computer


Introduction to Deep Learning

#artificialintelligence

It explores the study and construction of algorithms that can learn from and make predictions on data sets that are provided by building a model from sample data sets provided during a "training" period. In a supervised training period, a human feeds the data set to the computer along with the correct answer. The algorithms must build a model identifying how the correct answer is indeed the correct answer. An unsupervised training period is when the data set is provided to the computer which, in turn, discovers both the correct answer and how to figure out the correct answer.


Amazon Has Developed an AI Fashion Designer

MIT Technology Review

The effort points to ways in which Amazon and other companies could try to improve the tracking of trends in other areas of retail--making recommendations based on products popping up in social-media posts, for instance. For instance, one group of Amazon researchers based in Israel developed machine learning that, by analyzing just a few labels attached to images, can deduce whether a particular look can be considered stylish. An Amazon team at Lab126, a research center based in San Francisco, has developed an algorithm that learns about a particular style of fashion from images, and can then generate new items in similar styles from scratch--essentially, a simple AI fashion designer. The event included mostly academic researchers who are exploring ways for machines to understand fashion trends.


What is Deep Learning and how does it work?

#artificialintelligence

One of these is neural networks – the algorithms that underpin deep learning and play a central part in image recognition and robotic vision. Inspired by the nerve cells (neurons) that make up the human brain, neural networks comprise layers (neurons) that are connected in adjacent layers to each other. So we need to compile a training set of images – thousands of examples of cat faces, which we (humans) label "cat", and pictures of objects that aren't cats, labelled (you guessed it) "not cat". In 2001, Paul Viola and Michael Jones from Mitsubishi Electric Research Laboratories, in the US, used a machine learning algorithm called adaptive boosting, or AdaBoost, to detect faces in an image in real time.


Using machine learning to improve patient care 7wData

#artificialintelligence

"The system could potentially be an aid for doctors in the ICU, which is a high-stress, high-demand environment," says PhD student Harini Suresh, lead author on the paper about ICU Intervene. "The goal is to leverage data from medical records to improve health care and predict actionable interventions." Another team developed an approach called "EHR Model Transfer" that can facilitate the application of predictive models on an electronic health record (EHR) system, despite being trained on data from a different EHR system. "Much of the previous work in clinical decision-making has focused on outcomes such as mortality (likelihood of death), while this work predicts actionable treatments," Suresh says.


Artificial Intelligence penned an entire pop music album--and it's not actually that bad

#artificialintelligence

For those who criticize pop music for being manufactured and predictable--you're in for a treat. "Break Free" is the first song from Taryn Southern's new album. Southern's album, I AM AI, was created by Amper: an artificially intelligent music composer, producer, and performer. Unlike other music-making AIs--Orb Composer or JukeDeck, for instance--Amper can create sounds, chords progressions, and beats, and only needs human input to tweak the style or rhythm if necessary.


This algorithm cleverly recreates 3D objects from tiny 2D images

#artificialintelligence

Fortunately, a clever shortcut created by a Berkeley AI researcher may seriously improve their performance. Take an image that's a hundred pixels on each side, for a total of 10,000 pixels. An accurate reproduction of it might be a hundred pixels tall as well, making for a total of a million pixels -- voxels, actually, now that they're 3D. Making computers see more like humans do sometimes means mimicking the brain's weaknesses as well as its strengths.


Paid Program: How AI Is Driving Innovation

#artificialintelligence

Zestimate is driven by machine learning, a concept in which computers can learn new things based on the data they process and act upon those learnings. While traditional computer software is based on hard-coded instructions that tell it what to do with a predefined set of information, machine learning systems use previously acquired information to help them make sense of new data. Zillow is just one of thousands of companies, in fields as diverse as biomedical research and financial management, using artificial intelligence to revolutionize traditional sectors, create entirely new businesses and reshape the global economy. Across the financial services industry, AI-based fraud detection and risk management have been widely embraced.


If an AI creates a work of art, who owns the copyright?

#artificialintelligence

Eran Kahana, an intellectual-property lawyer at Maslon LLP and a fellow at Stanford Law School, doesn't believe we should award authorship to AIs. He explains that the reason IP laws exist is to "prevent others from using it and enabling the owner to generate a benefit. If you make a spelling mistake in something you're writing and the computer corrects it, who owns the copyright to the final product? "Obviously not the computer", Kahana quips.


How AI isn't as Bad as You Think For Your Hotel - Naully Nicolas

#artificialintelligence

Today, it is all about creating outstanding and unique experiences from trip planning through to check-out and their return home.It is starting with the first casual visit to the website, presenting personalized options and recommendations, to capturing user preferences and behavior in the process to book a room, leading to the actual guest experience at the hotel, capturing details on the food ordered and usage of other amenities, there is a sea of information that could be intelligently used to create superior guest experiences in the future. This is where Artificial Intelligence becomes an infinitely powerful medium to invisibly and unobtrusively capture the zillion data points for thousands of guests and convert these to contextual, analytical, actionable insights to be used for a great experience at every point of the customer lifecycle. Hotels of the now and future greatly need a connected platform and ecosystem that is constantly acquiring, contextualizing, processing and analyzing customer data, and turning it into predictive and actionable insights for generating a superior guest experience. This data can be leveraged by hotels for analytics to determine guest personas and create customized services, communications and promotional offers that provide targeted and unique experiences.


Turing Laureates Celebrate Award's 50th Anniversary

Communications of the ACM

Among the 22 Turing Laureates in attendance at the conference were: Front row, from left: Whitfield Diffie (2015), Martin Hellman (2015), Robert Tarjan (1986), Barbara Liskov (2008). Among the 22 Turing Laureates in attendance at the conference were: Front row, from left: Whitfield Diffie (2015), Martin Hellman (2015), Robert Tarjan (1986), Barbara Liskov (2008). Butler Lampson, the 1992 Turing Laureate ("for contributions to the development of distributed, personal computing environments and the technology for their implementation: workstations, networks, operating systems, programming systems, displays, security, and document publishing"), said, "There's plenty of room at the top; there's room in software, algorithms, and hardware." A panel on Moore's Law was moderated by John Hennessy (left) and included Doug Burger, Norman Jouppi, Butler Lampson (1992), and Margaret Martonosi.