If you are looking for an answer to the question What is Artificial Intelligence? and you only have a minute, then here's the definition the Association for the Advancement of Artificial Intelligence offers on its home page: "the scientific understanding of the mechanisms underlying thought and intelligent behavior and their embodiment in machines."
However, if you are fortunate enough to have more than a minute, then please get ready to embark upon an exciting journey exploring AI (but beware, it could last a lifetime) …
The ultimate vision of artificial intelligence are systems that can handle the wide range of cognitive tasks that humans can. The idea of a single, general intelligence is referred to as Artificial General Intelligence (AGI), which encopmasses the idea of a single, generally intelligent system that can act and think much like humans. However, we have not yet achieved this concept of the generally intelligent system and as such, current AI applications are only capable of narrow applications of AI such as recognition systems, hyperpersonaliztion tools and recommendation systems, and even autonomous vehicles. This raises the question: Is AGI really around the corner, or are we chasing an elusive goal that we may never realize? Dr. Ben Goertzel CEO & Founder of the SingularityNET Foundation is particularly visible and vocal on his thoughts on Artificial Intelligence, AGI, and where research and industry are in regards to AGI. Speaking at the (Virtual) OpenCogCon event this week, Dr. Goertzel is one of the world's foremost experts in Artificial General Intelligence.
Dr. Goertzel has published 20 scientific books and 140 scientific research papers and is the leading architect and designer of the OpenCog system and associated design for human-level general intelli… (show all) Dr. Goertzel has published 20 scientific books and 140 scientific research papers and is the leading architect and designer of the OpenCog system and associated design for human-level general intelligence. Goertzel co-authored "Artificial General Intelligence," published in 2002 by Springer Publishing. He is also the chair of the Artificial General Intelligence (AGI) conference series, advisor to Singularity University and former Director of Research of the Machine Intelligence Research Institute (formerly the Singularity Institute). He also served as Chief Scientist Officer for Hanson Robotics until early 2019.
From self-driving cars to Amazon's Alexa, artificial intelligence is already here. But some fear AI could be used to create killer robots. Nobel Peace laureate Jody Williams is helping to lead a campaign for a new international treaty to prohibit lethal autonomous weapons, which select targets to fire without consultation from a human being. Williams said at a news conference on Monday that killer robots "are crossing a moral and ethical Rubicon and should not be allowed to exist and be used in combat or in any other way". While more and more governments are heavily investing in AI for military purposes -- the Pentagon alone has pledged up to two billion dollars on AI research -- Ben Goertzel, the AI pioneer behind Sophia the Robot, told Euronews that he hopes humankind turns away from using AI, especially within the military.
Cisco has established a partnership with blockchain firm SingularityNET to explore decentralised artificial intelligence. The partners are specifically looking at artificial general intelligence (AGI) technologies which aim to replicate the complex tasks of which humans are capable. AGI is considered a step above standard AI because it aims to add human-like reasoning capabilities in uncertain scenarios. Such processing will enable AGIs to do things like solve puzzles and make plans which are beyond that of today's AIs. "The scale of the AGI deployments needed by a partner like Cisco is going to be tremendous, and we are working hard to make sure our AGI tools and our blockchain-based platform is up to the task."
SingularityNET, a startup that bills itself as a "decentralized artificial intelligence" company, said today it's working with networking giant Cisco Systems Inc. on an ambitious project to create more advanced AI technologies that will soon be able to surpass humans in their ability to learn and perform new tasks. The partnership is a strong validation of SingularityNET's technologies, which include a blockchain-based, decentralized marketplace for AI algorithms, and various deep neural net models for computer vision and language understanding. Its biggest project, however, is a customized version of the OpenCog Advanced General Intelligence engine, an architecture for robot and virtual embodied cognition that defines a set of interacting components designed to give rise to "human-equivalent AGI." AGI is an emerging new field within AI, or some might even say a more superior form of it. Traditional AI generally refers to the ability of a machine to imitate human cognition, such as learning and problem-solving. But most AI models remain quite primitive, specialized on training machines at a single task, whether that's image recognition, playing chess or studying medical data.
Decentralized artificial intelligence (AI) firm SingularityNET and tech conglomerate Cisco have partnered to develop applied artificial general intelligence (AGI) technologies. AGI is one aspect of AI technology that concentrates on learning the intellectual tasks of which humans are capable. Sometimes referred to as "Strong AI," AGI emphasizes a machine's ability to reason in uncertain situations, solve puzzles, plan and communicate in natural language. Goertzel also said that the scale of Cisco's AGI deployments will be a major driver for the firm's development, stating: "The work we've done with Cisco on smart traffic analytics using OpenCog's logical reasoning and deep neural networks just scratches the surface. Let's just say we have some much broader and deeper conversations going on."
Networking giant Cisco Systems selected the blockchain-based platform developed by SingularityNET to host its decentralized AGI project. Artificial General Intelligence is a branch of AI that focuses on a computer's ability to learn intellectual tasks. Whereas existing AI might learn to read characters on a page, for example, a true AGI system might intuit how to write the book. In a joint statement, Dr. Ben Goertzel, SingularityNET CEO, said, "The scale of the AGI deployments needed by a partner like Cisco is going to be tremendous, and we are working hard to make sure our AGI tools and our blockchain-based platform is up to the task." SingularityNET's platform democratizes AI by decentralizing its source, preventing any single force or player from hoarding computers' capacity to learn.
Jeffrey Epstein's tangled web leads down some surprising paths, including, he claimed, to Sophia the robot. The female robot styled after Audrey Hepburn made headlines in recent years for her eerily lifelike skin and appearance, complete with a diverse set of facial expressions, and the artificial intelligence she uses to spout off quotes like "OK. She also got in a Twitter fight with Chrissy Teigen. In a new essay detailing a journalist's friendship with Jeffrey Epstein over the past three decades, Edward Jay Epstein (the two are not related) says the wealthy financier told him in April 2013 that he was funding a Hong Kong group to build "the world's smartest robot," named Sophia. Sophia was built by Hanson Robotics, a Hong Kong company created and led by David Hanson. In a statement shared with Business Insider, Hanson denied that Epstein ever directly contributed funding to either Sophia or Hanson Robotics. "With all of our software efforts, both inside Hanson Robotics, and via collaboration with universities and other institutions, we seek to further our mission to empower socially intelligent AI and robots that enrich the quality of human lives.
Ben Goertzel is one of the most prominent artificial intelligence (AI) architects in the world. He is the founder of SingularityNET and the chief scientist at Hanson Robotics, the makers of Sophia, the humanoid. In this podcast, Goertzel discusses the future of AI and the impact it will have on societies, economies and political systems of the future.
Humanoid robots are a familiar trope in popular culture, but is making machines look like us a little bit creepy and even potentially dangerous? Whether it is Isaac Asimov's robotics novels, 1980s movie character Johnny 5, Hollywood's Avengers: The Age of Ultron or Channel 4's sci-fi drama Humans, there has long been a fascination in popular culture with robots becoming sentient - beings that can experience feelings and human-like consciousness. But how realistic - and desirable - is the prospect of robots that become almost indistinguishable from humans? Dr Ben Goertzel, who developed the AI software for Sophia, a social humanoid robot made by Hong Kong-based Hanson Robotics, believes robots should look like humans to help "break down suspicions and reservations people might have" about interacting with them. "You will have humanoid robots because people like them," he tells the BBC.