When Sahil Singla joined the social impact startup Farmguide, he was shocked to discover that thousands of rural farmers in India commit suicide every year. When harvests go awry, desperate farmers are forced to borrow from microfinance loan sharks at crippling rates. Unable to pay back these predatory loans, victims kill themselves – often by grisly methods like swallowing pesticides – to escape the threats and violence of their ruthless debt collectors.
In A History of Reading, the Canadian novelist and essayist Alberto Manguel describes a remarkable transformation of human consciousness, which took place around the 10th century A.D.: the advent of silent reading. Human beings have been reading for thousands of years, but in antiquity, the normal thing was to read aloud. When Augustine (the future St. Augustine) went to see his teacher, Ambrose, in Milan, in 384 A.D., he was stunned to see him looking at a book and not saying anything.
Daniel (Danny) Bobrow passed away peacefully at home with his wife Toni and daughters Kimberly and Deborah in Palo Alto, California, on March 20, 2017, having bravely fought a five-month battle with cancer. A pioneer with a long and distinguished research career in Artificial Intelligence as a Research Fellow in the System Sciences Laboratory of the Palo Alto Research Center (PARC), he is remembered as a mentor, friend, and role model for many. Danny served as president of the American Association for Artificial Intelligence (AAAI), president of the Cognitive Science Society, editor-in-chief of the Artificial Intelligence Journal, and also was a recipient of the Association of Computing Machinery (ACM) Software Systems Award and a fellow of both the ACM and AAAI. Danny is survived by his wife, Toni Wagner Bobrow; his children, Kimberly Bobrow Jennery, Deborah Bobrow, and Jordan Bobrow; and his brothers, Michael Bobrow, Robert (Rusty) Bobrow, and Eric Bobrow.