training


AIs that learn from photos become sexist

Daily Mail

In the fourth example, the person pictured is labeled'woman' even though it is clearly a man because of sexist biases in the set that associate kitchens with women Researchers tested two of the largest collections of photos used to train image recognition AIs and discovered that sexism was rampant. However, they AIs associated men with stereotypically masculine activities like sports, hunting, and coaching, as well as objects sch as sporting equipment. 'For example, the activity cooking is over 33 percent more likely to involve females than males in a training set, and a trained model further amplifies the disparity to 68 percent at test time,' reads the paper, titled'Men Also Like Shopping,' which published as part of the 2017 Conference on Empirical Methods on Natural Language Processing. A user shared a photo depicting another scenario in which technology failed to detect darker skin, writing'reminds me of this failed beta test Princeton University conducted a word associate task with the algorithm GloVe, an unsupervised AI that uses online text to understand human language.



The Age of Artificial Intelligence (Part 2): Machine Learning - OpenMind

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ANN's follow something known as Hebb's Rule which says that every time every time a correct decision is made, the neural pathways are reinforced / Image: pixabay Another class of AI software, called Artificial Neural Networks (ANNs), do not use explicit knowledge stored as rules of operation. Learning is accomplished by using a "training set" of example cases, which is repeatedly analysed in order to extract patterns of data. However, in recent years, ANNs using unsupervised algorithms have made a massive impact on the field of AI. Their features vary, but will typically recognise voice input and enable interaction, music playback, setting reminders, provided spoken voice links to customer database contacts and more.


DART: Dropout Regularization in Boosting Ensembles

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The idea of DART is to build an ensemble by randomly dropping boosting tree members. The percentage of dropouts can determine the degree of regularization for boosting tree ensembles. For the comparison purpose, we first developed a boosting tree ensemble without dropouts, as shown below. As shown below, by dropping 10% tree members, ROC for the testing set can increase from 0.60 to 0.65.


Lessons Learned From Benchmarking Fast Machine Learning Algorithms

@machinelearnbot

A key challenge in training boosted decision trees is the computational cost of finding the best split for each leaf. However, the CPU results for BCI and Planet Kaggle datasets, as well as the GPU result for BCI, show that XGBoost hist takes considerably longer than standard XGBoost. This is due to the large size of the datasets, as well as the large number of features, which causes considerable memory overhead for XGBoost hist. As a side note, the standard implementation of XGBoost (exact split instead of histogram based) does not benefit from GPU either, as compared to multi-core CPU, per this recent paper.


How do you solve a classification machine learning problem using R?

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This guide will introduce you to the fundamentals of the classification machine learning problem using R and how you can apply this into data sets that will generate value for your business. In this classification problem we want to predict which employees will leave the firm and which employees would stay with the firm based on various factors. Now that we understand how the tree works let's shuffle our HR analytics data and split it into training and test sets with the code shown below: We then split the data into training and test sets with 70% of the data being assigned to the training set and 30% of the data being assigned into the test set. The next step is to predict the outcome of training the "train" dataset using the model using the "test" dataset.


Google Releases Deeplearn.js to Further Democratize Machine Learning

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Spreading the use of machine learning tools is one of the goals of Google's PAIR (People AI Research) initiative, which was introduced in early July. Last week the cloud giant released deeplearn.js Writing on the Google Research blog last Friday, software engineers Nikhil Thorat and Daniel Smilkov noted, "There are many reasons to bring machine learning into the browser. Thorat and Smilkov wrote, "While web machine learning libraries have existed for years (e.g., Andrej Karpathy's convnetjs) they have been limited by the speed of Javascript, or have been restricted to inference rather than training (e.g., TensorFire). According to the blog, the API mimics the structure of TensorFlow and NumPy, with a delayed execution model for training (like TensorFlow) and intermediate execution model for inference (like Numpy).


How To Become A Machine Learning Engineer: Learning Path

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Learning will be better if you work on theoretical and practical materials at the same time to get practical experience on the learned material. Fast Style Transfer Network This will show how you can use neural network to transfer styles from famous paintings to any photo. So don't try to figure out solution by yourself -- search for papers, projects, people that can help you. How can I improve tuning of hyperparameters of the models?


Data Science Simplified Part 7: Log-Log Regression Models

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So does it mean for linear regression models? Hypothesis testing discussed the concept of NULL and alternate hypothesis. Simple linear regression models made regression simple. So far the regression models built had only numeric independent variables.


IBM's Watson to Listen in on 911 Calls – MeriTalk

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APCO recently announced that APCO International's new guide card software called APCO IntelliCommä will use IBM Watson Speech-to-Text and Watson Analytics to improve the scripts used by 911 operators. "Its extensive capabilities and unique analytic features will enable public safety communications professionals to improve response times and the quality of care on the scene while enhancing post-action data that's key to continuous improvement back at the PSAP. The APCO IntelliCommä software will use Watson Speech-to-Text and other IBM Watson and machine learning capabilities to understand the context of the emergency calls. That way call center directors can quickly modify training and response communications, as well as provide on-the-spot coaching.