If you are looking for an answer to the question What is Artificial Intelligence? and you only have a minute, then here's the definition the Association for the Advancement of Artificial Intelligence offers on its home page: "the scientific understanding of the mechanisms underlying thought and intelligent behavior and their embodiment in machines."
However, if you are fortunate enough to have more than a minute, then please get ready to embark upon an exciting journey exploring AI (but beware, it could last a lifetime) …
But some transhumanists hope to slowly morph into "immortal cyborgd" with endlessly replaceable parts. Did you recently welcome a child into the world? An upstanding responsible parent such as yourself is surely doing all you can to prepare your little one for all the pitfalls life has in store. However, thanks to technology, children born in 2014 may face a far different set of issues than you ever had to. And we're not talking about simply learning to master a new generation of digital doohickeys, we're talking about living in a world in which the very definition of "human" becomes blurred.
Humankind's first glimpse of an awesome new kind of intelligence occurred on December 2018, when researchers at DeepMind, the artificial-intelligence company owned by Google's parent corporation, Alphabet Inc., filed a dispatch from what one day may be recognized as a herald of next great epoch of human evolution –the "Lucy", Australopithecus afarensis, the famous early ancestor of modern humans, of the emerging "Cyborg Epoch" of hyperintelligence. A year earlier, on Dec. 5, 2017, the New York Times reported, the team had stunned the chess world with its announcement of AlphaZero, a machine-learning algorithm that had "mastered not only chess but shogi, or Japanese chess, and Go. The algorithm started with no knowledge of the games beyond their basic rules. It then played against itself millions of times and learned from its mistakes. In a matter of hours, the algorithm became the best player, human or computer, the world has ever seen."
A prominent futurist warns that humans may soon cede their top spot on Earth's hierarchy to their own artificially intelligent creations. In a new book, scientist, environmentalist, and futurist, James Lovelock, describes what he calls the'Novacene,' -- a new age in which humans could be eclipsed by intelligent machines. 'Our supremacy as the prime understanders of the cosmos is rapidly coming to end,' writes Lovelock in a new book titled'Novacene' according to NBC. 'The understanders of the future will not be humans but what I choose to call'cyborgs' that will have designed and built themselves.' Humans may be forced to pass the torch due to impending disasters like climate change. In the Novacene -- which means literally'new age' -- Lovelock says that the replacement of humans won't necessarily be a violent or'Terminator'-like shift, but will instead be more of an evolutionary one. Unlike biologically driven changes of the past, organic creatures will take a backseat to technology.
For tens of thousands of years, humans have reigned as our planet's only intelligent, self-aware species. But the rise of intelligent machines means that could change soon, perhaps in our own lifetimes. Not long after that, Homo sapiens could vanish from Earth entirely. "Our supremacy as the prime understanders of the cosmos is rapidly coming to end," he says in the book, "Novacene." "The understanders of the future will not be humans but what I choose to call'cyborgs' that will have designed and built themselves."
It is 8.30am and Britain's most eminent scientist is taking a windswept stroll through Dorset's rolling hills. It seems hard to believe that James Lovelock – sprightly despite a walking stick and bristling with a fierce, bright-eyed intelligence – will turn 100 this week. But the man known for proposing one of the most visionary scientific theories of the last century starts the day just as he always does, with a brisk walk from his coastguard's cottage by the shores of Chesil Beach with his beloved wife, Sandy. That Lovelock is conscious of his own mortality is to be expected. But that he is also musing on the future of the Earth he will never live to see – one which involves cyborgs, no less – is, perhaps, rather more surprising.
