If you are looking for an answer to the question What is Artificial Intelligence? and you only have a minute, then here's the definition the Association for the Advancement of Artificial Intelligence offers on its home page: "the scientific understanding of the mechanisms underlying thought and intelligent behavior and their embodiment in machines."
However, if you are fortunate enough to have more than a minute, then please get ready to embark upon an exciting journey exploring AI (but beware, it could last a lifetime) …
Artificial intelligence is already making significant inroads in taking over mundane, time-consuming tasks many humans would rather not do. The responsibilities and consequences of handing over work to AI vary greatly, though; some autonomous systems recommend music or movies; others recommend sentences in court. Even more advanced AI systems will increasingly control vehicles on crowded city streets, raising questions about safety--and about liability, when the inevitable accidents occur. But philosophical arguments over AI's existential threats to humanity are often far removed from the reality of actually building and using the technology in question. Deep learning, machine vision, natural language processing--despite all that has been written and discussed about these and other aspects of artificial intelligence, AI is still at a relatively early stage in its development.
In the forward to Microsoft's recent book, The Future Computed, executives Brad Smith and Harry Shum proposed that Artificial Intelligence (AI) practitioners highlight their ethical commitments by taking an oath analogous to the Hippocratic Oath sworn by doctors for generations. In the past, much power and responsibility over life and death was concentrated in the hands of doctors. Now, this ethical burden is increasingly shared by the builders of AI software. Of course, AI is not the first technology to confer great responsibility on its designers, not by a long shot. Cloud computing, smartphones, social media platforms, and Internet of Things devices have already transformed how we communicate, work, shop, and socialize.
While the US government seem not yet convinced that AI power would rule the world, China and Dubai appear dead serious about the technology. In fact, Dubai a key member of the Emirates has revealed its plans to grab "soft power," in print, under the new ministry of AI. Yes, you hard that right, artificial intelligence is now a complete cabinet docket that receives government funding like health, security, and other serious ministries. It's this office that keeps the print, which reveals how autonomous robocops might in future patrol around the Dubai Mall. How smart drones will deliver goods to addresses, how flying taxis will lift and drop commuters around the city, and how buslike pods with brains will pick and drop passengers from their doorsteps.
In August, the Bethlehem, Pa., candy maker will begin installing at its factory 16 robots with squishy blue "fingers" that can pick up and hold the pillowy Peeps without bruising them. "We needed something like the human hand," says Brent Edsoren, senior project engineer at Just Born. Robots with pliant, dexterous--and fast--appendages are gaining popularity as companies in retail, food handling and agriculture move toward more automation. Fragile, malleable products that vary in shape and size, such as fruits and vegetables, suffer at the hands of conventional robots, in part because machines lack the highly tuned sensory feedback that humans have at their fingertips. Robotic dexterity is a difficult and not yet fully solved problem, analysts say.
Drones are a perfect example of how our technology has evolved and will continue to grow in the future. So, what exactly does it offer? For casual users, it is just a fun toy. However, drones have use cases in multiple fields, including safety, health, and industry. Until now, drones have gone on a wild ride.
For many cities, here's the toughest pill to swallow: Their mayors don't actually have control of their streets. This is true of the metro Phoenix area, where Google's self-driving sister company Waymo is testing cars without drivers inside. And Miami, where Ford will touch down with self-driving pizza delivery vehicles this month. And Boston, where cars powered by the developer NuTonomy are picking people up near the seaport.
In 2021 the UK government intends the country to be well on its way to a driverless future. No, not a cheap joke about Brexit -- yesterday it announced a three-year regulatory review to "pave the way for self-driving cars". The law review meshes with that goal, though the government is clearly giving itself a very tight timetable for resolving regulatory complications and passing the necessary legislation. The myriad technological challenges of ensuring autonomous vehicles can operate safety and efficiently in all weather conditions are really just one portion of the challenge here. Other major barriers include things like public acceptance of self-driving technology, and liability and insurance complications that arise once you remove human drivers from the mix -- raising questions like how do you apportion blame when something goes wrong?
Digital innovation strategies incorporating the Industrial Internet of Things (IIoT) are top-of-mind for oil and gas operators working to achieve greater productivity and lower costs, even in the face of escalating prices. While the use of connected equipment to help improve operational visibility and control isn't new, advances in software and analytics capacity give operators an entirely new asset for business improvement: data.
This year, Co.Design asked a handful of design firms to take on the moral dilemma of self-driving car decision-making: What does a car do when it has to choose between saving its passenger and saving a pedestrian? Their solutions included smart roads, flying airbags, and air traffic control-style systems.