Collaborating Authors

us government

Artificial intelligence linked to Bin Laden raid is being used to find future threats

FOX News

Fox News Flash top headlines are here. Check out what's clicking on After raiding Usama Bin Laden's compound, the government used artificial intelligence to discover future al-Qaida plans. That CIA-led raid took place on May 2, 2011, killing Bin Laden, America's most wanted terrorist and the founder of al-Qaida, the group responsible for the Sept. 11 attacks. "The large quantity of materials collected from the compound required time for a thorough review," the CIA said in a report about the raid, adding the agency "led a multi-agency task force to prioritize, catalogue, and analyze them for intelligence about al-Qa ida's affiliates, plans and intentions and current threats."

Security Think Tank: AI cyber attacks will be a step-change for criminals


Whether or not your organisation suffers a cyber attack has long been considered a case of'when, not if', with cyber attacks having a huge impact on organisations. In 2018, 2.8 billion consumer data records were exposed in 342 breaches, ranging from credential stuffing to ransomware, at an estimated cost of more than $654bn. In 2019, this had increased to an exposure of 4.1 billion records. While the use of artificial intelligence (AI) and machine learning as a primary offensive tool in cyber attacks is not yet mainstream, its use and capabilities are growing and becoming more sophisticated. In time, cyber criminals will, inevitably, take advantage of AI, and such a move will increase threats to digital security and increase the volume and sophistication of cyber attacks.

Watchdog finds the Pentagon needs to improve artificial intelligence project management


Poor management of artificial intelligence projects in the Department of Defense could erode the United States' competitive advantage in the emerging technology, the Defense Department's watchdog warned in a July 1 report. The DoD inspector general suggested the Joint Artificial Intelligence Center, established to facilitate the adoption of artificial intelligence tools across the department, take several steps to improve project management, including determining a standard definition of artificial intelligence, improving data sharing and developing a process to accurately track artificial intelligence programs. The JAIC missed a March 2020 deadline to release a governance framework. It still plans to do so, according to the report, but that date is redacted in the report. The inspector general started the audit to determine the gaps and weaknesses in the department's enterprise-wide AI governance, the responsibility of the JAIC.

Prediction of Overall Rating of a Nursing Home using Machine Learning


The mean, standard deviation, and 75% confidence interval values are maximum for the'Total Amount of Fines in Dollars' feature. The 25% and 50% confidence interval values are maximum for'Number of Certified Beds' and'Average Number of Residents Per Day' columns.

Artificial Intelligence, Augmented Reality & Automation: Technology For Change


Melvin Greer is Chief Data Scientist, Americas, Intel Corporation. He is responsible for building Intel's data science platform through graph analytics, machine learning and cognitive computing to accelerate transformation of data into a strategic asset for Public Sector and commercial enterprises. His systems and software engineering experience has resulted in patented inventions in Cloud Computing, Synthetic Biology and IoT Bio-sensors for edge analytics. He significantly advances the body of knowledge in basic research and critical, highly advanced engineering and scientific disciplines. Mr. Greer is a member of the American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS) and U.S. National Academy of Science, Engineering and Medicine, GUIRR.

Seeing is believing: Effectiveness of facemasks


Currently, there are no specific guidelines on the most effective materials and designs for facemasks to minimize the spread of droplets from coughs or sneezes to mitigate the transmission of COVID-19. While there have been prior studies on how medical-grade masks perform, data on cloth-based coverings used by the vast majority of the general public are sparse. Research from Florida Atlantic University's College of Engineering and Computer Science, just published in the journal Physics of Fluids, demonstrates through visualization of emulated coughs and sneezes, a method to assess the effectiveness of facemasks in obstructing droplets. The rationale behind the recommendation for using masks or other face coverings is to reduce the risk of cross-infection via the transmission of respiratory droplets from infected to healthy individuals. Researchers employed flow visualization in a laboratory setting using a laser light sheet and a mixture of distilled water and glycerin to generate the synthetic fog that made up the content of a cough-jet.

DARPA honors artificial intelligence expert


Best listening experience is on Chrome, Firefox or Safari. The irony of artificial intelligence is how much human brainpower is required to build it. For three years, our next guest had been on loan from the University of Massachusetts, to the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency. There's she headed up several DARPA artificial intelligence projects. Now she's been awarded a high honor, the Meritorious Public Service Medal.

How AI helps historians solve ancient puzzles


Uncovering evidence for historical theories and identifying patterns in past events has long been hindered by the labour-intensive process of inputting data from artefacts and handwritten records. The adoption of artificial intelligence and machine learning techniques is speeding up such research and drawing attention to overlooked information. But this approach, known as "digital humanities", is in a battle for funding against more future-focused applications of AI. "There is a lot of interest in digital humanities, but there is not a lot of money," says Ilan Shimshoni, professor of computer vision and machine learning at the University of Haifa in Israel, where he works on archaeological projects that include reassembling artefacts from photos of fragments. "If you want to do an analysis of Facebook you'll get much more money than if you want to look at ancient Greek artefacts." Archaeological puzzles may not seem as urgent as computer science projects in healthcare, finance and other industries, but applying algorithmic techniques to historical research can improve AI's capabilities, says Ayellet Tal, an archaeological and computer science researcher at Israel's Technion University.

Hackers hijack more than 1,200 accounts in Roblox and flood it with Trump 2020 propaganda

Daily Mail - Science & tech

Hackers have taken over more than 1,200 Roblox accounts, flooding the popular children's video game with Trump 2020 campaign propaganda. Initially, a handful of players reported that they were receiving strange messages in game supporting Donald Trump's reelection campaign, and later other players began noticing avatars wearing Trump-inspired apparel. This included donning red pants, a white shirt with an American flag and bald eagle graphic, and a red baseball cap with white lettering. In the'About' field of each hacked player's main profile page, the message'Ask your parents to vote for Trump this year!#MAGA2020' has replaced the original biographical information. 'Why is my avatar this?' one hacked player posted, according to a report from BBC'I'm not even American.'

U.S. facial recognition technology likely illegal in Europe


A European privacy body said it "has doubts" that using facial recognition technology developed by U.S. company Clearview AI is legal in the EU. Clearview AI allows users to link facial images of an individual to a database of more than 3 billion pictures scraped from social media and other sources. According to media reports, over 600 law enforcement agencies worldwide are using the controversial app. But in a statement Wednesday, the European Data Protection Board said that "the use of a service such as Clearview AI by law enforcement authorities in the European Union would, as it stands, likely not be consistent with the EU data protection regime." The body issued the statement after MEPs raised questions regarding the use of the company's software.