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The Global Artificial Intelligence Race and Strategic Balance: Which Race Are We Running?

#artificialintelligence

Artificial intelligence (AI) has the potential to affect ever more aspects of military and civilian life as part of the fourth industrial revolution. Countries are racing for global AI dominance, and whoever'wins' shall reap the economic and geopolitical power expected to result. However, AI-enhanced technologies could pose new security risks that have not been encountered before. Ultimately, this paper argues that the UK and the EU should approach outsourcing critical communications infrastructure with caution and take recent security concerns involving China more seriously. The UK Project on Nuclear Issues 2020 papers can be found here and recording can be viewed here.


China tech titans go all in amid global electric car frenzy

The Japan Times

China is shaping up to be the first real test of Big Tech's ambitions in the world of carmaking, with giants from Huawei Technologies Co. to Baidu Inc. plowing almost $19 billion into electric and self-driving vehicle ventures widely seen as the future of transport. While Apple Inc. has long had plans for its own car and Alphabet Inc. has Waymo, its autonomous driving unit, the size -- and speed -- of the move by China's tech titans puts them at the vanguard of that broader push. The lure is an industry that's becoming increasingly high tech as it pivots away from the combustion engine, with sensors and operating systems making cars more like computers, and the prospect of autonomy re-envisioning how people use will them. As the world's biggest market for new-energy cars, China is a key battlefield. Established automakers like Volkswagen AG and General Motors Co. are already slogging it out with local upstarts such as market darling Nio Inc. and Xpeng Inc.


Huawei trained the Chinese-language equivalent of GPT-3

#artificialintelligence

For the better part of a year, OpenAI's GPT-3 has remained among the largest AI language models ever created, if not the largest of its kind. Via an API, people have used it to automatically write emails and articles, summarize text, compose poetry and recipes, create website layouts, and generate code for deep learning in Python. But GPT-3 has key limitations, chief among them that it's only available in English. The 45-terabyte dataset the model was trained on drew exclusively from English-language sources. This week, a research team at Chinese company Huawei quietly detailed what might be the Chinese-language equivalent of GPT-3.


After US sanctions, Huawei turns to new businesses to boost sales

#artificialintelligence

Six months after the Trump administration dealt a crushing blow to Huawei Technologies Co.'s smartphone business, the Chinese telecommunications giant is turning to less glamorous alternatives that may eventually offset the decline of its biggest revenue contributor. Among its newest customers is a fish farm in eastern China that's twice the size of New York's Central Park. The farm is covered with tens of thousands of solar panels outfitted with Huawei's inverters to shield its fish from excessive sunlight while generating power. About 370 miles to the west in coal-rich Shanxi province, wireless sensors and cameras deep beneath the earth monitor oxygen levels and potential machine malfunctions in mine pit -- all supplied by the tech titan. And next month, a shiny new electric car featuring its lidar sensor will debut at China's largest auto show.


AI traffic management could finally declog urban roads

#artificialintelligence

Year-by-year, traffic has only gotten worse in most cities across the world. This is particularly true for cities in Asia where the number of traffic congestions has grown exponentially due to rapid urbanization and increased median income. In the Indian capital of Delhi, for instance, drivers spend as much as 58% more time stuck in traffic compared to drivers in any other city in the world. In the face of this mounting economic, health, and environmental challenge, technology may be one of our best allies when it comes to reducing time spent in traffic. Expanding roadways, improving public transit, and encouraging alternative forms of mobility are definitely important and have their part to play in improving traffic.


Forget 5G, the U.S. and China are already fighting for 6G dominance

The Japan Times

Most of the world has not yet experienced the benefits of a 5G network, but the geopolitical race for the next big thing in telecommunications technology is already heating up. For companies and governments, the stakes couldn't be higher. The first to develop and patent 6G will be the biggest winners in what some call the next industrial revolution. Though still at least a decade away from becoming reality, 6G -- which could be up to 100 times faster than the peak speed of 5G -- could deliver the kind of technology that's long been the stuff of science fiction, from real-time holograms to flying taxis and internet-connected human bodies and brains. The scrum for 6G is already intensifying even as it remains a theoretical proposition, and underscores how geopolitics is fueling technological rivalries, particularly between the U.S. and China.


The US Needs More Foreign Artificial Intelligence Know-How

WIRED

During President Obama's two terms in the White House, Jason Furman was a top economic policy adviser and a key voice on the growing importance of artificial intelligence. Furman served as deputy director of the National Economic Council before becoming chair of the Council of Economic Advisers. He also coauthored a report issued by the Obama administration in October 2016 that detailed the economic importance of AI to the US. Furman, who is now a professor of the practice of economic policy at Harvard, spoke to WIRED senior writer Will Knight. This transcript has been edited for length and clarity.


As China tracked Muslims, Alibaba showed customers how they could, too

The Japan Times

As the Chinese government tracked and persecuted members of predominantly Muslim minority groups, technology giant Alibaba taught its corporate customers how they could play a part. Alibaba's website for its cloud computing business showed how clients could use its software to detect the faces of Uighurs and other ethnic minorities within images and videos, according to pages on the site that were discovered by the surveillance industry publication IPVM and shared with The New York Times. The feature was built into Alibaba software that helps web platforms monitor digital content for material related to terrorism, pornography and other red-flag categories, the website said. The Chinese government has swept hundreds of thousands of Uighurs and others into indoctrination camps as part of what it calls an anti-terrorism campaign. It has also rolled out a broad surveillance dragnet, using facial recognition and genetic testing, to monitor them.


Huawei: Uighur surveillance fears lead PR exec to quit

BBC News - Technology

The report referenced an "interoperability test [in which] Huawei and Megvii jointly provided a face-recognition solution based on Huawei's video cloud solution. In the solution, Huawei provided servers, storage, network equipment, its FusionSphere cloud platform, cameras and other software and hardware, [while] Megvii provided its dynamic facial-recognition system software".


Huawei invites Griezmann to talk after he cut ties

FOX News

Fox News Flash top headlines are here. Check out what's clicking on Foxnews.com. Chinese tech giant Huawei wants to talk to French soccer player Antoine Griezmann about its human rights record. The Barcelona forward had promoted Huawei's smartphones in advertisements but cut ties last week because of "strong suspicions" the company had tested facial recognition software intended to help China's surveillance of the mostly Muslim minority Uighurs. Huawei responded by inviting Griezmann to talk and learn about its work "at the highest level, inside the company" to address human rights, equality and discrimination.