If you are looking for an answer to the question What is Artificial Intelligence? and you only have a minute, then here's the definition the Association for the Advancement of Artificial Intelligence offers on its home page: "the scientific understanding of the mechanisms underlying thought and intelligent behavior and their embodiment in machines."
However, if you are fortunate enough to have more than a minute, then please get ready to embark upon an exciting journey exploring AI (but beware, it could last a lifetime) …
Waymo is a self-driving car company, but they don't particularly like using that terminology. Instead they prefer fully autonomous as a more accurate way to describe driverless or autonomous driving technology. What consumers may not fully understand is the difference between self-driving and fully autonomous. A self-driving car is a type of vehicle that can provide some level of automation like ADAS (Advanced Driver Assistance System) or automatic cruise control. It still requires driver attention for proper operation or it can lead to accidents.
Machine learning (ML) is an innovative tool that advances technology in every industry around the world. Due to its constant learning and evolution, the algorithms are able to adapt based on success and failure. Then, they can help people in daily life. Machine learning mimics the human brain. It entails deep learning from its neural networks, natural language processing (NLP), and constant changes based on incoming information. Of course, these algorithms aren't perfect, but they become more refined with every interaction.
Tiger Woods has told authorities he doesn't remember the rollover crash that landed him in a hospital with metal rods and pins in his leg. But the SUV he was driving does. Like other modern cars and trucks, the Genesis GV80 that Woods was driving when he crashed was equipped with an electronic data recorder and other computer hardware meant to serve as a digital witness of sorts -- filled with information investigators can use to piece together the seconds before and during the accident. The devices are part of a broader array of safety technology built into many newer vehicles. Vehicles in the Genesis line -- Hyundai's luxury brand -- for example, also feature artificial intelligence software that keeps a watchful eye, sending alerts if it detects the driver is distracted or closes his or her eyes while driving.
IdentiFlight's smart cameras, which spot birds of prey such as eagles and then halt wind turbines to protect the birds, can result in a large percentage reduction of bird deaths, according to a new study published last week in the Journal of Applied Ecology. The study, titled, "Eagle fatalities are reduced by automated curtailment of wind turbines," tested the efficacy of IdentiFlight's camera system, which detects flying objects, classifies them, and decides whether to curtail individual turbines to avoid potential collision, at Duke Energy's Top of the World Windpower Facility in Wyoming. They compared the number of eagle fatalities observed at Top of the World with those at a control site without IdentiFlight nine miles (15 km) away. There was an 82% reduction in the fatality rate at Top of the World relative to the control site. This technology therefore has the potential to lessen the conflict between wind energy and raptor conservation.
Trucking will one day be fully autonomous. In the meantime, big trucks cause a lot of accidents. According to a recent report by the Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration (FMCSA), 2018 saw roughly 500,000 accidents attributed to large trucks (over 10,000 lb) in the US alone while the rate of trucking related fatalities rose to its highest in 30 years. Joe Exotic may have had a high stakes job, but trucking tops the charts as the most dangerous job in the US. In fact, trucking-related fatalities have been rising, which underscores the urgency of safety problems.
This week, Tesla TSLA released a very limited beta of what Elon Musk has referred to as "feature complete full self-driving" to a chosen subset of their early access customers. It also announced a $2,000 increase in the price of the "FSD in the future" package it sells today to car owners, giving them access to this software when it's ready. The package is impressing many of these owners. A few have posted videos to Youtube showing the system in operation on city streets. In spite of the name, "full" self driving is neither self-driving nor full as most people in the industry would refer to it.
India, the world's second most populated nation, sees more than 20% of the global flood-related fatalities each year as overrun riverbanks sweep tens of thousands of homes with them. Two years ago, Google volunteered to help. In 2018, the company began its flood forecasting pilot initiative in Patna -- the capital of the Indian state of Bihar, which has historically been the most flood-prone region in the nation with over 100 fatalities each year -- to provide accurate real-time flood forecasting information to people in the region. The company's AI model analyzes historical flood data gleaned from several river basins in different parts of the world to make accurate prediction for any river basin. For this project, Google has not worked in isolation. Instead, it has collaborated with India's Central Water Commission, Israel Institute of Technology, and Bar-Ilan University.
Death rate among COVID-19 patients admitted to intensive care units (ICU) across the world has reduced compared to the toll at the beginning of the pandemic, according to a new study. The result of the study offered a beacon of hope to the coronavirus patients in the ICUs by finding the fatality rate among those in intensive care has fallen by almost a third in Europe, America and Asia. While new cases continued to surge in some parts of the world, coronavirus-related fatalities were also showing signs of waning, according to a research team headed by Tim Cook, a consultant in anesthesia and intensive care medicine of England's Royal United Hospitals Bath NHS Foundation Trust. Researchers said, overall, ICU deaths dropped from almost 60% in March to around 42% at the end of May. The difference in ratio meant thousands of lives were saved and reflected the rapid learning process that took place on a global scale as to what types of drugs work against the deadly virus, an article published on WebMD, stated.
In spite of all the hype about autonomous vehicles, the prospect of level 5 self-driving vehicles coming soon to a city near you remains some way off. By 2030, it's possible that we will see autonomous cars allowed to operate on some open roads, but for the time being, the evolution of Connected and Autonomous Vehicles (CAVs) in Europe is characterised by caution. However, there are certain aspects of autonomy that are already being deployed on the roads of Europe – while others will become commonplace and even mandatory over the next couple of years. Self-parking cars first appeared on European roads almost a decade ago, when Volkswagen Group unveiled new technology that could scan for a parking space before taking control of the steering wheel and manoeuvring the vehicle into the space. Since then, many of the major OEMs have incorporated similar technology as an optional extra or – on more expensive models – as standard equipment.
This idea of using disruptive camouflage was extensively undertaken during World War I and also somewhat during World War II. We tend to think of navy ships as always being painted a rather dull monotone grey color. This would seem to be a wise choice. At sea, the navy ships would tend to blend into the background of a grayish sky and a blue sea. Presumably, whales and dolphins use a similar colorization to try to blend into their surroundings.