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Adversarial Machine Learning and the CFAA - Schneier on Security

#artificialintelligence

As I've noted in the past ICT related legislation tends to be considerably over broad in scope ay the best of times, and prosecuters have tried very hard to open it up further with case law. Whilst some judges do pull things in a bit, to many alow prosecutorial over reach go to far. A rule of thumb for legislation should be to reset any proposed legislation from ICT and see what equivalent legislation exists for non ICT situations. Thus any ICT legislation should be similarly restrained in scope. After all it is not illegal to walk up to somebodies door and knock politely, if you've made a nusance of yourself there are civil remidies. However ICT legislation makes the equivalent online activity actually a criminal activity from the get go, and it's frequently treated as something worse than armed robbery.


State Troopers union threatens to pull officers from NYC: 'Can't have two sets of rules' in one state

FOX News

New York State Troopers PBA President Thomas Mungeer says Mayor de Blasio's new laws are putting officers at risk. The president of a union representing New York State troopers said Friday that New York City's restrictions on police officers are setting the men and women on the force up for failure. "By raising the bar and almost making it impossible for my members to safely arrest, we've had enough. I want them out," New York State Troopers PBA President Thomas Mungeer told "Fox & Friends." "What has me alarmed is that troopers that are trained in certain tactics to arrest violent people can now be arrested for using those tactics within the five counties of New York City. Those tactics are still legal in the other 57 counties that make up New York state," Mungeer said.


Connected and autonomous cars: Balancing morality and regulation

#artificialintelligence

Alex Khizhniak, director of Technical Evangelism at IT services provider Altros, stated, "Being connected to other cars on the road will eventually make driving much safer. Combined with predictive analysis, smart systems could substitute for a driver in case of emergency. Although these technologies are still developing - and some legislations should also be introduced- the future looks promising for self-driving and intelligent driving assistants." While many have been vocal about their concerns regarding the regulation of autonomous or connected cars, there are many advantages that must be considered before delving into the risks. One of the many key benefits of connected cars is that they could contribute to safer traffic patterns in cities with congestion issues as a consequence of rapid urbanization.


Experimental AI regime to be introduced in Moscow

#artificialintelligence

Moscow City Hall has been instructed to determine the conditions, requirements and procedure for the development, creation, introduction and implementation of artificial intelligence technologies, as well as the cases and procedures for using the results of the application of artificial intelligence. It is expected that large IT companies using artificial intelligence in the field of medicine, urban infrastructure, face recognition and other uses will take part in the experiment. The Law separately outlines certain provisions relating to the storage and processing of personal data that will be obtained during the experiment. As a result, the Law makes it possible to use the previously anonymised personal data of individuals participating in the experiment to increase the effectiveness of the state or municipal government. However, the Law specifically establishes that such personal data can only be transferred to participants in the experiment and must be stored in Moscow.


Robots Are Solving Banks' Very Expensive Research Problem

#artificialintelligence

As lawmakers in Brasilia debated a controversial pension overhaul for months, a robot more than 5,000 miles away in London kept a close eye on all 513 of them. The algorithm, designed by technology startup Arkera Inc., tracked their comments in Brazilian newspapers and government web pages each day to predict the likelihood the bill would pass. Weeks before the legislation cleared its biggest obstacle in July, the machine's data crunching allowed Arkera analysts to predict the result almost to the letter, giving hedge fund clients in New York and London the insight to buy the Brazilian real near eight-month lows in May. It's since rallied more than 8%. This is the kind of edge that a new generation of researchers are betting will upend the research marketplace.


Artificial Intelligence in recruitment supports the recovery of employment

#artificialintelligence

With its White Paper on Artificial Intelligence (AI), the European Commission embraces the potential of AI in the European economy and labour market. They have the potential to serve applicants, clients and society by enabling better matches and a faster, more efficient process. These improvements will prove essential for the recovery of the European labour markets following the drastic impact of the Covid-19 pandemic. Still, the human touch will remain crucial in the recruitment industry. Leveraging technology in a smart way allows us to free-up time to focus more on those elements of our work that require human creativity and emotion – traits that technology cannot emulate. The future will be one combining smart tech and human touch.


Why Microsoft and Amazon are calling on Congress to regulate facial recognition tech

#artificialintelligence

Some of the biggest companies in the world are pulling their facial recognition technologies from law enforcement agencies across the country. Amazon (AMZN), IBM (IBM), and Microsoft (MSFT) have said that they will either put a moratorium on the use of their technology by police -- or are completely exiting the field citing human rights concerns. The technology, which can be used to identify suspects in things like surveillance footage, has faced widespread criticism after studies found it can be biased against women and people of color. And according to at least one expert, there needs to be some form of regulation put in place if these technologies are going to be used by law enforcement agencies. "If these technologies were to be deployed, I think you cannot do it in the absence of legislation," explained Siddharth Garg, assistant professor of computer science and engineering at NYU Tandon School of Engineering, told Yahoo Finance.


Protecting privacy in an AI-driven world

#artificialintelligence

Our world is undergoing an information Big Bang, in which the universe of data doubles every two years and quintillions of bytes of data are generated every day.1 For decades, Moore's Law on the doubling of computing power every 18-24 months has driven the growth of information technology. Now–as billions of smartphones and other devices collect and transmit data over high-speed global networks, store data in ever-larger data centers, and analyze it using increasingly powerful and sophisticated software–Metcalfe's Law comes into play. It treats the value of networks as a function of the square of the number of nodes, meaning that network effects exponentially compound this historical growth in information. As 5G networks and eventually quantum computing deploy, this data explosion will grow even faster and bigger. The impact of big data is commonly described in terms of three "Vs": volume, variety, and velocity.2


Amazon Halts Police Use Of Its Facial Recognition Technology

NPR Technology

Amazon announced on Wednesday that it would freeze for one year the use of its facial recognition technology by law enforcement agencies. Amazon announced on Wednesday that it would freeze for one year the use of its facial recognition technology by law enforcement agencies. Amazon announced on Wednesday a one-year moratorium on police use of its facial-recognition technology, yielding to pressure from police-reform advocates and civil rights groups. It is unclear how many law enforcement agencies in the U.S. deploy Amazon's artificial intelligence tool, but an official with the Washington County Sheriff's Office in Oregon confirmed that it will be suspending its use of Amazon's facial recognition technology. Researchers have long criticized the technology for producing inaccurate results for people with darker skin.


A Pause on Amazon's Police Partnerships Is Not Enough

Slate

On Wednesday, in a brief blog post, Amazon made a surprising announcement: that it would implement a one-year moratorium on police use of its facial recognition service, Rekognition. The post did not mention the furious nationwide demand for reform in response to the killings of George Floyd, Breonna Taylor, and too many other Black people. But it did cite developments "in recent days" indicating that Congress seemed prepared to implement "stronger regulations to govern the ethical use of facial recognition technology"--regulations that Amazon claims to be advocating for and ready to help shape in the coming year. But Amazon's sudden commitment to ostensibly transformative reform should be taken with a grain of salt hefty enough to unseat a Confederate monument from its rock-solid base. Americans won't receive the privacy and civil rights protections they need because a company like Amazon decides to give them to us.