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The Prisoner Who Revolutionized Chinese Language With a Teacup

WIRED

It was 1968, two years into the Cultural Revolution. Shanghai was in the middle of an unseasonal heat wave, and its people cursed the "autumn tiger." Zhi Bingyi had more to worry about than the heat. He had been branded a "reactionary academic authority," one of the many damning allegations that sent millions of people to their deaths or to labor camps during the Cultural Revolution. Was it still appropriate for Zhi to think of himself as one of the people?


More Chinese Automakers Collaborating On EVs, AVs

#artificialintelligence

More Chinese automakers collaborating on EVs -- The automotive industry has entered into an intense era of collaboration among carmakers, technology giants, and even software start-ups, among others. This trend comes as countries, including China, accelerate into increased usage of EVs and AVs. Numerous partnerships have sprouted up in the past year, adding density and life to this ecosystem. Among Chinese automakers themselves, a handful of significant partnerships were made to accelerate the developments of EVs and AVs within the country. In fact, China is shaping up to be the first real test of Big Tech's ambitions in the world of car making.


Can China create a world-beating AI industry?

#artificialintelligence

"SOUTH OF THE Huai river few geese can be seen through the rain and snow." In classical Chinese this verse is a breakthrough--not in literature but in computing power. The line, composed by an artificial intelligence (AI) language model called Wu Dao 2.0, is indistinguishable in metre and tone from ancient poetry. The lab that built the software, the Beijing Academy of Artificial Intelligence (BAAI), challenges visitors to its website to distinguish between Wu Dao and flesh-and-blood 8th-century masters. Anecdotal evidence suggests that it fools most testers.


Retinal age gap as a predictive biomarker for mortality risk

#artificialintelligence

Aim To develop a deep learning (DL) model that predicts age from fundus images (retinal age) and to investigate the association between retinal age gap (retinal age predicted by DL model minus chronological age) and mortality risk. Methods A total of 80 169 fundus images taken from 46 969 participants in the UK Biobank with reasonable quality were included in this study. Of these, 19 200 fundus images from 11 052 participants without prior medical history at the baseline examination were used to train and validate the DL model for age prediction using fivefold cross-validation. A total of 35 913 of the remaining 35 917 participants had available mortality data and were used to investigate the association between retinal age gap and mortality. Results The DL model achieved a strong correlation of 0.81 (p<0·001) between retinal age and chronological age, and an overall mean absolute error of 3.55 years. Cox regression models showed that each 1 year increase in the retinal age gap was associated with a 2% increase in risk of all-cause mortality (hazard ratio (HR)=1.02, 95% CI 1.00 to 1.03, p=0.020) and a 3% increase in risk of cause-specific mortality attributable to non-cardiovascular and non-cancer disease (HR=1.03, 95% CI 1.00 to 1.05, p=0.041) after multivariable adjustments. No significant association was identified between retinal age gap and cardiovascular- or cancer-related mortality. Conclusions Our findings indicate that retinal age gap might be a potential biomarker of ageing that is closely related to risk of mortality, implying the potential of retinal image as a screening tool for risk stratification and delivery of tailored interventions. Data are available in a public, open access repository.


Biometric data at US airports calls for tighter controls, senators from both parties say

FOX News

Fox News Flash top headlines are here. Check out what's clicking on FoxNews.com. It's called a biometric gate check -- more commonly known as facial recognition technology. U.S. Customs and Border Protection (CBP) has used it to process more than 100 million travelers at airports in the U.S. But now a bipartisan pair of U.S. senators is asking how the data is being used and trying to determine if it's an invasion of privacy, similar to daily life in communist China.


China's robotaxis charged ahead in 2021 – TechCrunch

#artificialintelligence

Autonomous driving startups in China are in an arms race to put passengers in their machine-driven vehicles. Every few weeks, news arrives that another major player has got the greenlight to launch a new pilot program or a small-scale service. These press releases, often dotted with regulatory jargon and flowery language to aggrandize the companies' progress, can be confusing. That's why we put together this post summarizing the progress of China's major robotaxi operators -- AutoX, Baidu, Deeproute.ai, Didi, Momenta, Pony.ai and WeRide -- in 2021 while trying to parse what their announcements actually mean.


On China's new space station, a robotic arm test paves way for future construction

#artificialintelligence

A large robotic arm on China's space station has successfully grasped and maneuvered a cargo spacecraft in a crucial test ahead of upcoming module launches. The 33-foot-long (10 meters) robotic arm on the Tianhe module of China's new Tiangong space station took hold of the Tianzhou 2 supply ship and moved it around 20 degrees, before returning it to the forward port on Tianhe's docking hub. The 47-minute operation began at 5:12 p.m. EST on Wednesday, Jan. 5 (2212 UTC, 6:12 am Beijing time Jan. 6) to test the procedures and equipment needed for the addition and movement of larger space station modules. The successful trial was vital to the China National Space Administration's plan to complete construction of its space station later this year. China's next space station modules, named Mengtian and Wentian, are scheduled to launch on separate Long March 5B rockets in the coming months and dock with the orbiting Tianhe. The robotic arm will then need to grasp the modules, each with a mass of more than 44,100 pounds (20,000 kilograms), and maneuver them from the forward port to radial ports.


'Mystery hut' on the Moon is a rabbit-shaped rock, scientists reveal

Daily Mail - Science & tech

An object found on the surface of the moon that was dubbed a'mystery hut' is actually a rabbit-shaped rock, scientists have revealed. China's Yutu 2 rover spotted the object on the far side of the moon in December, thanks to its panoramic and infrared on-board cameras, and approached it for closer inspection. Now, the Yutu 2 team have confirmed that it is an oddly-shaped rock that they claim looks like a small but'lifelike' crouching bunny like a statue set in stone, surrounded by its own rocky'droppings' and morsels of food. The finding is a coincidence as the name of the rover, Yutu, happens to be Chinese for'Jade Rabbit'. China's Yutu 2 team say the an oddly-shaped rock looks like a small but'lifelike' crouching bunny like a statue set in stone, surrounded by its own rocky'droppings' and morsels of food Yutu-2 is the robotic lunar rover component of China's Chang'e 4 mission to the far side of the Moon.


WeRide launches fully driverless Robobus service to the public

#artificialintelligence

WeRide, the global leading Level 4 autonomous driving technology company, launched its fully driverless Robobus service to the public on the Guangzhou International Bio Island in China's Guangzhou. This move comes after WeRide has been operating China's first Robotaxi commercial service for over two years. The company will continue to take the lead in smart mobility service with its Robotaxi and Robobus operation. WeRide Robobus is based on automaker Yutong Group's purpose-built electric vehicle for autonomous driving. It has no steering wheel, accelerator, or brake.


China has created an artificial intelligence "prosecutor" to bring charges

#artificialintelligence

In China, artificial intelligence can easily send you to jail. Chinese scientists have developed a machine that can accuse people of crimes using artificial intelligence. This artificial intelligence "prosecutor" can bring charges based on a verbal description of the case with more than 97 percent accuracy. The South China Morning Post reports that the car was built and tested by the Shanghai Pudong People's Procuratorate, the largest and busiest district prosecutor's office in China. The technology can reduce the daily workload of prosecutors by allowing them to focus on more complex tasks, according to project lead researcher Professor Shi Yun.