If you are looking for an answer to the question What is Artificial Intelligence? and you only have a minute, then here's the definition the Association for the Advancement of Artificial Intelligence offers on its home page: "the scientific understanding of the mechanisms underlying thought and intelligent behavior and their embodiment in machines."
However, if you are fortunate enough to have more than a minute, then please get ready to embark upon an exciting journey exploring AI (but beware, it could last a lifetime) …
For more than 100 years Nobel Prizes have been given out annually to recognize breakthrough achievements in chemistry, literature, medicine, peace, and physics. As these disciplines undoubtedly continue to impact society, newer fields like artificial intelligence (AI) and robotics have also begun to profoundly reshape the world. In recognition of this, the world's largest AI society -- the Association for the Advancement of Artificial Intelligence (AAAI) -- announced yesterday the winner of their new Squirrel AI Award for Artificial Intelligence for the Benefit of Humanity, a $1 million award given to honor individuals whose work in the field has had a transformative impact on society. The recipient, Regina Barzilay, the Delta Electronics Professor of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science at MIT and a member of MIT's Computer Science and Artificial Intelligence Laboratory (CSAIL), is being recognized for her work developing machine learning models to develop antibiotics and other drugs, and to detect and diagnose breast cancer at early stages. In February, AAAI will officially present Barzilay with the award, which comes with an associated prize of $1 million provided by the online education company Squirrel AI. "Only world-renowned recognitions, such as the Association of Computing Machinery's A.M. Turing Award and the Nobel Prize, carry monetary rewards at the million-dollar level," says AAAI awards committee chair Yolanda Gil. "This award aims to be unique in recognizing the positive impact of artificial intelligence for humanity."
In June, when MIT artificial intelligence researcher Regina Barzilay went to Massachusetts General Hospital for a mammogram, her data were run through a deep learning model designed to assess her risk of developing breast cancer, which she had been diagnosed with once before. The workings of the algorithm, which predicted that her risk was low, were familiar: Barzilay helped build that very model, after being spurred by her 2014 cancer diagnosis to pivot her research to health care. Barzilay's work in AI, which ranges from tools for early cancer detection to platforms to identify new antibiotics, is increasingly garnering recognition: On Wednesday, the Association for the Advancement of Artificial Intelligence named Barzilay as the inaugural recipient of a new annual award honoring an individual developing or promoting AI for the good of society. The award comes with a $1 million prize sponsored by the Chinese education technology company Squirrel AI Learning. While there are already prizes in the AI field, notably the Turing Award for computer scientists, those existing awards are typically "more focused on scientific, technical contributions and ideas," said Yolanda Gil, a past president of AAAI and an AI researcher at the University of Southern California.
The role of machine learning and artificial intelligence (AI) in the health care sector is rapidly expanding. This expansion may be accelerated by the global spread of COVID-19, which has provided new opportunities for AI prediction, screening, and image processing capabilities.1 Applications of AI can be as straightforward as using natural language processing to turn clinical notes into electronic data points or as complex as a deep learning neural network performing image analysis for diagnostic support. The goal of these tools is not to replace health care professionals, but to enable better patient experience and better inform the clinical decision-making process to improve the safety and reliability of clinicians. Clinicians and health systems using these new tools should be aware of some of the key issues related to safety and quality in the development and use of machine learning and AI. The performance of a chatbot on a shopping website poses little harm to users, but AI used in health care, particularly clinical decision supports or diagnostic tools, can have significant impact on a patient's treatment.
Regina Barzilay, a professor at MIT’s Computer Science and Artificial Intelligence Laboratory (CSAIL), is the first winner of the Squirrel AI Award for Artificial Intelligence for the Benefit of Humanity, a new prize recognizing outstanding research in AI. Barzilay started her career working on natural-language processing. After surviving breast cancer in 2014, she switched her…
Ruth Porat, Alphabet Inc. chief financial officer, who survived two bouts with breast cancer, says artificial intelligence can fundamentally change healthcare. She appears on the latest episode of "The David Rubenstein Show: Peer-to-Peer Conversations." The interview was recorded on Aug. 31. (Source: Bloomberg)
It's this type of intuitive technology that's helping people get better care at OHSU. Steve Brown, who is a futurist, predicts there will be more of this type of AI tech in the coming years. He says in the future, fewer people will be going to the hospital because more people will be using things like "tele-health," where they get healthcare through a phone or screen. "Manage my health remotely, without having to go physically into the doctor's office," said Brown. That's the next step for doctors at OHSU who want to develop what they are calling a "virtual hospital."
As many as 400,000 Americans die each year because of medical errors, but many of these deaths could be prevented by using electronic sensors and artificial intelligence to help medical professionals monitor and treat vulnerable patients in ways that improve outcomes while respecting privacy. "We have the ability to build technologies into the physical spaces where health care is delivered to help cut the rate of fatal errors that occur today due to the sheer volume of patients and the complexity of their care," said Arnold Milstein, a professor of medicine and director of Stanford's Clinical Excellence Research Center (CERC). Milstein, along with computer science professor and Fei-Fei Li and graduate student Albert Haque, are co-authors of a Nature paper that reviews the field of "ambient intelligence" in health care -- an interdisciplinary effort to create such smart hospital rooms equipped with AI systems that can do a range of things to improve outcomes. For example, sensors and AI can immediately alert clinicians and patient visitors when they fail to sanitize their hands before entering a hospital room. AI tools can be built into smart homes where technology could unobtrusively monitor the frail elderly for behavioral clues of impending health crises.
Business leaders no longer think about artificial intelligence in terms of future impact--they're seeing the impact today. AI is appearing in all corners of business, transforming the way companies operate. Health care is no exception. Health care players are using AI to address significant inefficiencies and open up powerful new opportunities. These include everything from the delivery of remote health care services to the early diagnosis of disease and the hunt for new life-saving medicines.
Andy OramFans of data in health care often speculate about what clinicians and researchers could achieve by reducing friction in data sharing. What if we had easy access to group repositories, expert annotations and labels, robust and consistent metadata, and standards without inconsistencies? Since 2017, the Radiological Society of North America (RSNA) has been displaying a model for such data sharing. That year marked RSNA's first AI challenge. RSNA has worked since then to make the AI challenge an increasingly international collaboration.
AI has arrived, with the potential for enormous change in the delivery of health care, but are we ready? Artificial intelligence (AI) is the trigger for the next great transformation of society: the fifth Industrial Revolution. AI has already arrived in health care, but are we ready for the kind of changes that it will introduce? In this article, we map out the current areas where AI has begun to permeate and make predictions about the kind of changes it will make to health care. AI comprises any digital system "that mimics human reasoning capabilities, including pattern recognition, abstract reasoning and planning".1 It includes the concept of machine learning, where machines are able to learn from experience in ways that mimic human behaviour, but with the ability to assimilate much more data and with potential for greater accuracy and speed.