If you are looking for an answer to the question What is Artificial Intelligence? and you only have a minute, then here's the definition the Association for the Advancement of Artificial Intelligence offers on its home page: "the scientific understanding of the mechanisms underlying thought and intelligent behavior and their embodiment in machines."
However, if you are fortunate enough to have more than a minute, then please get ready to embark upon an exciting journey exploring AI (but beware, it could last a lifetime) …
Whether the impact of this emerging science is positive or negative is left for individuals to decide. But then, there is no doubt that artificial intelligence is a companion that needs to be tamed and control to ensure safety for humanity. Shortly before the industrial revolution, there was widespread panic about machines doing the work of humans and eventually making many jobless. Well, that ended up not being as true as people thought and the world is better for it. That kind of panic, however, is gradually coming back, and many people are afraid for their jobs.
In the following sections, we will present a few examples of how power management electronics can come to the rescue in each case. The smaller PCB size that results from miniaturization presents a challenge for thermal dissipation. Thermal management options, such as heatsinks, are ruled out since board space is at a premium. Fans for forced airflow cannot be used due to sealed enclosures that prevent ingress of dust and pollutants. Therefore, it is crucial that the power-supply solution is extremely efficient, while delivering higher power and occupying a smaller area than ever before. Industrial applications are characterized by a 24V nominal DC voltage bus that has its history in old analog relays and remains the de-facto industry standard. However, the maximum operating voltage for industrial applications is expected to be 36V to 40V for non-critical equipment, while critical equipment, such as controllers, actuators, and safety modules, must support 60V (IEC 61131-2, 60664-1, and 61508 SIL standards). Popular output voltages are 3.3V and 5V with currents varying from 10mA in small sensors to tens of amps in motion control, CNC, and PLC applications. Thus, the obvious choice for industrial control applications is a step-down (buck) voltage regulator (Figure 4).
By means of the CTBC systems, the exact position of a train is known more precisely than with the regular signaling systems. This results in a more efficient and safe way to manage the railway traffic. Metros and other railway systems are able to improve headways while maintaining or even improving safety. The main objective of the CTBC is to increase capacity by reducing the time interval (headway) between trains. Traditional signaling systems detect trains in discrete sections of the track called'blocks', each protected by signals that prevent a train from entering an occupied block.
Construction workers are killed on the job five times more often than other laborers. Now a new kind of construction worker--a data scientist--aims to use artificial intelligence to predict the likelihood of injury and intervene. Suffolk, a Boston-based general contractor with annual sales of $3 billion, is developing an algorithm that analyzes photos from its job sites, scans them for safety hazards such as workers not wearing protective equipment, and correlates the images with its accident records. The company is still fine-tuning the technology but says it could potentially compute "risk ratings" for projects so safety briefings can be held when an elevated threat is detected. Suffolk is also writing an algorithm that would parse information from a variety of sources, including 10 years of scheduling data from its archives, and forecast project delays--information that could be communicated to building owners and subcontractors.
Tesla is updating its Autopilot software to make it clearer when drivers need to have their hands on the wheel. In the wake of a fatal Tesla crash in California, the electric car maker began flashing warnings in cars every 30 seconds that'nag' users to'hold the wheel.' But many were annoyed and confused when the warnings didn't go away, even after applying a'white knuckle death grip.' Now, Tesla boss Elon Musk says Tesla will update the system so it's not so naggy. Tesla is updating its Autopilot software to make it clearer when drivers should have their hands on the wheel. A previous update would warn drivers every 30 seconds to'hold the wheel' A Tesla owner tweeted at Musk complaining that the new Autopilot update, released a few days ago, is a'pain' and that it required him to constantly hold the wheel to keep the warnings at bay. 'Will be adjusting screen alert to clarify that we mean'slight up or downward force on the wheel,' not really'hold the wheel'', Musk replied in a tweet on Wednesday.
The use of artificial intelligence (AI) in a variety of different industries and sectors has exploded over the past few years. From healthcare and finance to agriculture and cyber security, there are now fewer and fewer businessesand enterprises that are unaware of the benefits AI could bring to their area of expertise. The retail industry is one of many commercial and industrial sectors that have already begun to implement and integrate the first wave of AI-enhanced technologies into their business operations and there are currently a growing number of use cases and studies available that showcase the power of artificial intelligence within a retail setting. While artificial intelligence is often touted as "master of all trades" solution, and while its capabilities may eventually warrant such descriptions, current AI-technologies are best suited to more specific applications. Security, customer behavior and buying patterns, digital signage and much more can all be improved upon by artificial intelligence, however, this is best done with the implementation of specific AI or machine learning technologies as opposed to integrating a single solution and hoping it will run everything.
The International Air Transport Association hosted its annual Safety and Flight Operations conference in Montreal in April, where we were very happy to see small startups like SparkCognition, Safety Line and Dynamic Source getting attention with products that aim to optimize operations. Artificial intelligence (AI) is ubiquitous, and inevitably it will disrupt the aviation industry--soon not just AI but other more traditional data science practices used by startups will be adopted by the slow-moving giants in aviation. There is a lot to be learned from agile and flexible Silicon Valley startups that can help us solve the difficult puzzle of progressing data fast without sacrificing safety and opening a war with unions and regulatory committees. Uber, Airbnb and others have managed to disrupt traditional markets while complying with regional policies and regulations. The key factor in aviation is to use approved devices that do not attach to or interfere with the aircraft.
In light of recent crashes where Tesla said drivers didn't pay sufficient attention while on Autopilot, it's rolling out updates to address the problem. The first one, issued several days ago, nags drivers every 30 seconds to "hold steering wheel," instead at one to two minute intervals as before. However, drivers didn't get that just grabbing the wheel alone didn't stop the warnings. So, Elon Musk explained that Tesla will be "adjusting the screen alert to clarify that we mean'slight up or downward force on the wheel,' not really "hold the wheel." Will be adjusting screen alert to clarify that we mean "slight up or downward force on the wheel", not really "hold the wheel" Many drivers disliked the more frequent warnings, in part because they didn't know how to stop them.
Artificial Intelligence (AI) affords a tremendous opportunity not only to increase efficiencies and reduce costs, but to help rethink businesses and solve critical problems. Yet for all the promises AI holds, there's an equal amount of anxiety, across economies and societies. Many people feel that advanced technologies will bring profound changes that are predestined and inevitable. As AI becomes more sophisticated, it will start to make or assist decisions that have a greater impact on individual lives. This will raise ethical challenges as people adjust to the larger and more prominent role of automated decision making in society.
The unusually strongly worded report released Monday urges "top-to-bottom" changes in how the Federal Aviation Administration assesses and manages risks from drones. The report, which was requested by Congress, also criticizes the agency for extending its traditional focus on "near-zero tolerance for risk" involving airliners and applying it to cover small drones flying at low altitudes away from airports. Instead, the report concludes, the agency should peg drone safety to more-comparable hazards confronting people on the ground such as those posed by small private-plane crashes or pedestrian-vehicle accidents. Such minimal but persistent levels of risk already are accepted by the public,according to the report. A fundamental issue is "what are we going to compare [drone] safety to?" said consultant George Ligler, who served as chairman of the committee that drafted the document.