If you are looking for an answer to the question What is Artificial Intelligence? and you only have a minute, then here's the definition the Association for the Advancement of Artificial Intelligence offers on its home page: "the scientific understanding of the mechanisms underlying thought and intelligent behavior and their embodiment in machines."
However, if you are fortunate enough to have more than a minute, then please get ready to embark upon an exciting journey exploring AI (but beware, it could last a lifetime) …
Martin Spano is the author of Artificial Intelligence in a Nutshell, a book that explores the mystified subject of artificial intelligence (AI) with simple, non-technical language. Spano's passion for AI began after he watched 2001: A Space Odyssey, but he insists this ever-changing technology is not just the subject for sci-fi novels and movies; artificial intelligence is present in our everyday lives. Alex Krizhevsky was born in Ukraine but lived most of his life in Canada. After finishing his undergraduate studies, he continued as a postgraduate under the supervision of Geoffrey Hinton, legendary computer scientist and cognitive psychologist, one of the foremost advocates of using artificial neural networks for artificial intelligence. Krizhevsky stumbled upon an algorithm by Hinton that used graphics cards instead of processors for its execution.
In March 2017, I joined the MathWorks Student Competitions team to focus on supporting university-level robotics competitions. The competition I spend most time with is RoboCup, which is great because RoboCup contains a variety of leagues and skill levels that keeps me sharp with almost everything going on in the field. Today I will talk about my experience in this role, and what it's been like returning to robotics and academia after more than 5 years away from the field. Let me start with a personal history lesson about my experience in robotics. I am a mechanical engineer with a background in controls, dynamics, and systems.
Robots are about to go underground -- for a competition anyways. The Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA), the branch of the U.S. Department of Defense dedicated to developing new emerging technologies, is holding a challenge intended to develop technology for first responders and the military to map, navigate, and search underground. But the technology developed for the competition could also be used in future NASA missions to caves and lava tubes on other planets. The DARPA Subterranean Challenge Systems Competition will be held August 15 – 22 in mining tunnels under Pittsburgh, and among the robots competing will be an entry from a team led by NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory (JPL) that features wheeled rovers, drones, and climbing robots that can rise on pinball-flipper-shaped treads to scale obstacles. "By investing in this competition, we are investing in our future," Leon Alkalai, manager of the JPL Office of Strategic Planning, said in a statement.
Usually, AI proves very successful when its goals are focused on a single task, like playing a game with clearly defined rules. It's trying to set up a system to handle greater complexity that has proved elusive for AI. Some researchers believe studying how animals learn can open the way to more comprehensive mastery of tasks for AI. An appreciation for the cognitive abilities demonstrated by animals is the motivation for the Animal-AI Olympics. As described on its YouTube video, "Instead of providing a problem to solve, we will provide an arena in which we will test your entry for many simple cognitive abilities using methods from the animal cognition literature."
The insurance industry, after the trade market, is another sector where it is hard to predict the next big paradigm shift. Given the tentative stability and natural catastrophes, insurance companies often stand on a trembling ground and confront massive challenges, even when i comes to adopting seamless and intuitive digital solutions such as Artificial Intelligence in Insurance. Research N Reports has added a report, titled "Global Artificial Intelligence in Insurtech Market Size, Status and Forecast 2025," which provides an overview of the various factors enabling growth in the market. The statistical report offers a prime wellspring of applicable information for global business progress. What will be the market size and growth rate in the forecast year?
The robots have arrived in downtown Springdale, in a black warehouse at 317 E. Meadow Ave., directly behind Tyson's Emma Street technology center. Designed to move chicken legs and packaging, the robots will eventually end up in processing plants across the country. But before that can happen, they will be tested in the new Tyson Manufacturing Automation Center, which opened Thursday. The center offers a space for employees to develop in-house manufacturing processes with suppliers, and to learn how those processes and equipment work. "It is another exciting day in Springdale," Tyson Foods Chairman John Tyson told a crowd at the facility Thursday.
Zindi is convening Africa's data scientists to create AI solutions for complex problems. Founded in 2018, the Cape Town-based startup allows companies, NGOs or government institutions to host online competitions around data-oriented challenges. Zindi's platform also coordinates a group of more than 4,000 data scientists based in Africa who can enroll to join a competition, submit their solution sets, move up a leader board and win the challenge -- for a cash prize payout. The highest purse so far has been $12,000, split across the top three data scientists in a competition, according to Zindi co-founder Celina Lee. Competition hosts receive the results, which they can use to create new products or integrate into their existing systems and platforms.
From manufacturing to last-mile delivery, retail giants and startups are using AI and robotics to automate various parts of the chain. Experts believe that players across the retail ecosystem need to adapt to using AI to stay relevant. Corporations across industries are scrambling to adapt and integrate AI into their products, and the retail sector is no exception. In the last five years, retail AI startups that address retailer's AI needs ended up raising around $2.67 billion. For traditional retail giants, leveraging AI means coming close to the competition from e-commerce behemoths like Amazon and Alibaba.
Esteban Granero, who plays for Spanish side Espanyol, is CEO of AI consultancy Olocip. A head coach sees his team take the lead in a crucial match with 20 minutes remaining. One assistant advises the coach to drive his players forward, to keep attacking in the hope of a decisive second goal. The other favors more cautious tactics, dropping players back to focus on defending the narrow lead. The coach might draw on his past experience to make his decision or he might just go with instinct -- his gut feeling in that moment of what will win the match.
This reliable, feature-packed air conditioner from GE earned our top honors during testing. The GE Profile Series PHC08LY is a window-mounted air conditioner that blends top-notch cooling capabilities with a variety of unique features, with a bit of style and elegance. During testing, this 8,000 BTU (British Thermal Units) AC unit reduced our 340 square foot test area's temperature by 10 F in only 43 minutes and lowered the room's humidity by 14 percent in the same amount of time. On top of this, it ran (for an air conditioner) quietly. While using the GE Profile Series' Quiet Mode it only put out 49.3 dBA of sound -- that's less noise than an average household refrigerator makes.