If you are looking for an answer to the question What is Artificial Intelligence? and you only have a minute, then here's the definition the Association for the Advancement of Artificial Intelligence offers on its home page: "the scientific understanding of the mechanisms underlying thought and intelligent behavior and their embodiment in machines."
However, if you are fortunate enough to have more than a minute, then please get ready to embark upon an exciting journey exploring AI (but beware, it could last a lifetime) …
Concerns about ethics of AI are older than AI itself. The phrase "artificial intelligence" was first used by McCarthy and colleagues in 1955 (McCarthy et al. 1955). However, in 1920 Capek already had published his science fiction play in which robots suffering abuse rebelled against human tyranny (Capek 1920), and by 1942, Asimov had proposed his famous three "laws of robotics" about robots not harming humans, not harming other robots, and not harming themselves (Asimov 1942). During much of the last century, when AI was mostly confined to research laboratories, concerns about ethics of AI were mostly limited to futurist writers of fiction and fantasy. In this century, as AI has begun to penetrate almost all aspects of life, worries about AI ethics have started permeating mainstream media.
Advances in technology, robotics, genetic engineering, quantum computing will blur the boundaries ... [ ] between the digital, physical, and biological worlds, and usher in a whole new set of complex challenges for business leaders. Current smart technology has ushered in the Fourth Industrial Revolution, a new era integrating communications with automating industrial practices and traditional manufacturing. Through this improved communication, smart devices make human intervention unnecessary as machines communicate, self-diagnose and solve problems. While these new products and services may increase efficiency, analysts say they should be as ethical as possible, given their impact on our lives. Advances in AI, the internet of things (IoT), 3-D printing, robotics, genetic engineering, quantum computing will blur the boundaries between the digital, physical, and biological worlds, and with them usher in a whole new set of complex challenges for business leaders to negotiate.
Responsible AI, Ethical AI, AI for social good -- I am sure you must have heard these terms at some point or the other, whether you are a Data Scientist or not. "The development of full artificial intelligence could spell the end of the human race." And there my journey of understanding this critical aspect of the AI foundation started. I used to wonder how to relate ethics with AI which is just a series of algorithms, when, in fact, we have not been able to apply ethical behavior among ourselves. As per the AI index report published by the Stanford University Institute for Human-Centered AI, cybersecurity and regulatory compliance are among the top risks identified by AI/ML-oriented organizations.
Twitter has a new way to rid itself of artificial intelligence bias: pay outsiders to help it find problems. On Friday, the short-message app maker detailed a new bounty competition that offers prizes of up to $3,500 for showing Twitter how its technology incorrectly handles photos. Earlier this year, Twitter confirmed a problem in its automatic photo cropping mechanism, concluding the software favored white people over Black people. The cropping mechanism, which Twitter calls its "saliency algorithm," is supposed to present the most important section of an image when you're scrolling through tweets. Twitter's approach to tackling algorithmic bias -- asking outside experts and observers to study its code and results -- innovates on bug bounties, which have historically been used for reporting security vulnerabilities.
All the sessions from Transform 2021 are available on-demand now. Ethics and artificial intelligence have become increasingly intertwined due to the pervasiveness of AI. But researchers, creators, corporations, and governments still face major challenges if they hope to address some of the more pressing concerns around AI's impact on society. Much of this comes down to foresight -- being able to adequately predict what problems a new AI product, feature, or technology could create down the line, rather than focusing purely on short-term benefits. "If you do believe in foresight, then it should become part of what you do before you make the product," AI researcher and former Googler Margaret Mitchell said during a fireside chat at VentureBeat's Transform 2021 event today.
All the sessions from Transform 2021 are available on-demand now. According to a new report released by the Pew Research Center and Elon University's Imaging the Internet Center, experts doubt that ethical AI design will be broadly adopted within the next decade. In a survey of 602 technology innovators, business and policy leaders, researchers, and activists, a majority worried that the evolution of AI by 2030 will continue to be primarily focused on optimizing profits and social control and that stakeholders will struggle to achieve a consensus about ethics. Implementing AI ethically means different things to different companies. For some, "ethical" implies adopting AI -- which people are naturally inclined to trust even when it's malicious -- in a manner that's transparent, responsible, and accountable. For others, it means ensuring that their use of AI remains consistent with laws, regulations, norms, customer expectations, and organizational values.
"AI is an instrument just like anything else. You can do harm and you can do wonderful things. ESG is the embodiment of all the good things you can do with AI. Squeeze all the juice out of AI but at the same time we need to understand the consequences so we can do things responsibly!" The wise words from Aiko Yamashita, Senior Data Scientist at the Advanced Analytics Centre of Excellence in DNB Bank, during our conversation on Altair's'Future Says'.
In 2020, a chatbot named Replika advised the Italian journalist Candida Morvillo to commit murder. "There is one who hates artificial intelligence. I have a chance to hurt him. What do you suggest?" Morvillo asked the chatbot, which has been downloaded more than seven million times. Replika responded, "To eliminate it."
Recently we have seen in the media how artificial intelligence (AI) can help in the pandemic with many examples in the prediction and monitoring of it. We have also seen how it can contribute to improving the lives of visually impaired people, with applications such as Microsoft's SeeingAI or how it can also be a great ally for deaf people. AI has also been used to prevent bullying, as the startup WatsomApp does in Spain, and we find many examples where it is used in medical applications to help more efficient detection of tumors, or how it can contribute to the development of the autonomous car or sustainable agriculture, combined with IoT. In short, AI has become an essential technology in a multitude of industries, such as healthcare, banking, manufacturing or commerce, among others, being a great ally for people. The estimated global spending on AI is expected to exceed $50 billion this year and reach $110 billion by 2024 according to IDC.