If you are looking for an answer to the question What is Artificial Intelligence? and you only have a minute, then here's the definition the Association for the Advancement of Artificial Intelligence offers on its home page: "the scientific understanding of the mechanisms underlying thought and intelligent behavior and their embodiment in machines."
However, if you are fortunate enough to have more than a minute, then please get ready to embark upon an exciting journey exploring AI (but beware, it could last a lifetime) …
Think of artificial intelligence, and the mind often goes to industrial robots and benign surveillance systems. Increasingly, though, these are steppingstones for Big Brother to enhance capabilities in domestic security and international military warfare. China has co-opted a controversial big data policing program into law enforcement, both for racial profiling of its Uighur minority population and for broader citizen surveillance through facial recognition. Wuhan has an entirely AI-staffed police station. But experts say China's artificial intelligence research is also being adapted for unconventional military warfare in the country's bid to dominate the field over the next decade.
Amid a global pandemic, economic recession and simmering racial tensions around the world, Israel's threat to formally annex parts of occupied Palestinian territory presents yet another international crisis in the making. This is because, with this outrageous move, the Israeli government threatens to unravel the rules-based system of international relations. Today's international law regime was established in the first half of the 20th century not only to regulate relations between states but also to assist the movements for self-determination across the world and oversee the end of colonialism. The looming Israeli annexation of Palestinian land and the global inaction on it evidence the failure of this regime to help end colonialism and put its very raison d'etre in question. Much of the narrative in international diplomatic circles around the issue of annexation has revolved around deterrence, with the rationale being the threat of tangible consequences to annexation will lead to a reconsideration of the move. Yet this narrative fails to acknowledge that we have reached a point, where Israel will annex yet another chunk of Palestinian territory precisely because deterrence has not worked.
Over the last 10 years, Israel has positioned itself as one of the leading ecosystems for Artificial Intelligence startups. The number of newly founded Israeli startups that employ Artificial Intelligence has raised over the years and so has the capital they have raised. Our analysis shows 1,042 active AI companies in Israel as of June 2020. In 2019, over 150 AI companies were established in Israel representing between 15–25% of all startups founded in 2019. Israel is a global reference in computer vision and mobility related startups.
The Robotic Process Automation (RPA) Market report includes overview, which interprets value chain structure, industrial environment, regional analysis, applications, market size, and forecast. This is a latest report, covering the current COVID-19 impact on the market. The pandemic of Coronavirus (COVID-19) has affected every aspect of life globally. This has brought along several changes in market conditions. The rapidly changing market scenario and initial and future assessment of the impact is covered in the report.
The AI was adapted from an existing system trained to identify people most at risk from the flu, using millions of records from Maccabi going back 27 years. To make its predictions, the system draws on a range of medical data, including a person's age, BMI, health conditions such as heart disease or diabetes, and previous history of hospital admissions. The AI can trawl through a vast number of records and spot at-risk individuals who might have been missed otherwise. Maccabi also uses the AI to help determine the level of treatment the people it flags might require if they fall sick--whether they should be cared for at home, put up in a quarantine hotel, or admitted to hospital. The organization says it is now talking to major US health providers that are interested in using the AI to fast-track their own high-risk patients.
In part I of the blog I wrote about the most acute problem our society faces today - the Climate Crisis, and how we can leverage the pandemic-caused lockdown to analyze the consequences as data points for the "what-if" scenario to make better decisions in the future. While Climate Crisis should be addressed timely and aggressively, COVID-19 posed a health crisis for the governments to deal with the projection of 80% of the population being infected in the short term. How will health systems manage the prevention, diagnostics, and treatment of the pandemic in parallel to provide the ongoing services and treatments? In this part, I will present a few developments in telemedicine, personalized medicine and drug development powered by AI/ML and how they better equipped us in this fight and could be used routinely in the future. Telemedicine is a buzzword we used to hear in the context of highly populated countries with a lack of trained personnel trying to bridge the supply and demand with remote resourcing.
As the number of people who've tested positive for coronavirus is mounting and could reach 2 million in the coming days, Israeli innovators are harnessing artificial intelligence technologies to curb the global pandemic, perhaps the most challenging public health crisis in modern history. What we know already is that scientists and researchers are working diligently to find treatments and to develop a vaccine for coronavirus. Meanwhile, artificial intelligence technologies are emerging as key solutions to combatting coronavirus, and Israel is well positioned in this field. Israel is well known for its strength in deep-tech, and is also home to a vibrant AI ecosystem that has been growing rapidly over the past few years. Israel's unique tech ecosystem includes companies and startups that utilize AI technologies in healthcare, cybersecurity, autonomous driving, and many other fields.
In China, doctors use artificial intelligence tools provided by Huawei Technologies Co. to detect signs of Covid-19 in CT scans. Chinese tech giant Baidu Inc. devised an algorithm that can analyze the biological structure of the new coronavirus and made it available to scientists working on a vaccine. AI is also behind biometric identification systems being rolled out by governments to track the virus and enforce lockdown efforts, including temperature screening systems deployed throughout Beijing and CCTV cameras hooked up to facial-recognition software in Moscow. "AI is being used to fight the virus on all fronts, from screening and diagnosis to containment and drug development," says Andy Chun, an adjunct professor at City University of Hong Kong and AI adviser at the Hong Kong Computer Science Society, a nonprofit industry group. The pandemic is opening up a massive opportunity for the tech industry, while it shines a light on calls for more scrutiny of AI innovations being developed faster than regulators are able to devise rules to protect citizens' rights.
And while that was happening, the financial sector was also taking note. Among the many boons of AI tech for finance is the practice called algorithmic trading: the idea that an advanced AI may be able to assist the investors by predicting the market dynamics with enough precision to make consistent profit. And while many advanced machine learning models developed for this purpose stay outside the reach of the general public, others are eager to make AI-driven trading available to a broader audience. One of the leaders in this sphere is the Israel-based company with an ambitious name I Know First. With its powerful cloud-based AI capable of predicting the price dynamics for more than 10,000 financial instruments, including stock ideas, ETFs, world indices, commodities and currencies, it offers its forecasts to private and institutional investors alike.
What do cucumbers, avocados and coffee all have in common? Aside from being absolute necessities (yes, avocados too), they're all crops pollinated by bees. And if things keep heading in the direction they're at, we're screwed. Considered by many to be annoying little pests buzzing precariously near our ears, bees are extremely important. About one third of all plants and plant products consumed by humans are dependent on bee pollination.