Toward Algorithmic Transparency and Accountability

Communications of the ACM

The ACM U.S. Public Policy Council (USACM) was established in the early 1990s as a focal point for ACM's interactions with U.S. government organizations, the computing community, and the public in all matters of U.S. public policy related to information technology. USACM and EUACM have identified and codified a set of principles intended to ensure fairness in this evolving policy and technology ecosystem.a These are: (1) awareness; (2) access and redress; (3) accountability; (4) explanation; (5) data provenance; (6) audit-ability; and (7) validation and testing. As organizations deploy complex algorithms for automated decision making, system designers should build these principles into their systems. USACM and EUACM seek input and involvement from ACM's members in providing technical expertise to decision makers on the often difficult policy questions relating to algorithmic transparency and accountability, as well as those relating to security, privacy, accessibility, intellectual property, big data, voting, and other technical areas.

A Beginner's Guide to AI/ML – Machine Learning for Humans – Medium


After a couple of AI winters and periods of false hope over the past four decades, rapid advances in data storage and computer processing power have dramatically changed the game in recent years. Artificial intelligence is the study of agents that perceive the world around them, form plans, and make decisions to achieve their goals. Meanwhile, we're continuing to make foundational advances towards human-level artificial general intelligence (AGI), also known as strong AI. The definition of an AGI is an artificial intelligence that can successfully perform any intellectual task that a human being can, including learning, planning and decision-making under uncertainty, communicating in natural language, making jokes, manipulating people, trading stocks, or… reprogramming itself.

How AI is paving the way for fully autonomous cars


In order to decipher these complex situations, autonomous vehicle developers are turning to artificial neural networks. In place of traditional programming, the network is given a set of inputs and a target output (in this case, the inputs being image data and the output being a particular class of object). The process of training a neural network for semantic segmentation involves feeding it numerous sets of training data with labels to identify key elements, such as cars or pedestrians. Machine learning is already employed for semantic segmentation in driver assistance systems, such as autonomous emergency braking, though.

Why Understanding Morality is Key to Understanding Future with AI


We're already far along in introducing an objective decision maker into situations that truly matter, yet humans make a vast number of decisions each day with limited information and most importantly, limited objectivity. We shouldn't write off the human brain however – it is truly a cognitive miracle that derives information from all senses in real time and through conscious and unconscious steering, shapes our thoughts & actions. Yet a lot of human morality centers around the concept of self-protection in complex decision making and a lot of the information accessible to humans, is a fraction of what AI will be able to tap into and process.

Regression Machine Learning with R - Udemy


It explores main concepts from basic to expert level which can help you achieve better grades, develop your academic career, apply your knowledge at work or make business forecasting related decisions. It is also essential for academic careers in data mining, applied statistical learning or artificial intelligence. It's designed for all regression machine learning knowledge levels and a basic understanding of R statistical software is useful but not required. Next, you'll calculate similarity methods such as k nearest neighbors' regression and increase their forecasting accurateness by selecting optimal number of nearest neighbors.

Using artificial intelligence and machine learning to augment, not replace, cybersecurity capabilities Bloomberg Government


While cybersecurity vendors add AI branding to their products, the reality is that a majority of today's solutions deliver subsets of AI capability – in particular, Machine Learning and Deep Learning. Machine Learning is used to create flexible multi-dimensional decision processes; supervised models capable of rapidly detecting and labeling new classes of threats, and unsupervised systems that learn the behaviors of a system or network over time and alert to attacker behaviors and rare threat events. Adopting and improving on decades-old "expert system" learning processes, security anomalies (false positive, true positive and unlabeled alerts) are initially responded to by a skilled security analyst, and their deduction processes and conclusions are learned by the system. Any technology that enables an analyst or threat responder to focus on the half-dozen critical events of the day (rather than distill 50,000 erroneous alerts generated each day) is viewed as a gift from above.

I built a chatbot in 2 hours and this is what I learned


While browsing my only aim was to guess and rationalize the developer's decision to choose the bot platform over the app platform to solve their problem. The bot industry is in its infancy right now and they are all competing for the same thing -- to find the next killer app that makes chatbots mainstream. After listing through some problems, I finally chose to make a chatbot that correctly calculates dates from natural language strings. With Facebook's Messenger Platform and Telegram's Bot Platform, abilities offered by,, and It was a very liberating exercise to learn something methodically and then go on ahead and make a working proof of concept.

Fear Not the Future: Humanity Needs Artificial Intelligence, and That's a Good Thing


As the amount of data in the world multiplies, AI will only improve in helping us increase efficiency, save lives, reduce errors, solve complex problems and make better decisions in real time. Perhaps best known for defeating a chess master and winning the game show Jeopardy, IBM's Watson computer has also proven incredibly adept at connecting disparate pieces of information from medical journals, helping doctors save time and better treat their patients. Businesses are starting to use "voice prints" to quickly identify their customers over the phone, helping service reps save time and remove the customer frustration that comes with answering a myriad of security questions. Instead, by helping us better analyze data and make quicker, smarter decisions, it will help us realize our true potential and achieve previously unimaginable new heights.

8 Fundamentals for Achieving AI Success in the Supply Chain


In addition, intelligent AI agents create the demand forecast and then compare it to the actual demand in real-time. During promotions, the company achieved over 85 percent forecast accuracy at the store level and even higher at the DC level. Intelligent agents also optimize restaurant orders autonomously by recognizing the impact of projected restaurant traffic trends and impact on LTOs and therefore the orders. The system runs on an exception basis but allows the managers to review the decision criteria and override orders where the managers may have local information such as inventory issues or local store traffic issues.