palfrey is moving to Washington DC from the Boston area to help further Universal Health Care in the Obama administration, I think. WUaS is planning for a "Admitted Students' Day" for the first, matriculating Bachelor's degree class, on or around Saturday, April 14th, 2014, and the second Saturday of April for other degrees in the future. Prevent and Reverse Heart Disease: The Revolutionary, Scientifically Proven, Nutrition-Based Cure. Dr. Dean Ornish's Program for Reversing Heart Disease: The Only System Scientifically Proven to Reverse Heart Disease Without Drugs or Surgery. They highlight cutting-edge research, innovative education programs, and trends in biomedicine through interviews and analysis).


Top 10 Google Products Empowered by Artificial Intelligence

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For the past few years, Google has been dominating the field of artificial intelligence. Google's search engine has revolutionized the internet. From large-scale organizations to kids, Google's search engine has provided every one of us with easier access to information. The company claims that its advancements in technology and enhanced customer service would not have been possible had it not invested in disruptive technologies like artificial intelligence, machine learning, deep learning, and others. This article provides a list of the top 10 products manufactured by Google which are powered by artificial intelligence.


Zoom will have automatic translation in real time to videoconferences after buying the company Kites

#artificialintelligence

Video calling platforms and apps have taken on an unprecedented role since the arrival of Covid-19. One of the most important and popular is Zoom, which will now add a new real-time machine translation feature, after announcing the purchase of communications company Kites . Through its official blog, Zoom announced that they are in negotiations to acquire the company Karlsruhe Information Technology Solutions, abbreviated Kites . It is a German startup "dedicated to the development of real-time machine translation solutions" or MT, for its acronym in English. Zoom said that the acquisition of Kites represents the possibility of eliminating the language gaps between its users.