brain


Smart computers decode brain activity

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The aim of the research was to build upon studies that are showing how computer science and artificial intelligence can take brain research in new directions. The study demonstrates how a self-learning algorithm can decodes human brain signals, as measured by an electroencephalogram. Such research is directed at researching, mapping, assisting, augmenting, or repairing human cognitive or sensory-motor functions. The aim of this was to further understand the diverse intersections between human and machine and to better develop artificial intelligence for medical science, in relation to interpreting brains scans.


blockchain-and-artificial-intelligence?utm_source=dlvr.it&utm_medium=twitter&sf102456065=1

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Formulating human mind thought process and on-going thinking process to machine readable digital files and uploading and saving them on physical machine's storage devices. As a concept thinking blockchain as a thinking process which can help in formulating human thinking as a blockchain process to make machine learning process stronger. The AI sub-field called "Artificial General Intelligence" (AGI) is most relevant as AGI can be modeled as a feedback control system. Blockchain matter to foundations of data management and it provides foundation to bitcoin which is mind game and a result of well thought process and cooked with ingredients like artificial intelligence, artificial general intelligence, Machine learning (blended with deep learning) and their components around.


Is It Possible To Wipe Out Those Bad Memories?

International Business Times

So, weakening these connections can help in erasing the memories, the research published Thursday in the journal, Neuron, reveals. The findings of the research -- conducted using the mouse as a model -- offers insight into the treatment of Post Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) and specific phobias. In a study published in 2014 in journal Social Cognitive and Affective Neuroscience, the researchers suggested a simple strategy to reduce the negative effects of these memories. "Looking away from the worst emotions and thinking about the context, like a friend who was there or what the weather was like, will rather effortlessly take your mind away from the unwanted emotions associated with a negative memory," psychology professor Florin Dolcos of the Cognitive Neuroscience Group, who led the research at the Beckman Institute at the University of Illinois, said.


Robotics and AI celebrated in this year's MIT Technology Review 35 Innovators Under 35 list

Robohub

Anca Dragan UC Berkeley Ensuring that robots and humans work and play well together. Angela Schoellig University of Toronto Her algorithms are helping self-driving and self-flying vehicles get around more safely. Jianxiong Xiao AutoX His company AutoX aims to make self-driving cars more accessible. Volodymyr Mnih DeepMind The first system to play Atari games as well as a human can.


Visual Data and the 'Killer App' for AI – IoT For All – Medium

@machinelearnbot

For instance, the most cutting edge AI systems employ deep learning or deep neural networks that are modeled after the neural networks of the human brain. The process of learning for machines requires a lot more data, time and iteration than it does for humans. Everything from autonomous cars to AR/VR technologies rely on image recognition and image data processing. Visual recognition attributes meaning to those objects, so that it's possible for a computer to identify cars on the road and navigate around them autonomously.


Monkeys can be tricked into thinking all objects are familiar

New Scientist

In particular, a region of the temporal lobe called the perirhinal cortex has been linked with object recognition, memory and even helping primates recognise familiar faces. Then the team began stimulating different parts of the perirhinal cortex during the recognition tests. When they stimulated the entire perirhinal cortex with light, the monkeys categorised all objects as old – regardless of whether they really were. However, stimulating different parts of the perirhinal cortex in turn had varying effects: the front biased the monkeys to see everything as familiar, while the rear sometimes caused them to identify more objects as new.


How we recall the past

MIT News

When we have a new experience, the memory of that event is stored in a neural circuit that connects several parts of the hippocampus and other brain structures. Previous research has shown that encoding these memories involves cells in a part of the hippocampus called CA1, which then relays information to another brain structure called the entorhinal cortex. In one group of mice, the MIT team inhibited neurons of the subiculum as the mice underwent fear conditioning, which had no effect on their ability to later recall the experience. However, in another group, they inhibited subiculum neurons after fear conditioning had occurred, when the mice were placed back in the original chamber.


Neuroscience and Machine Learning Restore Movement in Paralyzed Man's Hand

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The engineers at Battelle worked with physicians and neuroscientists from Ohio State University Wexner Medical Center to develop the research approach and perform the clinical study. In 2014, Ohio State surgeons implanted a chip in Ian's brain. The team used brain imaging to identify and isolate the part of Mr. Burkhart's brain that controls hand movements. Through repetition, the firing patterns were analyzed and used to develop an algorithm to control the muscles in his hand.


Diagnosing the future of health apps

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Whether being used by organisations to adapt and streamline processes to improve data access and patient care or by patients themselves looking at ways to better understand and manage their health, the sector is set to be transformed by the evolution of apps. The findings include important trends that will affect the future of healthcare, including artificial intelligence and how embeddables (i.e. With the number of people with diabetes in Europe forecast to rise from 59.8 million in 2015 to 71.1 million in 2040, such apps have the potential to make a dramatic impact by putting sophisticated healthcare into the hands of the patient. I believe the need for greater transparency, combined with emerging business models and processes, will drive more people to call for the healthcare industry to safeguard data and improve overall application security standards.


The Most Important Question Underlying Artificial General Intelligence Research – Is Math Real?

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The mathematician in the video indicates that numbers and mathematics, which is the basis of our attempts to compute consciousness and create sentience(AGI), are incomplete representations of reality and might be insufficient to actually create machines that think. However, if you consider the space occupied by a human brain – the actual 3D space it occupies, we know that it is no where close to utilizing all the information processing ability of that space. This means in a real way that we will be able to actually have access to the information processing potential of that brain's 3D space and to be able to have representations of chemical reactions at a fundamental level. If it is true that the math and numbers we currently use to represent the universe are inadequate then our attempts to create thinking machines may be a distant dream.