Student Performance


Push to have robots mark NAPLAN tests under fire from prominent US academic

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From next year, NAPLAN persuasive writing tasks will be marked by an automated essay scoring system. Dr Perelman, a former director of writing at MIT, has published widely on writing assessment and was commissioned by the NSW Teacher's Federation to review a 2015 paper by the Australian Curriculum and Assessment Authority (ACARA) that concluded automated essay scoring was as effective, if not more so, than human markers. "ACARA's extensive research indicates automated marking is as reliable and valid as human marking," Dr Rabinowitz said. NSW Teacher's Federation acting president Gary Zadkovich called on ACARA to suspend its plan to introduce automated essay scoring.


How artificial intelligence is transforming learning

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Shalina Chatlani writing for Education Dive explains, "The education technology market is growing rapidly and expected to hit $252 billion globally by 2020, according to the 2017 Kahoot! The good news is, it is going after the most intractable problems we have all faced in the education system: college application processes, continuing education, peer to peer study guides, and yes, standardized test preparation. "Most independent schools require standardized test scores from either the ISEE or the SSAT as part of the application. But improved test prep technology isn't just about getting kids to score better on standardized tests.


R-NET: Machine Reading Comprehension with Self-matching Networks - Microsoft Research

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In this paper, we introduce R-NET, an end-to-end neural networks model for reading comprehension style question answering, which aims to answer questions from a given passage. We first match the question and passage with gated attention-based recurrent networks to obtain the question-aware passage representation. Then we propose a self-matching attention mechanism to refine the representation by matching the passage against itself, which effectively encodes information from the whole passage. We conduct extensive experiments on the SQuAD and MS-MARCO datasets, and our model achieves the best results on both datasets among all published results.


Job Losses Hurt How A Community's Children Perform In School, Study Says

International Business Times

Plenty of research has documented the adverse impact of a parent's sudden job loss on the average child, in terms of mental health and economic prospects. A 1 percent sudden statewide loss in jobs affects 1.5 percent of students directly -- and indirectly led the remaining 98.5 percent of students to experience "learning losses ... that are about one-third the size of those experienced by children whose parents lose jobs." More specifically, that 1 percent job loss lowered the state's eighth-grade math test scores by 0.057 standard deviations, an amount roughly the same size as the increase that results from intervention efforts intended to boost test scores. "What I see as one of the main points in our study is that the effects on people who lost their job or the children of people who lost their jobs -- there are spillover effects," said Dania Francis, one of the study's authors and an assistant professor of economics at the University of Massachusetts at Amherst.


Could AI Replace Student Testing? - Motherboard

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Technology exists to build realistic education assessments based on artificial intelligence in which students can be evaluated individually and at deep, fine-grained scales. "AI techniques, such as computer modeling and machine learning, are applied to this information and the AI assessment system forms an evaluation of the student's knowledge of the subject area being studied," Luckin explains. If we are to build scaled AI assessment systems that will be welcomed by students, teachers and parents, it will be essential to work with educators and system developers to specify data standards that prioritize both the sharing of data and the ethics underlying data use." Maybe there's some way of starting small, wherein existing student data is used for building learning models and individualizing curricula.


News site makes readers answer questions to prove they understand story before posting comments

The Independent

The giant human-like robot bears a striking resemblance to the military robots starring in the movie'Avatar' and is claimed as a world first by its creators from a South Korean robotic company Waseda University's saxophonist robot WAS-5, developed by professor Atsuo Takanishi and Kaptain Rock playing one string light saber guitar perform jam session A man looks at an exhibit entitled'Mimus' a giant industrial robot which has been reprogrammed to interact with humans during a photocall at the new Design Museum in South Kensington, London Electrification Guru Dr. Wolfgang Ziebart talks about the electric Jaguar I-PACE concept SUV before it was unveiled before the Los Angeles Auto Show in Los Angeles, California, U.S The Jaguar I-PACE Concept car is the start of a new era for Jaguar. Japan's On-Art Corp's CEO Kazuya Kanemaru poses with his company's eight metre tall dinosaur-shaped mechanical suit robot'TRX03' and other robots during a demonstration in Tokyo, Japan Japan's On-Art ...


How Artificial Intelligence Brings About Changes In Education

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Artificial intelligence can check millions of standardized tests and make learning materials in just a short time. Educators taught that answers to open-ended types of tests should be checked only by humans. Students asking questions online can get accurate answers from an Artificial Intelligence. Its potential to cut costs and improve learning will make educators and governments to embrace it, according to Technavio.


How AI will transform education in 2017

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In the K-12 market, we are seeing the effect of the newer, more rigorous academic standards (Common Core, Next Generation Science Standards) shifting the focus toward measuring students' critical thinking and problem-solving skills and preparing them for college and career success in the 21st century. The education industry has primarily three types of players -- content, platform, and assessment providers -- and each is going through a transition. And assessment will continue to play a pivotal role in transforming the education industry as it transitions from multiple-choice tests toward more innovative question types. Instead of a student asking a question, our AI asks a question, the student answers it in natural language, and the AI evaluates the answer and provides instant tutoring feedback.


Software Called Aristo Can Take on High School Science Exams

AITopics Original Links

During which season of the year would a rabbit's fur be thickest? A computer program called Aristo can tell you because it read about bears growing thicker pelts during winter in a fourth-grade study guide, and it knows rabbits are mammals, too. It's studying for New York State's standard science exams. Aristo is being developed by researchers at the Allen Institute for Artificial Intelligence in Seattle, who want to give machines a measure of common sense about the world. The institute's CEO, Oren Etzioni, says the best way to benchmark the development of their digital offspring is to use tests designed for schoolchildren.


The End Of Multiple Choice? The Quest To Create Accurate Robot Essay Graders

AITopics Original Links

What's the best way to prove you "know" something? A. Multiple choice tests B. Essays C. Interviews D. None of the above Go ahead: argue with the premise of the question. Oh yeah, you can't do that on multiple-choice tests. Essays can often better gauge what you know. Writing is integral to many jobs. But despite the fact that everyone can acknowledge that they're a more useful metric, we don't demand students write much on standardized tests because it's daunting to even imagine grading millions of essays.