In an acerbic 1976 article on AI research, the computer scientist Drew McDermott was the first to contrast the phrases "artificial intelligence" and "natural stupidity". Four decades later, researchers warn of the threat posed by computer "superintelligence", but stupidity is still a far greater peril: both the age-old natural stupidity of humans and the newfangled artificial stupidity displayed by algorithms – such as chatbots supposed to be able to diagnose illness, or facial-recognition software that throws up false matches for ethnic minorities – in which we place far too much trust. An alternative reason to be cheerful about the coming machine takeover is offered here by the eminent scientist and inventor James Lovelock. A chemist by training, who invented instruments for Mars rovers and helped to discover the depletion of the ozone layer, Lovelock is most celebrated in pop culture for his "Gaia hypothesis". First formulated in the 1960s, it proposes that Earth and its biosphere comprise a single, self-regulating system.
Global IT spending is anticipated to increase by 3.2 percent and reach $3.8 trillion in 2019 due to growth in the cloud, Internet of Things (IoT), and data center markets. According to Gartner, spending worldwide is making a gradual shift away from saturated markets such as the mobile smartphone and tablet industry and entering areas of particular value to enterprise players seeking to improve their operations. Data center infrastructure, cloud services, and IoT all have the potential to improve the efficiency of enterprise businesses through outsourcing tasks once kept on-premise, increasing visibility into operations and supply chains by way of sensors and IoT, and boosted capabilities in data storage and analysis. See also: Gartner's global head of research abruptly steps down Despite uncertainty caused by the tariff war between the United States and China, rumors of a potential recession, and the current turmoil in Europe due to the United Kingdom's decision to leave the European Union and impending deadline, the research agency believes there are reasons to be optimistic when it comes to growth in the IT sector this year. "IT is no longer just a platform that enables organizations to run their business on, it is becoming the engine that moves the business," said John-David Lovelock, research vice president at Gartner.
Global business value derived from artificial intelligence (AI) is projected to total $1.2 trillion in 2018, an increase of 70 per cent from 2017, according to Gartner. AI-derived business value is forecast to reach $3.9 trillion in 2022. The Gartner AI-derived business value forecast assesses the total business value of AI across all the enterprise vertical sectors covered by Gartner. There are three different sources of AI business value: customer experience, new revenue, and cost reduction. "AI promises to be the most disruptive class of technologies during the next 10 years due to advances in computational power, volume, velocity and variety of data, as well as advances in deep neural networks (DNNs)," said John-David Lovelock, research VP at Gartner.
AI will help create 2.3 million jobs while eliminating 1.8 million jobs in 2020, although new types of skills will be needed "AI promises to be the most disruptive class of technologies during the next 10 years due to advances in computational power, volume, velocity and variety of data, as well as advances in deep neural networks (DNNs)," says John-David Lovelock, research vice president at Gartner. Thus, AI technologies are prompting technology strategic planners to redraw near-term and long-term product plans, says Lovelock. By 2020, he states, at least 40 per cent of people will interact primarily with people-literate technologies, removing much of the perceived need to invest further in improving computer literacy. Virtual private assistants (VPAs) and voice response systems, such as Alexa, Cortana, Google Assistant and Siri, are becoming the norm for consumer interaction with search engines, along with many other services that would previously need interaction via web browsers, he says. "For many users, this AI functionality will become the norm, and there will no longer be the need to understand, or use, traditional computer operating systems or applications for many tasks," notes Lovelock.
The business value of artificial intelligence worldwide will rise 70 per cent this year to $1.2 trillion, and end 2022 at $3.9 trillion, says Gartner. The research firm splits the sources of'business value' into customer experience (the positive and negative effects on indirect cost; an important precondition for AI adoption), new revenue and cost reduction. AI will follow a typical value growth curve, starting strong with 70 per cent YoY growth in 2018, before flattening in 2020 to 39 per cent ($2.6 billion) and slowing significantly towards the end of the forecast period (17 per cent in 2022). Advances in areas like computational power, data volume and deep neural networks (DNNs) will drive AI over the coming years, said research VP John-David Lovelock. He added, "One of the biggest aggregate sources for AI-enhanced products and services acquired by enterprises between 2017 and 2022 will be niche solutions that address one need very well.